By Dr. Lawrence Britt
Source Free Inquiry.co
Dr. Lawrence Britt has examined the fascist regimes of Hitler (Germany), Mussolini (Italy), Franco (Spain), Suharto (Indonesia) and several Latin American regimes. Britt found 14 defining characteristics common to each.
The murder of Kelly Thomas, a schizophrenic homeless man, by the Fullerton Police Department.
From Wikipedia: “According to statements given by the officers, Thomas was uncooperative and resisted when they attempted to search him, so backup was called. “Now you see my fists?” Fullerton police officer Manny Ramos asked Thomas while slipping on a pair of latex gloves. “Yeah, what about them?” Thomas responded. “They are getting ready to fuck you up,” said Ramos. A video of the event surfaced, and Thomas can be heard repeatedly screaming in pain while officers are heard repeatedly asking him to place his arms behind his back. He audibly responds “Okay, I’m sorry!” and “I’m trying!” while the officers stretch his arm back. The police officers claim that, unable to get Thomas to comply with the requests, they used a taser on him (up to five times according to a witness statement, and the video footage), and in the video Thomas can be heard screaming “Dad! Dad!”. Six officers were involved in subduing Thomas, who was unarmed and had a history of mental illness. Thomas was initially taken to St. Jude Medical Center in Fullerton but was transferred immediately to the UC Irvine Medical Center with severe injuries to his head, face, and neck.] One of the paramedics testified that he was first instructed to attend to a police officer’s minor injury and then noticed Thomas lying unconscious in a pool of blood. Orange County District Attorney Tony Rackauckas gave a detailed account of the events during a press conference on September 21, 2011. Using digital audio recording devices carried by the officers, surveillance video from a pole camera at the Fullerton Transportation Center, and other evidence, Rackauckas provided evidence that Thomas did comply with orders from Officer Ramos, who had put on latex gloves and asked Thomas “Now see my fists? They are getting ready to fuck you up.” Rackauckas went on to describe how Thomas begged for his life, before being struck repeatedly by the officers. He was admitted to the hospital, slipped into a coma, and died five days later.”
Prescott Bush’s Fascist Business Plot of the 1930s finally came to pass…
Prescott Bush, George W. Bush’s grandfather, was implicated in the “Business Plot” to remove President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. It hoped to install a fascist government that actually envisioned what we have now, which passed under George W. Bush, his grandson: the double-speak Patriot Act.
“A coalition of multinational corporate executives, big-city bankers, and hungry power brokers… want to give you George Bush… their purpose is to control the American government.”
– Ronald Reagan, 1980.
The Bush Cabal: Arguably one of the most criminal families in the history of the United States. George Bush, Sr. had been CIA Director in 1976. Rhawn Joseph writes: “In 1976.Senator Frank Church accused Bush of being involved in past coverups, and warned that Bush would abuse his power and engage in future cover-ups if he got the post: ‘There is no question in my mind but that concealment is the new order of the day.’ Church even accused Bush of being a fascist who hid his evil acts behind the secrecy of government. Church said of Bush, ‘Hiding evil is the trademark of a totalitarian government.’” John Hinckley, Jr., the man who shot Reagan, came from the wealthy Hinckley family that backed George Bush Sr.’s run for the White House.
This Bush dynasty only came about thanks to the Kennedy assassination and Operation Paperclip’s importation of Nazi war criminals and/or scientists. That’s when the CIA-Nazi faction really came into power (these were the militant, white supremacist segregationists in the intelligence community and military that also allied themselves with the Ku Klux Klan). At the time, the 60s, they were a massive southern political engine.
In 1936, William Dodd, the U.S. Ambassador to Germany, wrote a letter to President Roosevelt in which he stated,
“A clique of U.S. industrialists is hell-bent to bring a fascist state to supplant our democratic government and is working closely with the fascist regime in Germany and Italy. I have had plenty of opportunity in my post in Berlin to witness how close some of our American ruling families are to the Nazi regime…. A prominent executive of one of the largest corporations, told me point blank that he would be ready to take definite action to bring fascism into America if President Roosevelt continued his progressive policies. Certain American industrialists had a great deal to do with bringing fascist regimes into being in both Germany and Italy. They extended aid to help Fascism occupy the seat of power, and they are helping to keep it there. Propagandists for fascist groups try to dismiss the fascist scare. We should be aware of the symptoms. When industrialists ignore laws designed for social and economic progress they will seek recourse to a fascist state when the institutions of our government compel them to comply with the provisions.”
Prescott Bush’s involvement in financing the Nazis isn’t contested nor is the fact that he was part of a criminal cabal that actively sought to impose a fascist coup in America.
Moreover, under George W. Bush, this fascist state, one completely controlled by Wall Street, came into being with the passage of the Patriot Act. Because they were able to do it with practically no opposition from the Democrats even after it was discovered how badly this violated every key protection in the Bill of Rights, it’s hard to argue they are not servants of the same Wall Street masters.
Prescott Bush (father of HW/grandfather of W), along with Federal Reserve founders Paul Warburg and John D. Rockefeller, laundered money to Hitler, before and during his rise to power. Bush was the only one to have his company seized under the Trading with the Enemy Act. The Bushes, Warburgs, and Rockefellers are part of the root of the two party stranglehold.
Abby Martin did a segment on American corporations that funded the Nazis:
If you are skeptical about the notion some of our most respected leaders are and were involved in genocide, particularly those the corporate media taught us to revere as heroes, remember that there is no question that the CIA-Nazi faction took control, and that the Nazis started World War II to wipe out an entire race of people. They killed 6 million Jews right under our noses and in total about 21 million people. They are very, very good at this. If you want to pretend they don’t exist in this country today, that they haven’t continued with their genocide, false flag operations, kidnappings and torture, sterilization programs and eugenics agenda, do so at your own risk.
THE NAZIFICATION OF THE CIA & REPUBLICAN PARTY
“After the Nazis’ 1943 defeat at Stalingrad,” write Loftus and Aarons (1), “various Nazi businessmen realized they were on the losing side and made plans to evacuate their wealth. The Peron government in Argentina was receiving the Nazi flight capital with open arms, and Dulles helped it hide the money?.”
“The Guinness Book of Records lists the missing Reichsbank treasure” estimated at $2.5 billion dollars “as the greatest unsolved bank robbery in history. Where did it go?”
“According to our source,” write Loftus and Aarons (1), the bulk of the treasure was simply shipped a very short distance across Austria and through the Brenner Pass into Italy. Dulles’ contacts were waiting.”
“Our sources claim that Dulles and his colleagues exerted a great deal of influence to ensure that Western investments in Nazi Germany were not seized by the Allies as reparations for the Jews. After all, much of ‘Hitler’s Gold’ had originally belonged to the bankers in London and New York. The captured Nazi loot went underground.”
At the end of WWII, some of that money, with the direct assistance of Dulles, may have been laundered through Bush-Harriman-Rockefeller banks. Dulles was in an excellent position to help his friends and cover up his tracks, because with Roosevelt dead, any effective opposition to him had also died. Dulles and his brother began consolidating their forces in the new Truman administration, volunteering their services, spreading their tentacles, covering up their crimes, and buying power (3). Loftus and Aarons (1) go on to say, “Dulles and some of his friends volunteered for postwar service with the government not out of patriotism but of necessity. They had to be in positions of power to suppress the evidence of their own dealings with the Nazis.”
Through the influence of the Dulles brothers, investigations into their traitorous acts, and those of the Harriman-Bush- Rockefeller clique, were quashed. Ongoing investigations were also taken away “from the Treasury and turned over to the State Department. There Dulles’ friends shredded the index to the interlocking corporations and blocked further investigations” (1).
“Dulles had this goal in mind: Not a single American businessman was ever going to be convicted of treason for helping the Nazis. None ever was, despite the evidence. According to one of our sources in the intelligence community, the U.S. Army Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC) had two large ‘Civilian Internment Centers’ in Occupied Germany, code named ‘Ashcan’ and ‘Dustbin.’ The CIC had identified and captured a large number of U.S. citizens who had stayed in Germany and aided the Third Reich all through World War II. The evidence of their treason was overwhelming. The captured German records were horribly incriminating.” So, they were destroyed.
With the destruction of these and other records, Bush, Harriman, Rockefeller, as well as the Dulles brothers were almost in the clear. “Almost” would not be good enough. The cover up continued.
“Justice Department attorney, O. John Rogge, dared to make a speech about Nazi collaborators in the United States.” He “was quickly fired. However, the attorney who buried the treason cases was later promoted to special assistant attorney general” (1).
A number of Americans who had been in business with or agents of Bush, Dulles, Harriman, Rockefeller, and the Nazis, were unable to cover their tracks, and had been imprisoned at the conclusion of the war, even though they were American citizens. It was important that they be cleared and never brought to justice, otherwise they would likely testify against Bush and gang.
“Victor Wohreheide, the young Justice Department attorney responsible for preparing the treason trials, suddenly ordered the prisoners’ release. All of the Nazi collaborators were allowed to return to the United States and reclaim their citizenship” and their money (1). Once released, and with charges dropped, there would be little threat of these Nazi criminals ever testifying against Bush, Dulles, Harriman, Rockefeller, and the others.
It was not just Nazi businessmen, but Nazi businesses that were spared.
“Despite direct orders from President Truman and General Eisenhower, IG Farben, the citadel of the Nazi industrialists, was never dismantled” (1). Instead, companies such as Bayer, which comprised a major part of the IG Farben cartel, were allowed to continue doing business, with Bush, Harriman, Dulles, and Rockefeller getting a piece of the action.
Even worse, just as the U.S. congress had decided to give away oil pipelines, refineries, and petroleum-related industries and properties to the Rockefeller led oil-cartels, and to use American tax dollars to fund new refineries and pipelines in the Middle East (see chapter 3), “Dulles’ clients demanded, and received, Allied compensation for bomb damage to their factories in Germany” (1).
“Only a few of the top Nazis were executed. Most of the rest were released from prison within a few years. Others would go virtually unpunished. No one ever investigated the Nazi sympathizers in Western intelligence who had made it all possible.”
“The bottom line is that the Nazi businessmen survived the war with their fortunes intact and rebuilt their industrial empires to become the richest men in the world.” Indeed, some became “multibillionaires” even though they “had been prominent members of Hitler’s inner circle” (1,2).
Dulles’ clients got away with it. President Roosevelt’s dream of putting the Nazis’ money-men on trial died with him” (1,2).
Dulles and his clients had won.
However, insofar as the Dulles-Bush-Harriman-Rockefeller clique were concerned, this was just a single battle. The great prize would be to seize power in the United States and to use the government to serve their own ends. Like Hitler, they intended to do it “legally.”
Knowledge is power. Secrecy insures that knowledge and power are controlled by those controlling the secrets. If crimes remain secret, there is no punishment, just rewards.
Espionage and spying are a means of gaining access to the secrets of others. Knowledge is power.
It was the job of Allen Dulles to bury the secrets which would implicate his patrons and business partners, as well as himself, in treasonable and criminal acts. However, Dulles, with a long history in spying and espionage, wanted more than to just bury secrets. Dulles wanted to build a spy agency (4), that like Himmler’s Gestapo, would be above the law, and thus beyond any possibility of penalty for crimes such as terror, theft, slavery or murder.
Even before the end of World War II, Dulles, who would soon become the first director of the CIA, had begun recruiting his dream team of super- spymasters from the “Brotherhood of Death,” that is, from Himmler’s dreaded SS, the Gestapo (5). Dulles would create an American version of the Gestapo: the CIA. The CIA would become his personal instrument of power.
From 1927 to 1941, the Dulles brothers worked as lawyers and international finance specialists for Sullivan & Cromwell, a Wall Street law firm in New York. Allen Dulles performed work for Bush, Harriman, and Rockefeller in setting up business relationships with the Nazis and with top Nazi industrialists. Dulles played a pivotal role in promoting U.S.-Nazi corporate relations
Dulles was also legal counsel for Standard Oil and the Nazi’s IG Farben, which had partnered with the Rockefellers and owned considerable Standard oil stock. His brother John Dulles (who later became Secretary of State) was an IG Farben board member
Dulles was originally recruited by OSS intelligence chief Colonel William J. Donovan, in 1941, and was posted to Berne, Switzerland. Dulles was picked because of his great expertise on Germany which he acquired through his law firm and by working as an agent for Bush, Harriman, and Rockefeller (6).
From October 1942 to May 1945, he gathered intelligence information on Nazi Germany, especially as it pertained to commerce and industry. Much of this information was also passed on to his business associates, i.e. Bush and gang (1,2,6).
The Nazis considered Dulles to be “the most influential White House man in Europe” and Dulles had numerous meetings with top ranking members of the SS (4,6,7). In January of 1943, Dulles, acting as a representative of the United States, began negotiating with top Nazis. Dulles was urging that Hitler be deposed and replaced by SS chief Himmler (7).
Himmler was a mass murderer, responsible for the deaths of at least ten million men, women, and children, in the Nazi death camps and elsewhere (7,8). However, Himmler was still a business man and a member of the “Brotherhood of Death” (8), as were Bush, Harriman, Rockefeller, and other Dulles’ associates (9). Dulles and gang thought Himmler would make a fine leader.
All were in agreement with the Dulles plan, including Himmler, and presumably, the White House (7). “The stumbling block was the question of how the SS could get rid of Hitler” (7). Himmler wished to make Hitler an “honorary president.”
The entire plan of replacing Hitler, however, went awry, when, according to Dulles (4), Hitler became aware of the plan due to “some Allied agency neither American or British.”(6).
Dulles then began negotiating with Obergrappenfuhrer Karl Wolff (4), Himmler’s “senior aid” and the “Head of his Personal Staff.” Wolff “knew all the murkiest secrets of SS headquarters.”
This too came to naught, perhaps because Hitler learned of the meetings with Dulles. Curiously, Hitler seemed to know Dulles personally, and thus did not object to these meetings. In April, 1945, for example, Hitler summoned Wolff and asked him about Dulles (7,8). Wolf replied: “I am happy to report to you, my Fuhrer, that I have succeeded in opening doors through Mr. Dulles.” After further discussion, Hitler relied: “Go back to Italy. Keep up your relationship with Dulles and the Americans.”
By this late stage of the game, it was clear that Germany had lost the War. It was also clear that it would be impossible to install Himmler as the leader of Germany, though, that hope was actually kept alive until the final weeks of the war.
Dulles and the Bush gang had lots of Nazi “friends” including hundreds of men who wore the dreaded SS death head. Many of these were Nazi businessmen—men who, in the name of profits, enslaved, starved, and worked to death, millions of men and women.
When the war ended, Dulles acted to insure that Nazi businessmen would escape punishment with their fortunes intact. He also helped thousands of high ranking SS officers to escape.
Dulles was not acting out of kindness. He wanted to put these men to work as spies who would murder and kill in the name of the good ‘ol USA. Even before the war ended, Dulles had begun recruiting Gestapo agents, that is, members of the German Order of Skull and Bones, the Brotherhood of Death, into what would become the American version of the Gestapo, the CIA (5,6).
As recently revealed by the CIA (5) and as documented by Christopher Simpson, in his extensively researched book, Blowback (10), “hundreds of convicted Nazi war criminals” were “smuggled out of Germany to avoid prosecution at the war crimes trials at Nuremberg.” They were “recruited by, and were put on the payroll of several U.S. government agencies, including the Army CIC, the OSS, and the Office of Policy Coordination within the State Department.”
Dulles was well rewarded for his work on behalf of his Nazi friends and American business partners. He became the first director of the CIA.
Once the war ended, thousands of SS men, murderers, torturers, killers of women, children and babies, were recruited by Dulles, including, as admitted by the CIA on April 29, 2001 (11), Klaus Barbie, the infamous “Butcher of Lyon.” Barbie was eventually convicted of crimes against humanity by a French court.
SS Nazi Major General Walter Dornberger was yet another “butcher” recruited by Dulles. Dornberger had been sentenced to death by hanging for war crimes. With the help of Dulles he escaped his fate, and was welcomed with open arms into what would become the CIA (5).
As revealed by the National Archives, as admitted by the CIA, and as reported by BBC and UPI (5), the CIA employed high ranking Nazis, including Nazi General Reinhard Gehlen who placed his Nazi spy ring at the disposal of Dulles following the close of WWII. Gehlen’s Nazi CIA spy ring, became known as “the Gehlen Organization and received millions of dollars in funding from the U.S. until 1956″ (11).
Gehlen was Hitler’s senior intelligence officer on the Eastern Front during the war and was responsible for the torture and murder of millions of Soviet prisoners of war. However, instead of being brought to justice, Gehlen’s network of SS and Gestapo Nazi agents, were secretly released from prisoner of war camps by U.S. intelligence officers at the urging of Allen Dulles.
According to T. H. Tetens author of “The New Germany and the Old Nazis, “Gehlen “immediately asked for an interview with the commanding officer ” and offered the United States “his intelligence staff, spy apparatus, and the priceless files for future service.”
Dulles made personal arrangements for Gehlen to be sent to Washington where his offer was accepted. “The Pentagon-Gehlen agreement,” states Tetens (12), “in practice guaranteed the continuation of the all-important Abwehr division of the German General Staff. Hundreds of German army and SS officers were quietly released from internment camps and joined Gehlen’s headquarters in the Spessart Mountains in central Germany. When the staff had grown to three thousand men, the Bureau Gehlen opened a closely guarded twenty-five-acre compound near Pullach, south of Munich, operating under the innocent name of the South German Industrial Development Organization.”
“In the early fifties it was estimated that the organization employed up to 4,000 intelligence specialists in Germany, mainly former army and SS officers, and more than 4,000 V-men (undercover agents). Gehlen’s spy network stretched from Korea to Cairo, from Siberia to Santiago de Chile. Within a few years the Gehlen apparatus had grown by leaps and bounds” (12).
As summed up by Tetens (12), “the short period of 1950-51 must be marked as the time when Hitler’s old officers, SS leaders, and [Nazi] party functionaries returned to power and influence.”
A US Justice Department spokesman, Eli Rosenbaum, said “the files demonstrated that the real winners of the war were Nazi war criminals.”
Allen Dulles, in his book “The Secret Surrender,” justifies his use of Gestapo agents, by making a distinction between “good” and “bad” Nazis. Standartenfuehrer Eugen Dollmann, Himmler’s representative in Rome, was a “good” Nazi, as was SS Obergrappenfuehrer Karl Wolff.
In November, 1938, this “good” Nazi, Karl Wolff played a major role in the atrocities of “Kristallnacht” (the night of broken glass), during which 20,000 German Jews were attacked, beaten up, their homes and business burnt, and then sent to concentration camps where they were tortured, starved, and murdered.
After the conquest of Poland, Wolf sent a letter to Himmler which read as follows: “For your letter of July 28th, 1942,1 thank you—also in the name of the Reichsfuehrer SS—sincerely. With particular joy I noted your assurance that for two weeks now a train has been carrying, every day, 5000 members of the Chosen People to Treblinka, so that we are now in a position to carry through this ‘population movement.’ With best regards and Heil Hitler!”
Thus, in the mind of Dulles and his CIA, there are “good” sadists and mass murderers such as Wolff and even SS chief, Himmler, and those that are bad sadists and murderers, i.e. communists and labor leaders.
The CIA, thus, became a Nazi refuge and would soon become an instrument of Nazi-like terror. The CIA, like the Gestapo, would employ espionage, propaganda, terror, chemical and biological warfare, including the purposeful infection and murder of innocent American and foreign citizens, to obtain its objectives (13, see also chapter 8). And, like the Gestapo, the CIA would be, as it still is, above the law, and its agents would be encouraged to break the law and to commit crimes against humanity.
“Hitherto acceptable norms of human conduct do not apply. If the United States is to survive, long-standing American concepts of ‘fair play’ must be reconsidered. We must develop effective espionage and counterespionage services and must learn to subvert, sabotage and destroy our enemies by more clever, more sophisticated, and more effective methods than those used against us. It may become necessary that the American people be made acquainted with, understand and support this fundamentally repugnant philosophy.” —General James Doolittle, report to President Eisenhower, 1954.
“The CS is the only part of the IC [intelligence community], indeed of the government, where hundreds of employees on a daily basis are directed to break extremely serious laws in countries around the world. A safe estimate is that several hundred times every day (easily 100,000 times a year) DO officers engage in highly illegal activities that not only risk political embarrassment to the US but also endanger the freedom if not lives of the participating foreign nationals and, more than occasional^, of the clandestine officer himself.” —Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, House of Representatives, 104th Congress, 1996.
“Over the past fifty years, it is now documented, these Americanized fugitive Nazi war criminals have been involved in, and in many cases in charge of U.S. government covert operations — international weapons smuggling, drug cartels, Central American death squads, right wing anti-communist dictatorships, LSD mind control experiments — the Republican National Committee’s Ethnic Heritage Councils, and the Presidential campaigns of Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, and George Bush” (12).
Hitler’s dream and his SS essentially became the CIA.
Indeed, the Dulles, Bush, Harriman, Rockefeller clique, like Hitler before them, would employ Nazi-CIA terrorists not just for spying and murder, but as instruments to be used for gaining incredible wealth, as well as political power, and as yet another means of gaining control over the United States government.
Whether Neo-Cons or “Liberals”, More Proof Cabal Fascists in Control
Confirming the Worst Suspicions: Our Leaders Back Neo-Nazis Here and Abroad, Spreading a “Democracy” We Don’t Have
Here’s an idea: let’s focus on getting our democracy back before claiming we can do it for others.
After Princeton released a key study finding we no longer have a democracy, and French economist Thomas Piketty rocked the world with a book detailing just how harmful such oligarchies have proven now and throughout history, Sen. Bernie Sanders asked the fed chair at a recent hearing whether we have a democracy or oligarchy (rule by a few wealthy elites). She couldn’t say.
This is critical. Wikipedia’s entry notes “Such states [oligarchies] are often controlled by a few prominent families who typically pass their influence from one generation to the next, but inheritance is not a necessary condition for the application of this term.” The corporate media is already selling this to you by implying you only have a choice between the Bush Dynasty (Jeb Bush) and a Clinton Dynasty (Hillary Clinton).
Today, in the so-called quest to bring a democracy to the Ukraine which we don’t have ourselves, fascist elements in the same Wall Street cabal are supporting neo-Nazis implicated in the most heinous Right Sector atrocities of May 2, 2014. Ostensibly, it’s being done to free the Ukraine from Russia’s imperialist land grab but in truth it’s all about oil, Russian oil. Russia is the world’s largest oil producer and has the world’s largest natural gas reserves, and the people behind the petrodollar don’t like having to cede European customers.
A Ukrainian ally, even if neo-Nazi, is fine with Wall Street and its puppets in Washington, DC. In other words, this is the kind of democracy they want in the Ukraine. At least 42 perished in the massacre pictured, with hundreds injured and many still missing. There’s a lot of money at stake, for American companies, but let’s not kid ourselves: it isn’t money that you would see as taxable wealth or jobs. It is simply money that would feed the corporate beast behind the fascism we’re enduring here.
Project Censored: US Establishment Media Neglects Neo-Nazi Role in Ukraine Uprising
April 7, 2014
Despite evidence to the contrary, US policy makers and corporate media have intentionally neglected to report that neo-Nazi militias played a central role in the February 22, 2014 overthrow of President Viktor Yanukovych. Robert Parry reports, “The U.S. media’s take on the Ukraine crisis is that a ‘democratic revolution’ ousted President Viktor Yanukovych, followed by a ‘legitimate’ change of government. So, to mention the key role played neo-Nazi militias in the putsch or to note that Yanukovych was democratically elected – and then illegally deposed – gets you dismissed as a ‘Russian propagandist.’”
Veterans Today: Weakened US unable to fight more wars
They aren’t just “quit” or retired, in truth, America has had well over 100,000 combat related deaths tied to Desert Storm and the Global War on Terror that it has failed to report. Some, well over 10,000, are from mysterious “Gulf War Syndrome,” reputed to be a “cocktail” of radiation and chemical exposure along with experimental vaccines.
However, the majority are suicides. In 2009, a press release from the Department of Veterans Affairs cited 30,000 “veteran suicides” among those who served post 9/11. Within a day, that figure was never to be seen again and the machinery of disinformation went into high gear. For the past five years there have only been reports of so many “deaths per minute” or fractional counts from active duty personnel.
US energy giant Chevron signed a similar deal for $10 billion last year, but it is focusing on developing shale gas reserves in the West of Ukraine…. Yet it’s not just energy giants that have a stake in Ukraine’s reserves. The recent appointment of the US Vice President’s son, Hunter Biden, to the board of directors of Ukraine’s largest private gas producer, Burisma Holdings, has put the Ukrainian shale gas development deal into a new perspective. Burisma holds licenses covering the Dnieper-Donets basin in the eastern Ukraine and Biden jr. is not the only American with political ties to have recently joined the company’s board. Devon Archer, a former senior advisor to current Secretary of State John Kerry’s 2004 presidential campaign and a college roommate of Kerry’s stepson, signed up with Burisma in April.
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German Chancellor Angela Merkel was booed upon entering a CDU campaign event in Berlin, Wednesday, with people holding signs that ranged from ‘Europe is strong only with Russia’ to ‘Stop the Nazis in the Ukraine’. Merkel was in Berlin to make an appearance for the Christian Democrats Union (CDU) party campaign for the upcoming European parliamentary elections, set to take place on May 25.
1). John Loftus and Mark Aarons. “The Secret War Against The Jews” St. Martins Press, New York, 1994;
2). Anthony Sutton, “Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler,” Charles Higham, ‘Trading with the Enemy: An Expose of the Nazi-American Money Plot 1933-1949,” Delacorte Press, 1983; Christopher Simpson, “The Splendid Blond Beast.”
3). The Dulles family believed themselves to be of royal blood, claiming they could ” trace its ancestry to Charlemagne” (New York Times 5/25/ 1959 ). The Dulles family had also been intimately involved in American politics since the 1800s, and were not just influential but rich. John Watson Foster, the Dulles brother’s grandfather, became a brigadier general in the Civil War, United States Minister to Mexico and Russia, Secretary of State under President Benjamin Harrison, and amassed a huge fortune. The Dulles brothers first sought access to the White House in 1940, supporting a Republican lawyer for the “mob,” Thomas E. Dewey, for President. Dewey lost the nomination to Wendell L. Willkie in 1940 (who in turn lost to Roosevelt). Dewey again sought the Presidency, with Dulles acting as his chief advisor, but lost to Roosevelt in 1944 and then again in 1948, when he lost to Truman. Dewey became governor of New York.
4). Allen Dulles, “From Hitler’s Doorstep: The Wartime Intelligence Reports of Allen Dulles, 1942-1945,” Pennsylvania State Univ Press, 1996; Allen Dulles, “The Secret Surrender.”
5). BBC News, 9/17/2001; UPI9/20/2000; National Archives, 9/17/2001; Charles Higham, “American Swastika: The Shocking Story of Nazi Collaborators in Our Midst from 1933 to the Present Day,” Doubleday, 1985.
6). Burton Hersh, “The Old Boys: The American Elite and the Origins of the CIA,” Tree Farm Books, 2001.
7). Heinz Hohne. The Order of the Death’s Head.” Ballantine, New York. 1967.
8). J. Toland. “Adolf Hitler,” Doubleday, New York, 1976; W. L. S hirer. “The Rise & Fall of the Third Reich.” Fawcett World Library, New York, 1960.
9). Anthony Sutton, “America’s Secret Establishment: An introduction to The Order of Skull & Bones” Liberty House, New York. 1986; Ron Rosenbaum, “The Last Secrets of Skull and Bones,” Esquire Magazine, September, 1977; Peggy Alder-Robohm, “Skull and Bones—Bush’s Boy’s Club,” Covert Action Quarterly No. 33, 1990; John Schrag, “Skeleton in His Closet,” Willamette Week, September 19-25,1991; David W. Dunlap, “Yale Society Resists Peeks Into Its Crypt,” New York Times, 11/4/88.
10). Christopher Simpson, “Blowback.”
11). National Archives, 9/17/2001; UPI9/20/2000.
12). T. H. Tetens, “The New Germany and the Old Nazis.”
13). Audrey R. Kahin, George McT Kahin, “Subversion As Foreign Policy: The Secret Eisenhower and Dulles Debacle in Indonesia;” University of Washington Press, 1997; Vitaly, Syrokomsky, “International Terrorism and the CIA: Documents, Eyewitness Reports, Facts,” Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1983; James A. Bill,” The Eagle and the Lion: The Tragedy of American-Iranian Relations,”Yale University Press, 1988; R. Harris Smith, “OSS: The Secret History of America’s First Central Intelligence Agency,” University of California Press, 1972; Fletcher Prouty, “The Secret Team: The CIA and Its Allies in Control of the U.S. and the World,” Prentice Hall, 1973; Jonathan Kwitney, “The Crimes of Patriots: A True Tale of Dope, Dirty Money & the CIA,” WW Norton, 1987; Rodney Stich, “Defrauding America: A Partem Of Related Scandals — Dirty Secrets Of The CIA And Other Government Operations,” Diablo Western Press, 1993; William Blum, “Killing Hope: US Military and CIA Intervention Since WWII,” Common Courage Press, 1995; Report to the President by the Commission on CIA Activities Within the United States, Washington, DC. 1975.
14). R. Harris Smith, “OSS: The Secret History of America’s First Central Intelligence Agency,” University of California Press, 1972.
15). The Central Intelligence Agency Act, 1949. United States Congress.
16). John Stockwell, “The Secret Wars of the CIA.” Speech given on 10/10/1987.
17). Richard Milhous Nixon, “The Memoirs of Richard Nixon,” Richard Nixon Library Editions, 1990.
18). Russell Bowen, “The Immaculate Deception;” Charles Higham, “American Swastika: The Shocking Story of Nazi Collaborators in Our Midst from 1933 to the Present Day,” Doubleday, 1985; T. H. Tetens, “The New Germany and the Old Nazis;” Christopher Simpson, “Blowback;” Robert J. Groden & Harrison Edward Livingstone, “High Treason.”
19). Robert J. Groden & Harrison Edward Livingstone, “High Treason.”
20). James Petras & Morris Morley, “The United States and Chile: Imperialism and the Overthrow of the Allende Government,” Monthly Review Press, 1975.
21). Regis Debray, “The Chilean Revolution: Conversations with Allende,” Pantheon, 1972; PaulM. Sweezy, “Revolution andCounter-Revo-lution in Chile,” Monthly Review Press, 1974.
22). Tim Weiner, “How the CIA Took Aim at Allende,” New York Times, 9/12/1998; Paul M. Sweezy, “Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Chile,” Monthly Review Press, 1974.
23). Miguel Gonzalez Pino, et al., “Los mil dias de Allende II,” Santiago, Chile: Centro de Estudios Poeblicos, 1997.
24). Gonzalez Pino, “Allende concita atenci—n de la prensa mundial,” LaTarde, 9/7/1970.
25). “CIA plot against Allende: Operating guidance cable,” 10/16/ 1970. “CIA, Operating Guidance Cable on Coup Plotting, October 16,1970.” In this cable, Thomas Karamessines, CIA deputy director, conveys Kissinger’s orders to Henry Hecksher, CIA station chief in Santiago, and includes the following statements: “It is firm and continuing policy that Allende be overthrown by a coup.” The “operating guidance” is to hide the “American hand.” The CIA is instructed to ignore any orders which are not consistent with this guidance cable. “CIA, Memorandum of Conversation of Meeting with Henry Kissinger, Thomas Karamessines, and Alexander Haig, October 15,1970.” This Memorandum includes a discussion of covert plans promoting a coup in Chile, and the overthrow of Allende, known as “Track II.” Kissinger orders the CIA to “continue keeping the pressure on every Allende weak spot in sight.”
26). Robinson Rojas Sandford, “The Murder of Allende and the End of the Chilean Way of Socialism,” Harper & Row, 1976; Paul M. Sweezy, “Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Chile,” Monthly Review Press, 1974.
27). Department of State, “Chilean Executions,” Memo, 11/16/1973; Tim Weiner, “How the CIA Took Aim at Allende,” New York Times, 9/12/ 1998; Thomas Hauser, Missing: The Execution of Charles Horman,” Simon & Schuster, 1983; Thomas C. Wright & Rody Onate, eds., Flight from Chile : Voices of Exile,” University of New Mexico Press, 1998; FBI Report to Chilean Military on Detainee, 6/6/1975.
28). Department of State, “Kubisch-Huerta Meeting: Request for Specific Replies to Previous Questions on Horman and Teraggi Cases,” 2/ 11/1974; “FBI Report to Chilean Military on Detainee,” 6/6/1975 – This 1975 document, sent by FBI attache Robert Scherrer to Chilean General Ernesto Baeza, records U.S. collaboration with Chile’s security forces. The CIA promises to provide surveillance of Chilean citizens and other sympathizers inside the United States. This document also describes “Operation Condor.” Condor was actually a network of secret police agencies in Argentina, Paraguay, Venezuela, Nicaragua, and Chile, who were coordinated by the CIA for the purposes of tracking, capturing, torturing, and killing dissidents, including those inside the United States, and including the citizens of other countries. “FBI, Operation Condor Cable,” 9/28/1976 – This cable was written also written Robert Scherrer, the FBI’s attache in Buenos Aires. This cable summarizes intelligence information and details Operation Condor, the joint intelligence operation designed to “eliminate Marxist terrorist activities in the area.” The cable goes on to provide information about “special teams” which travel “anywhere in the world… to carry out assassination against terrorists or supporters of terrorist organizations.”
29). John Dean, “Blind Ambition: The White House Years,” Simon & Schuster, 1976; Elizabeth Drew, “Washington Journal: The Events of 1973-1974,” Macmillan, 1984; Carl Bernstein & Bob Woodward, “All the President’s Men,” Simon & Schuster, 1974; Theodore H. White, “Breach of Faith: The Fall of Richard Nixon,” Atheneum-Reader’s Digest, 1975.
30). Webster G. Tarpley & Anton Chaitkin, “George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography,” The Executive Intelligence Review.
31). Carl Bernstein & Bob Woodward, “All the President’s Men,” Simon & Schuster, 1974.
32). James A. Bill, “The Eagle and the Lion: The Tragedy of American-Iranian Relations.” Yale University Press, 1988.
33). Rockefeller, and his clone, Henry Kissinger, also played a role in the downfall of the Shah, in 1978 and the subsequent Iranian hostage crises which resulted. The Shah was a hated, brutal, dictators, and it was the job of his secret police, SAVAK, to keep the rabble terrorized and under control. But it was precisely because of his despotic rule that the Iranian people increasingly rebelled, and then welcomed the return of Iran’s spiritual leader, the Ayatollah Khomeni. As more and more riots broke out, the Rockefeller and the Rockefeller owned, Chase Manhattan bank (which had loaned the Shah incredible sums of money, pressured the CIA which pressured SAVAK to employ increasingly horrific measures which finally trigged the Iranian revolution. The synthesis of this Hegelian dialectic was that Rockefeller and Chase Manhattan Bank came out ahead of the game and with more money that if the Shah had stayed in power. As detailed by James Brill (23), after the revolution, private policy makers such as Kissinger and Rockefeller managed one last scam. Chase Manhattan Bank appealed to the U.S. government and the courts, claiming that the new Iranian government might withdraw their funds from the bank and repudiate the shah’s loans. Rockefeller/Chase was demanding that it be awarded all Iranian assets, which was far and beyond what was owed. The new Iranian government pledged to repay those loans. The new Iranian government, however, also demanded the return of property and funds stolen by the Shah, and that the Shah—who was in exile in another country, be returned to Iran. Kissinger and Rockefeller figured they had nothing to lose and everything to gain if they could provoke a crisis. They began lobbying Washington for the admission of the Shah into the U.S. and their wishes were granted. This resulted in the Iranian takeover of the U.S. embassy, the hostage crisis, the freezing of Iranian assets, and a declaration of default by Chase which allowed Chase to seize Iranian assets to offset the loans. In the end, the Iranian-hostage the crisis clearly benefited the American banking community.”
34). Stephen Shlesinger & Stephen Kinzer, “Bitter Fruit: the Untold Story of the American Coup in Guatemala,” Anchor Press, 1990.
35). Stacy May & Galo Plaza, “The United Fruit Company in Latin America,” Washington, National Planning Association, 1957; Alejandra Batres, “The Experience of the Guatemalan United Fruit Company Workers, 1944-1954: Why Did They Fail?” Texas Papers on Latin America, Paper No. 95-01, University of Texas at Austin, 1995; Paul Dosal, “Doing Business with the Dictators : a Political History of United Fruit in Guatemala, 1899-1944,” SR Books, 1993; Thomas, McCann, “An American Company: the Tragedy of United Fruit,” Crown, 1976. CIA operative, E. Howard Hunt, who played a major role in the overthrow of Jacobo Arbenz in Guatemala, later told that “I felt a little bit betrayed when I learned that… the reason [for the overthrow] was because Thomas Corcoran, the famous lobbyist working for the United Fruit Company, had persuaded Eisenhower and some other high dignitaries to do something about it. I thought, ‘Hey, you know, I’m working for the United States of America, I’m not a hireling for United Fruit.’”
36). Jay Mallin, “Fulgencio Batista: Ousted Cuban Dictator,” Story House Corp, 1974; Marifeli Perez-Stable, “The Cuban Revolution: Origins, Course, and Legacy,” Oxford University Press, 1998.
37). Ernesto Che Guevara, “Episodes of the Cuban Revolutionary War 1956-58,” Pathfinder Press, 1996. Julia E. Sweig, “Inside the Cuban Revolution: Fidel Castro and the Urban Underground,” Harvard Univ Press,
38). Syrokomsky, Vitaly, “International Terrorism and the CIA: Documents, Eyewitness Reports, Facts,” Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1983.
39). Peter Kombluh (Editor), “Bay of Pigs Declassified: The Secret CIA Report on the Invasion of Cuba, National Security Archive Documents Reader,” New Press, 1998; James G. Blight & Peter Kornbluh (Editors), “Politics of Illusion: The Bay of Pigs Invasion Reexamined,” Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1998.
40). Marifeli Perez-Stable, “The Cuban Revolution: Origins, Course, and Legacy,” Oxford University Press, 1998.
41). Donald Freed, “Death in Washington,” Westport Press, 1980.
42. The “Stab in the Back” was a term used by Hitler and the Nazis to explain Germany’s surrender in WWI. Hitler blamed communists and the new democratic leadership which had assumed power in Germany.
43). E. Howard Hunt, “Give Us This Day,” New Rochelle: Arlington House, 1973.
44). Graham T. Allison, Philip Zelikow, “Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban M issile Crisis;” Michael R. B eschloss, The Crisis Years: Kennedy and Khrushchev, 1960-63,” Edward Burlingame Books, 1991.
45). John Bartlow Martin, “Third Oral History Interview with Robert F. Kennedy,” 4/30/64. John F. Kennedy Library; John M. Newman, “JFK and Vietnam: Deception, Intrigue, And The Struggle For Power.”
46). Arnold, James R. “The First Domino: Eisenhower, the Military and America’s Intervention in Vietnam,” Morrow, 1991.
47). Archimedes Patti, “Why Viet Nam? Prelude to America’s Albatross. Berkeley,” University of California Press, 1980; Surveillant, “A chronological account — from 1945 to 1962 — of the decisions that led to America’s military commitment in Vietnam.”
48). Anderson, David L. “J. Lawton Collins, John Foster Dulles, and the Eisenhower Administration’s Point of No Return in Vietnam.” Diplomatic History, 12,127-147,1988.
49). Gibbons, William C. “The U.S. Government and the Vietnam War: Executive and Legislative Roles and Relationships,” Princeton University Press, 1986-1989.
50). Morrow, Robert D. “Betrayal,” Henry Regnery Company, 1976; Warren Hinckle & William Turner, “Deadly Secrets: The CIA-Mafia War Against Castro and the Assassination of J.F.K.” Thunder’s Mouth, 1992; Robert Groden & Harrison Livingstone. “High Treason: The Assassination of John F. Kennedy and the New Evidence of Conspiracy,” Berkley Books, 1989.
51|. Mark Lane. “Plausible Denial. “Thunder’s Mouth. 1991: Mark North, “Act of Treason: The Role of J. Edgar Hoover in ihe Assassination of President Kennedy” Carroll & Graf. 1991: C. Robert Blakey & Richard N. Billings. “The Plot to Kill the President.” Times Books. 1981: Robert Sam Anson. “They’ve Killed The President!” Bantam, 1975.
52). “Report of the Warren Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy.” Bantam. 1964.
53). Madeleine Brown, “Texas In The Morning.”
54). Robert Grogen. “The Killing of a President: The Complete Photographic Record of the JFK Assassination, the Coaspiraey, and the Cover-up. New York: Viking Studio Books. 1994: Robert Grogen. The Search for Lee Harvey Oswald: The Complete Photographic Record.” Penguin Studio. 1995.
55) Several independent experts, including Vincent Salandria. Professor Josiah Thompson and Ray Marcus, have argued that the “third” shot, which struck Kennedy in the head, was actually two nearly simultaneous shots, one coming from the right front (the grassy knoll) and the other from the rear. In large part this argument is based on Vincent Salandria’s “Head Movement Theory” (Esquire. 12/1966) i.e. that the sudden and different movements of Kennedy’s head—which are apparent when a frame by frame analysis of the Zapruder film of the assassination— are due to two almost simultaneous bullets striking his head. Thus the third shot was really a third and fourth shot. This explanation is also consistent with the large number of witnesses who heard seven or eight shots. Aclose analysis of the Zapruder film which captured the entire assassination, shows Kennedy reaching up toward his throat, and then we see an explosion of red mushrooming from the right which is then followed, almost immediately, by the explosion of the back of Kennedy’s head as his skull and portioas of his brain are splashed onto the back of his limousine. We also see his head being thrown back— which is consistent with Newton’s second law of motion—i.e. that an object struck by a projectile will be driven in the same direction as that of the projectile. Likewise, it is clear from the Zapruder film that the bullet struck the right temporal region of his head. It is also evident from autopsy photos that the right temporal injury is rather small, whereas the left parietal injur)’ is massive. It would thus be expected that his left parietal skull and brain would be ejected, as entry wounds are almost always smaller than exit wounds which tends to blow outward. As the book depository was behind Kennedy, it is thus rather apparent that a right frontal entry was not caused by a bullet fired from behind.
56). Orvillc Nix. a UP1 photographer, was standing opposite the grassy knoll taking pictures. An analysis of the Nix film showed what looked to be a car with a man standing on it holding what appeared to be a rifle that to be pointed in the direction of Kennedy’s car. Maurice Schonfeld, Jack Fox, and Burt Reinhardt, all of U.RI. also believe the photograph shows a man pointing a rifle. UPI reporter, Jack Fox subsequently interviewed several witnesses to the assassination. S. M. Holland, who was standing on the overpass, told Fox there were four shots: “…the first came from the book building and hit the President. The second came from the same place and hit Governor John Connally….The third shot came from behind the picket fence to the north of Elm Street. There was a puff of smoke under the trees like someone had thrown out a Chinese firecracker and a report entirely different from the one which was fired from the book building.” Seven other witnesses on the overpass also saw a puff of smoke rising. J. M. Smith, a Dallas policeman, claimed to have “caught the smell of gunpowder” behind the wooden fence. Holland also claimed he ran toward the fence and saw a station wagon with two muddy marks on the bumper “as if someone had stood there to look over the fence.”
57). The “magic bullet,” according to the Warren Commission, entered Kennedy’s back, turned upward and exited his neck, then it struck Connally in the back, turned right and struck Connally in the wrist, and then turned left and entered Connally’s thigh, and then, it fell out on Connally’s stretcher in the Dallas hospital where he had been taken. Others, such as Mark Lane, Vincent Salandria, Ray Marcus, Leo Sauvage, Harold Weisberg, and Professors Richard H. Popkin and Josiah Thompson, propose a more logical explanation for the “magic bullet.” The bullet was fired from Oswald’s rifle before the assassination and then it was left on the Connally’s stretcher, where it was found later that day. Also, three doctors, Finck, Humes, and Shaw testified that bullet fragments were found in Connally’s wrist whereas the bullet found on the stretcher only had a slight dent, as if it had been shot into something soft, like a pillow.
58). Theodore H. White’s The Making of the President, 1964. “On the flight [back to Washington aboard Air Force One] the party learned that there was no conspiracy; learned of the identity of Oswald and his arrest.” Air Force landed in Washington at 4:58 p.m. Dallas time. According to Dallas District Attorney Henry M. Wade he had received a number of telephone calls from the FBI, the State Department and White House, that afternoon, and the calls continued into the evening.
59). John McCloy served as a Member of Committee on the National Security Organization from 1948 to 1949. Because of his extensive business connections with Germany prior to and during the war (serving Rockefeller-Nazi interests), he served, at the urgings of Rockefeller and the Dulles brothers, as US Military Governor and High Commissioner for Germany from 1949 until 1952. In 1953 until 1960, he served as Chairman of the Board, Chase National Bank and then, after it merged with another bank, the Chase Manhattan Bank. During the war, IG Farben owned 40% of Chase stock, whereas Rockefeller owned much of the rest.
60. Newsweek 12/1/98. Daily News 12/21/98: “Chase National Bank – the precursor of today’s Chase Manhattan Bank, helped the Nazis to plunder Jewish property in France during World War II. The New York-based bank controlled by the Rockefeller family closed Jewish accounts even before the Germans ordered them to do so and did business with the Nazis while they were sending Jews to the gas chambers. And while the U.S. was at war with the Nazis, Chase also helped German banks do business with their overseas branches. Chase Manhattan is now the largest bank company in the U.S. with more than $300 billion in assets. Lawyers representing Holocaust survivors” named “Chase Manhattan in their lawsuit” and “another big U.S. bank, J.R Morgan. While many other U.S. businesses and banks closed down their Paris operations after France fell to the Germans, Chase National remained open and even thrived. The relationship between Chase and the Nazis apparently was so cozy that Carlos Niedermann, the Chase branch chief in Paris, wrote his supervisor in Manhattan that the bank enjoyed ‘very special esteem’ with top German officials and ‘a rapid expansion of deposits.’ Niedermann’s letter was written in May 1942 – five months after the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor and the U.S. also went to war with Germany.”
61). Daily News, 12/24/98, “Chase Named In Holocaust-Asset Suit. Two American banks were named in a class-action lawsuit yesterday that accuses them of collaborating with the Nazis to deprive Jewish depositors of their rightful assets. ‘They froze and blocked Jewish accounts during the period of the Nazi occupation in France, depriving Jewish families of the financial means to flee France,’ said attorney Kenneth McCallion, who filed the suit against Chase Manhattan Bank, J.P. Morgan and seven French banks. McCallion charges Chase’s Paris branch – with full backing of its New York office – displayed “excessive zeal” in enforcing anti-Jewish laws and was held in “very special esteem” by Vichy authorities. Court papers also say Chase prospered under German occupation, nearly doubling its deposits between 1942 and 1944 from 27 million to more than 50 million French francs. Chase officials said in a statement that it has been in settlement talks with the World Jewish Congress for several weeks and that it was disappointed that an ‘unnecessary” lawsuit has been filed.”
62. NMT, IG. Farben case, Volumes VII and VIII, pp. 1304-1311; “Elimination of German Resources, p. 1085.”
63). The CIA have a huge network of contract killers that can be called upon from any country, and imported into any country, for the purposes of terrorism and murder, including the murder of politicians and presidents. For example, as revealed in a cable written FBI attache Robert Scherrer, “FBI, Operation Condor Cable,” 9/28/1976, the CIA maintains a joint intelligence operation involving a network of secret police agencies and “special teams” which travel “anywhere in the world… to carry out assassination against terrorists or supporters of terrorist organizations,” including individuals or organizations inside the United States.
64). CIA contract agent and electronics expert, Robert D. Morrow, in his book, First Hand Knowledge—How I participated in the CIA-Mafia Murder of President Kennedy, claims that in July of 1963, Tracy Barnes, CIA head of Domestic Operations ordered him to procure “four Mannlicher 7.35 mm surplus rifles. I received a second phone call. It was del Valle calling from, I assumed, Miami. He asked me to supply him with four transceivers which were not detectable by any communications equipment then available on the market. I told him that I could provide him with sub-miniaturized units whose operation would be confined to a range of fifty or one hundred kilohertz. To operate any sizable distance, the units would require an antenna at least several feet in length. A wire taped to the user’s leg would easily suffice for this purpose. Del Valle then requested that I deliver the transceivers and the rifles to David Ferrie. Del Valle explained to me that the rifles and communications equipment were for his Free Cuba Committee, and that Clay and Ferrie were assisting him in the operation. Then he dropped the bomb. Del Valle exclaimed, “They had better be perfect, compadre. They are for Texas! …Kennedy is going to get it in Dallas!”
65). Jim Oliphant. Legal Times, 6/21/2000
66). Robert Groden & Harrison Livingstone. “High Treason: The Assassination of John F. Kennedy and the New Evidence of Conspiracy,” Berkley Books, 1989; Mark North, “Act of Treason: The Role of J. Edgar Hoover in the Assassination of President Kennedy,” Carroll & Graf, 1991.
67). Edward Jay Epstein, “Legend: The Secret World of Lee Harvey Oswald,” Hutchinson, 1978.
68). Richard H. Immerman, “John Foster Dulles: Piety, Pragmatism, and Power in U.S. Foreign Policy,” Scholarly Resources, 1999; Richard H. Immerman (Editor), “John Foster Dulles and the Diplomacy of the Cold War,” Princeton University Press, 1992.
69). Tom Wicker & Arthur M. Schlesinger, “Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953-1961,”Times Books, 2000; Robert R. Bowie & Richard H. Immerman, “Waging Peace: How Eisenhower Shaped an Enduring Cold War Strategy,” Oxford University Press, 2000.
70). Fred J. Cook, “The U-2 Incident, May, 1960: An American Spy Plane Downed over Russia Intensifies the Cold War,” Franklin Watts, 1973.
71). John M. Newman, “Oswald and the CIA,” 1995.
72). Haldeman, “The Ends of Power”,
73). Joseph McBride, ‘”George Bush,’ CIA Operative,” The Nation, July 16,1988.
74). Bob Woodward & Carl Bernstein, “The Final Days,” Avon Books. 75). Victor Marchetti, The Spotlight, Liberty Lobby, 8/14/1978. 76). CNN, “Howard Hunt: CIA Operative, Central America,” 9/1997 & 10/1997.
77). “Operation Zapata.” See page 89, Michael R. Beschloss, The Crisis Years: Kennedy and Khrushchev, 1960-63,” Edward Burlingame Books, 1991.
78). “Houston” and “Barbara” were the names of two of the ships used in the Bay of Pigs. See pages 79-80, Quintin Pino Machado, “La Batalla de Giron,” La Habana: Editorial de Ciencias Sociales, 1983; and see pages 98-99, “Schumacher, Operation Pluto,” and Peter Wyden, “Bay of Pigs, The Untold Story,” Simon and Shuster, 1979.
79). “Date: November 29,1963 To: Director Bureau of Intelligence and Research Department of State From: John Edgar Hoover, Director Subject: ASSASSINATION OF PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY NOVEMBER 22, 1963 Our Miami, Florida, Office on November 23, 1963 advised that the Office of Coordinator of Cuban Affairs in Miami advised that the Department of State feels some misguided anti-Castro group might capitalize on the present situation and undertake an unauthorized raid against Cuba, believing that the assassination of President John F. Kennedy might herald a change in US policy, which is not true. Our sources and informants familiar with Cuban matters in the Miami area advise that the general feeling in the anti-Castro Cuban community is one of stunned disbelief and, even among those who did not entirely agree with the President’s policy concerning Cuba, the feeling is that the President’s death represents a great loss not only to the US but to all Latin America. These sources know of no plans for unauthorized action against Cuba. An informant who has furnished reliable information in the past and who is close to a small pro-Castro group in Miami has advised that those individuals are afraid that the assassination of the President may result in strong repressive measures being taken against them and, although pro-Castro in their feelings, regret the assassination. The substance of the foregoing information was orally furnished to Mr. George Bush of the Central Intelligence Agency and Captain William Edwards of the Defense Intelligence Agency on November 23, 1963, by Mr. W.T. Forsyth of this Bureau.”
80). “Report to the President by the Commission on CIA Activities Within the United States,” Washington: US Government Printing Office, 1975, pp. 251-267.
81). Georgie Anne Geyer, “Guerrilla Prince,” Little, Brown, 1991.
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