The Lives of the Twelve Caesars

Date-trees, introduction of, 493 and note.
Dolabella, P., loses a fleet, 24; inveighs against J. Caesar, 32;
prosecuted by Caesar, 35.
Domitia, wife of Domitian, 480; intrigues with Paris, 481; denies
intrigue with Titus, 473; plots Domitian’s death, 491.
DOMITIAN, his birth, 479; his youth infamous, ib.; escapes from
Vitellius, ib.; assumes power in Rome, 480; governs despotically, ib.;
under Vespasian amused himself with poetry, ib.; plots against Titus,
ib.; succeeds him, 481; his wife Domitia, 480, 481; gives costly
spectacles, ib. 482; his public buildings, 483; expeditions, ib.;
his administration, 484; of justice, 485; his cruelties, 487, 488;
extortions, 489; poll-tax on the Jews, ib.; his arrogance, 490;
conspiracy against him, 481; alarms and omens, 492, 493; his
assassination, 494; his person and habits, 496; lewd conduct, 497;
he is lamented only by the soldiers, 497.
Domitii, family of, 337-339.
Domitilla, wife of Flavius Clemens, 494 note.
Druids, religion of, suppressed by Claudius, 318.
Drusilla, sister of Caligula, 268.
——, wife of Felix, 321 and note.
Drusus, brother of Tiberius, 196; his death, 198.
——, Tiberius’s son, 197, 203; his death, 217, 224, 230; son of
Germanicus, starved, 226; father of Claudius, 295; died in Germany,
ib.; his character, 296.
Dyracchium, Cn. Pompey blockaded there, 23, 40.

Eagles, the standards, of the legions, 39, 259 and note.
East, the, prophecy of a Ruler from, 445 and note.
Egypt confirmed to Cleopatra, 24; supplies Rome with corn, 82; made
a province, ib.
Emperor, the title of, 46 note.
Ennius, account of, 506, 507.
Epicadius completes Sylla’s Commentaries, 516.
Epidius, C., teaches rhetoric, 527.
Equestrian order, scrutiny of, 98, 102: procession of, 101 and note;
review of, 261; purified by Vespasian, 453.
Eratosthenes, the philosopher, 514.
Esseda, a light British car, 264 and note.

Family names and cognomena, 192 note.
Felix, governor of Judaea, 321; his wives, ib.
Flaccus, C. Valerius, a poet, 463.
Flamen Dialis, high-priest of Jupiter, 1 note.
Flavian family, account of, 441; temple of, 495.
Flavia Domitilla, wife of Vespasian, 443.
Flavius Clemens, Domitian’s cousin, 492; put to death, ib. and note, 494.
—— Sabinus, Vespasian’s brother, 437; retreats to the capitol, 438;
buried there, ib.
Forum, the Roman, 7; of Julius Caesar, 18; of Augustus, 92, 113; of
Nerva, 483.
Fruits, foreign, introduced at Rome, 493 note.
Fucine lake, drainage of, projected by J. Caesar, 30; emissary of,
311, 314.

GALBA, not allied to the Caesars, 400; his descent, 401; birth, 402;
studies the law, 403; courted by Agrippina, ib.; a favourite of Livia,
ib.; proctor and consul, 404; commands in Gaul, ib.; in Africa, 405;
in Spain, 406; on Nero’s death assumes the title of Caesar, 408;
marches to Rome, 409; his severity, 410; becomes hateful to the people,
411; and the troops, ib.; omens against him, 412; the praetorian
revolt, 413; he is slain, ib.; his person and habits, 414.
Callus, Cornelius, prefect of Egypt, 120; friend of Augustus, ib.; his
eclogues, 188; patron of Caecilius, a man of letters, 518.
——, L. Plotius, a rhetorician, 526.
Gaul, J. Caesar goes there as proconsul, 15; division of the provinces,
ib. note; he levies troops in, 16; his conquests in, 17.
Germanicus marries Agrippina, 118; adopted by Tiberius, 203, 251; his
triumph, ib.; his death, 217, 224, 251; his sons, 225; his character,
252; grief for, 253.
German tribes, defeated by J. Caesar, 17; they defeat Varus, 86;
Caligula’s expedition against, 281, 282.
Gessoriacum, Boulogne, 283, 309.
Gladiators, combats of, exhibited by Julius, 8, 19, 25; first introduced
at Rome, 25 note; shown by Caligula, 262; by Domitian, 481.
Gnipho, M. A., a grammarian, 511-513.
Golden House, the, of Nero, 359.
Grammar, science of, 506.
Grammarians, what, 509.
Guards, the Spanish, 100; the German, ib.; disbanded by Galba, 409.
See Praetorian.

Helvidius Priscus, a philosopher, 455.
Hirtius and Pansa, consuls, 76; defeated and slain, 77.
Horace, his life and works, 173-177, 642-545.
Horse, Caligula’s favourite, 289; proposes to make him consul, ib.
Hyginus, Palatine librarian, 520; his works, 249.

Illyricum, conquered, 204.
Intramural interments at Rome, forbidden, 192 note.
Isthmus of Corinth, canal through, 265, 349.

Jerusalem taken by Titus, 467 and note.
Jews, rites of suppressed by Tiberius, 215; expelled from Rome by
Claudius, 318; revolt of, 445; Vespasian’s triumph over, 449, 454;
fate of their sacred vessels, 449 note; figured on the arch of Titus,
467 note; poll-tax on the, 489.
Josephus the historian, taken prisoner by Vespasian, 447; predicts his
elevation, ib.
Journals of the proceedings of the senate published by J. Caesar, 13;
includes speeches, trials, births, deaths, etc., ib.; discontinued
by Augustus, 261; revived by Caligula, ib.
Julia, daughter of Julius Caesar, 2; married to Ca. Pompey, 4; her
death, 17.
——, daughter of Augustus, married to Marcellus, 117; to Agrippa, ib.;
to Tiberius, ib. and 197; their children, 118; banished, 119.
——, granddaughter of Augustus, married to Lucius Paulus, 118;
banished, ib.
JULIUS CAESAR, marries Cornelia, 1; serves in Asia, 2; fills public
offices, 4; commands in Spain, 5; joins Sylla and Crassus, 6; his
public buildings, 7; chosen consul, 12; marries Calpurnia, 14;
alliance with Pompey, ib. 15; has the province of Gaul, 15; invades
Britain, 17; affects popularity and is lavish of money, 18; resolves
on war, 20; crosses the Rubicon, 22; marches to Rome, 23; defeats
Pompey at Pharsalia, ib.; his triumphs, 24; his public spectacles, 25;
corrects the calendar, 27; his civil administration, 28, 29; projected
works, 30; person and dress, ib.; his character, scandals on, 32-34;
his extortions, 35; as an orator, ib.; as a writer, 36, 37; as a
general, 38-43; as an advocate and friend, 43-44; his good qualities,
45; his abuse of power, 46, 47; conspiracy against him, 48-50; his
assassination, 51; his will, 52; funeral, 53; apotheosis, 55.
Juvenal, account of, and works, 499, 500; life of, 536.

Laberius Hiera, a grammarian, 516.
“Latus Clavus,” what, 31.
Laurel grove of the Caesars, 400 and note.
Lenaeus, a school master, 507.
Lepidus, master of the horse to Julius Caesar, 52; one of the triumviri,
75; the confederacy renewed, 77; banished, 80; his death, 95.
Libraries, public, one projected by J. Caesar, 80; the Palatine, formed
by Augustus, 92; of Alexandria, 496; of the portico of Octavia, 520.
Lictors, attend the consuls, 13 and note.
Liveries, colours of the imperial, 490, note.
Livia Drusilla, wife of Augustus, 117, 295; mother of Tiberius, 202; his
treatment of her, 222, 223; her death, 224; divine honours decreed
to, 303.
—— Ocellina, mother of Galba, 402.
Livius Andronicus, account of, 506.
—— Titus, remarks on his History, 161-165.
Lollius, governor of Agrippa, 201, 202.
Lucan, remarks on, 396, 397; life of, 544.
Lucius Aevius, a grammarian, 508.
—— Crassitius, schoolmaster and philosopher, 519.
—— Vettius, an informer, 11, 14.
Lucretius, remarks on his works, 69.
Lupercalia, feast of, 48, and note; and 96.

Marcellus, M. Pomponius, a critic, 523.
Marius, C., his trophies restored, 8.
Martial, account and works of, 503-505.
Marmillo, a kind of gladiator, 288, 487.
Mausoleum of Augustus, 259.
Mecaenas, Augustus complains of, 120; his house and gardens on the
Esquiline, 125, 203; his character, 153; patronizes Horace, 173,
541.
Melissus, Caius, librarian and friend of Mecaenas, 520.
Messalina, wife of Claudius, 319; put to death, ib.; her
character, 335.
Misenum, a naval station, 110; Tiberius sails there, 236.
Mithridates revolts, 4.
Mitylene taken by storm, 3.
Money-lenders, lampoon on Augustus for his father’s being one, 123;
note on ib.; and 340.
Mount Aetna, 286.
—– Vesuvius, eruption of, 471, 548.
Muraena, conspiracy of, 83, 114, 120.

Naevius, his Punic war, 509.
Naples, a Greek colony, 303, note.
Narbonne, a Roman-colony, 195.
Narcissus, a freedman of Claudius, 321, 326.
Naumachia, of Julius, 27; of Augustus, 105; Nero, 344; Titus, 470; of
Domitian, 482; erected by him, 483.
Nemi, lake of, 276, note.
NERE, his descent, 337-339; birth, 340; youth, 341; succeeds Claudius,
342; begins his reign well, 343; gives spectacles and largesses, 344,
345; receives king Tiridates, 346; administration of justice, ib.;
his public buildings, 347; cruelties to the Christians, ib., and note;
undertakes no foreign wars, 348; appears on the stage, as a singer, at
Naples, 350; at Rome, 351; as a charioteer, 352; in Greece, 353;
triumphal return, 354; his revels and vices, 356; foul debaucheries,
357; prodigality, 358; his Golden House, 359; other works, 360;
extortions, ib., 361; his murders: Britannicus, 362; his mother, 363;
his remorse, 364; marries Poppaea Sabina, ib.; Messalina, ib.; his
butcheries, 365, 366; sets fire to Rome, 367; sings whilst it is
burning, ib.; disasters in Britain, 368; and in the East, 369; lampoons
on him, ib.; revolt of Vindex, in Gaul, 370; appeals to the senate,
371; Galba declares against him in Spain, 372; proposes to march
against Vindex, 373; his perplexities, 375; escapes from Rome, 376;
kills himself, 378; his person, 379; accomplishments, 380; religious
sentiments, 381.
Nicomedes, king of Bethynia, Julius Caesar at his court, 2; scandals
respecting them, ib., and 32, 33.
Nola, Augustus dies there, 145; him temple there, 217.

Obelisks, Egyptian, 312, and note.
Octacilius, L. Pilitus, instructs Pompey the Great, 627.
Octavii, the family of, 71.
Octavius, Caius, father of Augustus, 72.
Odeum, erected by Domitian, 483.
Oppius Cares writes on forest trees, 509, note.
Opilius, Aurelius, a grammarian, 510.
Orbilius Pupillus, a schoolmaster, 512.
Organ, the Hydraulic, 37, and note.
Ostia, at the mouth of the Tiber, 200, and note; harbour formed, 311.
OTHO, his ancestors, 416; his birth, 417; gets into Nero’s favour, ib.;
marries Poppaea pro forma, 418; sent into Spain, ib.; joins Galba, ib.;
practises against him, 419; chosen emperor by the pretorians, 420; and
Vitellius, by the German army, 421; he marches against them, 422; his
troops defeated at Bedriacum, 423; makes no further resistance, 424;
calmly puts an end to his life, 425; his person and habits, ib.;
devotion of his soldiers, 426.
Ovation, description of, 85, note.
Ovid, on his life and writings, 177-185.
Oxheads, a street in Rome, 73.

Palatine Hill, 73, and notes; Augustus’s house there, 125; enlarged
by Caligula, 266, 267; the Golden House added by Nero, 359, 369;
Tiberius’s house, 438.
Pansa. See Hirtius.
Pantheon, built by Agrippa, 93.
Paris, an actor, intrigues with Domitia, 481.
Pearls found in Britain, 31 and note.
Persius, remarks on, 397-399; life of, 538.
Petronia, wife of Vitellius, 431.
Petronius Arbiter, remarks on, 392-395.
Phaedrus, account of, 248.
Pharmacusa, island of, 4.
Pharsalia, battle of, 23; speech of J. Caesar after, 21; his call to
the troops at, 45; Lucan’s poem on, 396.
Philippi, battle of, 77, 78; Augustus’s escape at, 136.
Philosophers, decrees against at Rome, 524.
Pincian hill, 379, and note.
Piso, Cneius, conspires with Crassus, 7.
—-, prefect of Syria, 251; suspected of poisoning Germanicus, 252;
his conspiracy, 366.
Plancus, L. Munatius, the orator, 529, and note.
Pliny, the elder, remarks on, 475; his works, ib.-478; his life, 545.
—–, the younger, 546, note.
Polyhistor, Alexander, the historian, 520, and note.
Pomegranate, street so called, 479, and note.
Pompeius Sextus, wars of Augustus with, 76.
Pompeia, wife of Julius Caesar, 5.
Pompey, Cn., reconciled with Crassus, 12; marries Julia, 14; supports her
father J. Caesar, 15; meets him at Lucca, 16; sole consul, 17; offered
Octavia in marriage, 18; his opinion of Julius Caesar, 20; flies to
Brundusium, 23; defeated at Pharsalia, ib.; his statues restored, 45;
his senate-house, 49, 50, and note.
Pontine Marshes, drainage of, 30.
Poppaea, Sabina, Nero’s mistress, 360; he kills her, 365; Otho marries
her pro forma, 417, 418.
Porticos; of Lucius and Caius, 93; of Octavia, ib., and note; of the
Argonauts, 94.
Posts established, 110.
Pretorian guards of Tiberius, 221, 229; elect Claudius, 302; attend
him to the senate, 303; salute Nero, 342; mutiny against Galba,
411; dispatch him, 413; disbanded by Vitellius, 432; commanded by
Vitus, 468.
Pretorian camp, 265, 302; its position, 376.
Probus, M. Valerius, his mode of teaching, 525.
Procurators, their office, 304, note.
Propertius, on his life and works, 188.
Psylli, the, 81, and note.
Ptolemy Auletes expelled, 8.
Public health, augury of, and note, 95.
Publius Clodius debauches Pompeia, 5; is Cicero’s enemy, 14; murdered,
17; his trial, 44.
Puteoli, Caligula’s bridge at, 263; the landing-place from the East, 467.

Quintilian, remarks on, 498, 499.
Quintus Caecilius, a schoolmaster, 519.
——- Catulus, repairs the Capitol, 10, and note.

Rabirius Posthumus prosecuted, 9, 308.
Ravenna, J. Caesar halts there, 20; a naval station, 110.
Reate, a town of the Sabines, 441; Vespasian born there, 442, 469; his
estates near, 461; he dies there, ib.; as does Titus, 478.
Remmius Palaemon, a grammarian, 523.
Republic, the, Augustus thinks of restoring, 91; the forms of, preserved,
212; maintained by Caligula, 261; proposal to restore it; 292.
Rhetoric forbidden at Rome, 526; its progress, 527.
Rhine, the, suddenly thaws, 484.
Rhodes, J. Caesar retires there, 3; and Tiberius, 200.
Roman people, their love of public spectacles, 216; largesses of corn
to, 311, 312.
Rome, improvements of Augustus, 91; divided into districts, 94; a fire
there, 221; Nero’s fire, 367; restored by Vespasian, 452; great fire
under Titus, 471, and note.
Roads. See Via.
Rubicon, the, crossed by Jul. Caesar, 22.
Rutifius Rufus, soldier and historian, 510; note, 511.

Sallust, remarks on, 159, 160.
Santra, a biographical writer, 533, and note.
Saturnalia, account of, 262, note.
Scaeva, a centurion, his heroic conduct, 42.
Scribonia, wife of Augustus, 117.
Scribonius, a disciple of Orbilius, 521.
Secular games, by Augustus, 96; by Claudius, 313.
Selene, daughter of Antony and Cleopatra, 264.
Sejanus, Tiberius’s suspicions of, 229, 257; his conspiracy, 232;
account of, 244, 245.
Senate, filled up by Julius, 28; affronted by him, 47; scrutiny of,
98; qualification for, 104, 315; constitution of, 115, note;
scrutiny of, by Caligula, 260; purified by Vespasian, 453.
Seneca, Annaeus, made Nero’s tutor, 341; forced to kill himself, 365;
remarks on, 386-392.
Septa, what, 105, and note.
Septizonium, the, description of, 465, note.
Sertorius commands in Spain, 4.
Servilia, mother of M. Brutus, J. Caesar intrigues with her, 33.
Sesterce, the value of, 457, note.
Sextus Clodius, professor, and friend of Antony, 528.
Sibylline books preserved by Augustus, 95.
Silanus betrothed to Claudius’s daughter, 316;–the elder, put to
death, 322, 326.
Silius, a paramour of Messalina, 322, 325.
Silversmiths. See Money-lenders.
Slaves, workhouses of, 96; writers and artists originally such, 457 note;
chained as watch-dogs, 527, and note.
Spain, province of, governed by Julius Caesar, 5, 11; Pompey’s army
in, 23; Galba commands there, 406.
Sporus, Nero’s freedman, 367, 376, 378.
Standards, Roman, 259.
Statues of the kings of Rome, 46; of Pompey, 96; of learned men,
513, 519.
Statius, his works, 500-503.
Suburra, a street in Rome, 31.
Suetonius Paulinus, commands in Britain, 423, note.
——, Lenis, the author’s father, serves under Otho, ib.
Suevius Nicanor, a grammarian, 510.
Sumptuary laws of Julius Caesar, 29.
Sylla pardons Julius Caesar, 2; conspires with Caesar and Crassus, 6;
his statues restored, 45; his Commentaries, 516.

Taurus, Statilius, 93, 364.
Temples of Castor and Pollux, 8, and note, 266; of Jupiter Capitolinus
repaired, 10, and notes, etc.; of Venus Genetrix, 47; Mars Ultor, 84,
92; Palatine Apollo, ib. and note; Jupiter Tonans, 93, and note;
Hercules and Muses, ib.; the Parthenon, ib. and note; of Concord, 206,
and note; of Vesta, 223, and note; of Augustus, 264; Jupiter Latialis,
298, and note; of Peace, 453, and note; of Claudius ib.; of Jupiter
Custos, 483; of the Flavian Family, 483, 495.
Terence, life of, 531.
Terracina, on the road to Naples, 23; Tiberius’s villa there, 217;
and note.
Tertia, mistress of Julius Caesar, 33.
Theatres–of Pompey, 96; rebuilt, 312; of Marcellus, 93, and note;
repaired, 458; of Balbus, ib.; Pompey’s restored by Tiberius, 221;
by Caligula, 265.
Theogenes, an astrologer of Apollonia, 141.
Thrax, a kind of gladiator, 487.
Thurinus, a surname of Augustus, 74.
TIBERIUS, descent of, 192-195; his childhood, 196; youth, 197; in the
forum, 198; in the wars, ib., and 199; withdraws from Rome, ib.;
retirement at Rhodes, 200, 201; returns to Rome, 202; commands in
Germany and Illyricum, 204, 205; triumphs, 206; made colleague with
Augustus, ib.; succeeds him, 207; governs with moderation, 210-213;
sumptuary laws, 214; represses the Jewish religion, 215; and Christian,
ib., and note; his rigorous justice, 216; retires to Capri, 217; his
debaucheries there, 218-220; his parsimony, 221; exactions, 222;
treatment of Livia, 223; of Drusus and Germanicus, 224; of Agrippina,
225; his grandsons, ib.; his harsh temper, 227; various cruelties,
228-231; his remorse, 233; his person, 234; literary pursuits, 235;
his last illness, 236; and death, 237; rejoicings at it, 238; his
will, 239.
Tiber, inundations of the, 91, and note; bed of, cleaned, 94, and note;
floods, 223; criminals thrown into, 230; island of Esculapius, in, 317,
and note.
Tibullus, his life and works, 185-187.
Tiridates, king, at Rome, 346.
Titinnius, letter of Cicero to, 528, and note.
TITUS, his birth and disposition, 465; educated with Britannicus,
ib.; the honours he paid him, ib.; endowments, personal and mental,
466; serves in Germany and Britain, ib.; in Judaea, ib.; takes
Jerusalem, 467; returns to Rome, ib.; is colleague with Vespasian, 468;
is harsh and unpopular, ib.; his attachment to Berenice, 469; his
character brightens, ib.; his moderation and munificence, 470; public
buildings and spectacles, ib., and note; his clemency, 471; relief of
great disasters, 472; avoids shedding blood, ib.; taken suddenly ill,
473; dies on his paternal estate, 474.
Toga, Praetexta, 101, 103, and notes.
—- Virilis, 101, and note.
Tomb of Domitian, 379, and note.
Treviri (Treves), 254, 256, note.
Triumphs of Julius Caesar, 24, 25; Augustus, 85; description of a, ib.
note; Tiberius, 206; Germanicus, 251; of Vespasian and Titus, 454, 467;
of Domitian, 484.

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