Thirty – Eight Ways to Win an Argument from Schopenhauer
Carry your opponent's proposition beyond its natural limits; exaggerate it. The more general your opponent's statement becomes, the more objections you can find against it. The more restricted and narrow your own propositions remain, the easier they are to defend.
Use different meanings of your opponent's words to refute his argument. Example: Person A says, "You do not understand the mysteries of Kant's philosophy. "Person B replies, "Of, if it's mysteries you're talking about, I'll have nothing to do with them." […]