Smithsonian: Washington British Loyalist

A recent Smithsonian magazine article features a whitewash of Scottish Rite history that would be laughable if it wasn’t so misleading and obscene. The article fails to note that freemasons can splinter into opposing and warring factions and sometimes do, and that the Revolutionary War was one such example. In the Revolutionary War, French masons who were already at war with England made alliances with Washington.
The fawning, frankly idiotic and unprofessional article by David A. Taylor correctly notes that George Washington and Paul Revere were freemasons, but not that they were anti-British masons who used the masonic lodges in America to organize the Revolution which was, in fact, a masonic conspiracy. The founding fathers of this nation conspired, in British lodges, to overthrow British rule, thus, the founding of this nation is one of the greatest conspiracies of all time. Those who question the power of masonic conspiracies are either ignorant of history or completely misled. To say masonic outrages or conspiracies do not exist, nor ever have, may justly excite suspicion of being implicated in them.

[pullquote]The founding fathers of this nation conspired, in British lodges, to overthrow British rule, thus, the founding of this nation is one of the greatest conspiracies of all time.[/pullquote]Masonic conspiracies make nations, as they did in ours, and they also destroy them, as they did with Britain, whose masonic lodges in America were turned against them in the Revolutionary War. But even though French masons helped America win the Revolutionary War, Washington was wary of both freemasonry and special alliances or favoritism towards another nation. None of these crucial elements was mentioned by Taylor. Nor does his article disclose that in 1801, American Tories (British sympathizers) formed the Scottish Rite, and that their pro-British masons played a traitorous role in the War of 1812 and also in the Civil War, starting with the Trent Affair, wherein England threatened to fight alongside the Confederacy unless Lincoln released two Scottish Rite ambassadors, James M. Mason and John Slidell, whom were arrested by Union Captain Charles Wilkes just off of Cuba on November 8, 1861. Nor does he mention that after Lincoln was assassinated John Slidell, one of the men released by Lincoln would be named and sought as a conspirator in the Lincoln assassination. And that he fled to Europe. Another Scottish Rite mason implicated in the assassination and hunted by the Union Army, Confederate Gen. Albert Pike, fled to Canada only to be pardoned by Lincoln’s impeached successor, President Andrew Johnson, whom Pike elevated to 32nd degree Scottish Rite upon his return.

The House Tory Masons in the Scottish Rite helped Burn: War of 1812: The British torch the White House and the city named after George Washington, Washington D.C.

Moreover, just seven hours before Lincoln’s assassination, John Wilkes Booth left a note at Vice President Andrew Johnson’s residence that read “Don’t wish to disturb you. Are you at home? J. Wilkes Booth.” Johnson thus became tied to Booth as a suspected conspirator and later impeached, escaping conviction by only one vote. Among the notable list of Scottish Rite masons, they name Chief Justice Earl Warren, whom was himself a Klan leader in Bakersfield California and the man who gave us the Warren Commission, the mock investigation into the Kennedy Assassination which even Richard Nixon called the “greatest fraud ever perpetrated in history”. Taylor also didn’t note that for a time, the Smithsonian itself displayed the Klan robe of Supreme Court Chief Justice Hugo Black. Was Washington, therefore, a pro-British stooge that fought against himself?

Consider George Washington’s farewell address in 1796:

“So, likewise, a passionate attachment of one nation for another produces a variety of evils. Sympathy for the favorite nation, facilitating the illusion of an imaginary common interest in cases where no real common interest exists, and infusing into one the enmities of the other, betrays the former into a participation in the quarrels and wars of the latter without adequate inducement or justification. It leads also to concessions to the favorite nation of privileges denied to others, which is apt doubly to injure the nation making the concessions by unnecessarily parting with what ought to have been retained, and by exciting jealousy, ill will, and a disposition to retaliate in the parties from whom equal privileges are withheld; and it gives to ambitious, corrupted, or deluded citizens (who devote themselves to the favorite nation) facility to betray or sacrifice the interests of their own country without odium, sometimes even with popularity, gilding with the appearances of a virtuous sense of obligation, a commendable deference for public opinion, or a laudable zeal for public good the base or foolish compliances of ambition, corruption, or infatuation…. “Against the insidious wiles of foreign influence (I conjure you to believe me, fellow-citizens) the jealousy of a free people ought to be constantly awake, since history and experience prove that foreign influence is one of the most baneful foes of republican government. But that jealousy, to be useful, must be impartial, else it becomes the instrument of the very influence to be avoided, instead of a defense against it. Excessive partiality for one foreign nation and excessive dislike of another cause those whom they actuate to see danger only on one side, and serve to veil and even second the arts of influence on the other. Real patriots who may resist the intrigues of the favorite are liable to become suspected and odious, while its tools and dupes usurp the applause and confidence of the people to surrender their interests…. “Europe has a set of primary interests which to us have none or a very remote relation. Hence she must be engaged in frequent controversies, the causes of which are essentially foreign to our concerns. Hence, therefore, it must be unwise in us to implicate ourselves by artificial ties in the ordinary vicissitudes of her politics or the ordinary combinations and collisions of her friendships or enmities.”

Did we not go to war to defend England and France in World War I and in World War II to protect foreign influences?

In other words; Taylor and the Scottish Rite are honoring men their own forebears fought against in the Revolutionary War, and claiming them as their own! Thus, they slander them all, because Taylor’s implication is that George Washington and Paul Revere were pro-British freemasons! The symbol of the Scottish Rite is a Crown that represents Britain. The man honored and entombed in the Scottish Rite Temple was undeniably a Confederate and Tory Anglophile willing to surrender partial if not complete sovereignty to England for their help in defeating the Union. Taylor does not mention that Albert Pike was a named conspirator in the assassination of President Lincoln and wanted by the Union Army, and that he fled to Canada as a result, but returned when a subordinate Scottish Rite mason, President Andrew Johnson, pardoned him and elevated him to the 32nd degree. Moreover, Confederate Gen. Albert Pike, entombed with great honor in that same temple, was indeed a Chief Judiciary Officer in the KKK. The evidence is offered below…

Excerpt: The Scottish Rite, the KKK and the ADL

Evidence that Pike was Chief Judiciary Officer of the KKK


by John Covici, January 19, 1993

In Response to the Scottish Rite/ADL Desperate Defense of The KKK’s National Monument.

The city councils of Birmingham and Tuskegee, Alabama; Austin, Texas; Newark, New Jersey; Buffalo, New York; and New Orleans, Louisiana, have all called for the removal of the statue of Ku Klux Klan founder Albert Pike from Judiciary Square in Washington, D.C. Meanwhile, the Council of the District of Columbia, considering whether to pass a resolution similar to those passed in the other U.S. cities, has been warned by the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry and the Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith not to move to take down the KKK monument. Albert Pike, national KKK chief judiciary officer and Grand Dragon of the Arkansas Klan after the Civil War, is buried in a crypt at the Headquarters Temple of the Scottish Rite, Southern Jurisdiction, at 16th and S Streets, Washington. Pike was Grand Commander of that masonic group when he and his confederate clique organized the KKK. Why?

Why has the Anti-Defamation League (ADL), a self-proclaimed “anti-bigotry” lobby, acted to save the KKK’s national monument? For starters, the ADL is officially subordinate to the B’nai B’rith, a pro-slavery masonic secret society formed under Scottish Rite control in the 1840s. The ADL, the Scottish Rite, and the Klan appeared openly together in the early 20th century as elements of the “British party” within American political life. In shameful national public statements and private actions, B’nai B’rith and the ADL denounced and viciously sabotaged all 1930s anti-Hitler protests by Jews.

From its inception, the ADL has fronted for organized crime figures including Meyer Lansky. The Scottish Rite and the ADL, in their telephone calls and visits to Washington, D.C. Council members, say that “there is no evidence that Pike was a member of the KKK”; or, that “there is no credible evidence of Pike’s role in the Klan”; or, that “we can find no evidence” of such a role. As a fall-back, the ADL has also said that “there is no real evidence of Pike’s role in the Klan; and even if there is such evidence, the issue is not important.”‘ In the recent voluminous reporting on the subject of the Pike statue, news media have often quoted Scottish Rite representative Walter Lee Brown with variations of these defenses of Pike. In an October interview with the author, Brown said that he did not care what any historian has ever written about Pike. In his view, all evidence of Pike’s evil acts put forward in the 20th century “is simply repeating slanders that were used against Pike when he was alive.” Brown, who is writing an official biography of Pike for the Scottish Rite, contended that no condemnation of leaders of the post-Civil War Ku Klux Klan can be legitimate, because of the lack of documentary evidence against them. This applies as well to the notorious KKK Grand Wizard, slave-trade millionaire and wartime racial murderer Nathan Bedford Forrest. “General Forrest did not actually admit that he was in the Klan,” Brown explained. “So, where is your proof that he or anyone else actually ran the Klan?”

How Pike’s Role Was Revealed

In considering the evidence of Albert Pike’s KKK career, one must keep in perspective the mode of operation and legal status of the perpetrators in question. The KKK of the 1860s-1870s was a secret, terroristic society whose disguised members carried out thousands of murders, tortures, arson of schools and churches. The United States government sent troops into the southern states to put down Klan terrorism. One should not expect the KKK to have published membership and officers lists, to accommodate prosecution and suppression. Confederate General Albert Pike’s KKK career has been widely known among historians, southerners, and federal government officials since about 1905, four years after the Pike memorial statue was dedicated. It was in 1905 that the Neale Publishing Company, New York and Washington, published Ku Klux Klan: Its Origin, Growth and Disbandment, written and edited by Walter L. Fleming, incorporating earlier published material by J.C. Lester and D.L. Wilson. Historian Walter Fleming’s introduction to this 1905 book explains that he has been given “information in regard to Ku Klux Klan, by many former members of the order, and by their friends and relatives.” Dr. Fleming states that “General Albert Pike, who stood high in the Masonic order, was the chief judicial officer of the Klan.” On a page of illustrations of important founders of the KKK, Dr. Fleming places General Pike’s portrait in the center, makes it larger than the six others on the page, and repeats this information as a caption: “General Albert Pike, chief judicial officer”. Dr. Fleming attaches as an appendix to his book, a KKK “prescript” or secret constitution which had then recently been discovered. This document sets forth the regulations of the Klan’s “judiciary”‘ department, over which Albert Pike ruled. This is the internal disciplinary or counterintelligence department. It also corresponds to Pike and the Klan’s influence over the regular court system and the legal profession in the post-civil War southern states. As the boss of all the southern secret societies and simultaneously president of the Tennessee Bar Association, Pike was the grand strategist of Klan “justice.” It is to be stressed that Walter Fleming’s book was not a slander or hatchet job against Albert Pike. Though it revealed much important data for the first time, it placed the KKK and Pike in the most favorable possible light. The book was a hit among diehard Confederates and Anglo-Saxon “race patriots,” and it launched Fleming’s career as the dean of southern historians. Fleming became the leading apologist for the KKK, and was the father of the modern historical line that Reconstruction was a corrupt oppression of the South. In September 1903, Fleming had written in the Journal of the Southern History Association: “The very need for such an organization in the disordered conditions of the time caused the Dens [KKK local units] to begin to exercise the duties of a police patrol for regulating the conduct of thieving and impudent negroes and similar “loyal’ whites….” Dr. Fleming’s biases have not hurt his reputation with established authorities. The National Cyclopedia of American Biography calls his 1905 Ku Klux Klan history “an authoritative account of that organization.” The Dictionary of American Biography states bluntly: “Fleming covered the Civil War and Reconstruction in the South more fully than any other man. His works are characterized by … scholarly objective. A Southerner, Fleming wrote of the sectional conflict with Southern sympathies yet he was more objective than most Southerners of his generation. The historiography of the Civil War and Reconstruction owes much to his indefatigable research, his breadth of scholarship, and power of interpretation.” Basing his career on his defense of Pike’s KKK, Fleming became dean of arts and sciences at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee.

Pike’s Tennessee Klan Command

It was in Nashville that Albert Pike and other Confederate generals met in 1867 to form a southern states-wide terrorist KKK, expanding the little project they had started two years before in Pulaski, Tenn. The organization he formed in Nashville designated Pike its chief judiciary officer, and its Grand Dragon for Arkansas. As owner-publisher of the Memphis, Tennessee, Daily Appeal, Albert Pike wrote in an editorial on April 16, 1868: “With negroes for witnesses and jurors, the administration of justice becomes a blasphemous mockery. A Loyal League of negroes can cause any white man to be arrested, and can prove any charges it chooses to have made against him. …The disenfranchised people of the South … can find no protection for property, liberty or life, except in secret association…. We would unite every white man in the South, who is opposed to negro suffrage, into one great Order of Southern Brotherhood, with an organization complete, active, vigorous, in which a few should execute the concentrated will of all, and whose very existence should be concealed from all but its members.” (A copy of that issue of Pike’s paper may be viewed at the Library of Congress, as may the books mentioned in this article.) But it was as the Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite, and the recognized boss of the southern white masonic order, that Pike exercised the great clandestine power that welded the KKK together. Dr. Walter Fleming designates Confederate Major James R. Crowe as the pre-eminent source for his 1905 KKK History, and describes Crowe as one of the original KKK founders in Pulaski. Fleming says that Major Crowe “held high rank in the Masonic order.” In his honor roll of “well-known members of the Klan,” Dr. Fleming places “General John C. Brown, of Pulaski, Tennessee” and “Colonel Joseph Fussell, of Columbia, Tennessee.” General Brown and Colonel Fussell, like Major Crowe, are identifiable as soldiers of Albert Pike’s masonic order. General Brown had been a master mason in the Pulaski lodge for 15 years when the KKK was formed there, and became grand master of Tennessee Masons and governor of Tennessee during the Klan’s era of power. Colonel Fussell was commandant of Tennessee’s masonic Knights Templar during the Klan rule. The preceding masonic information is taken from Tennessee Templars: A Register of Names with Biographical Sketches of the Knights Templar of Tennessee by James D. Richardson. This James D. Richardson was himself the Commandant of Knights Templar and Grand Master of Masons in Tennessee, and was speaker of the Tennessee House of Representatives during the era of the Klan power. This same James D. Richardson was Albert Pike’s successor as commander of the southern Scottish Rite masons. It was this same Richardson who ordered the Pike statue to be erected in Washington, D.C. It was Richardson who, as a U.S. congressman from Tennessee, introduced into the U.S. House of Representatives the infamous 1898 resolution: It called for the federal government to provide federal land to Richardson’s masonic organization, on which to put up their statue honoring the master strategist of KKK terror.

The KKK on Parade

Susan Lawrence Davis’s 1924 Authentic History, Ku Klux Klan, 1865-1877, repeats the pattern Fleming created in 1905, revealing Pike’s KKK role but treating him and the Klan sympathetically. The Davis book was written to celebrate the new, 20th-century KKK, which was just then staging full-dress mass marches in Washington and northern cities such as Detroit. In her chapter on General Pike’s leadership of the Klan, Miss Davis applauds Pike’s clever stewardship of the KKK secret organization. She reproduces in her KKK history an oil portrait of Albert Pike given to her for the KKK book by Pike’s son. The same is true of other book-length histories of the Klan and numerous published biographies of Albert Pike: Pike’s role as Klan leader or KKK boss of Arkansas is discussed, but treated as if KKK terrorist murder of African-Americans was “regrettable” but “only natural” and “understandable.” In his book, The Tragic Era, Claude Bowers describes the KKK as patriotic southerners defending their way of life from out-of-control blacks and northerners. Bowers, who served many years as the U.S. ambassador to Spain and to Chile, described Albert Pike as one of the handful of distinguished, respectable founders of the KKK and the Klan’s leader in Arkansas.

Bowers wrote that much of the KKK’s alleged violence was actually perpetrated by Negroes disguised in Klan robes to wreak vengeance on other Negroes! Rather than quake in fear when the white southern masons or the ADL puts the muscle on, a citizen or his political representative ought to put this question to General Pike’s defenders: “Do you say that Professor Fleming, Miss Davis, Mr. Bowers, and all the other pro-Confederate historians were liars when they wrote of Pike’s marvelous deeds as KKK founder and leader?” They want to have it both ways: first to issue propaganda justifying Klan terrorism as the work of “respectable” men like Pike; later, when their hero is under attack, to claim that their own propaganda slanders their man!

John Covici