Evidence that Pike was Chief Judiciary Officer of the KKK
THE EVIDENCE ON GENERAL ALBERT PIKE
by John Covici, January 19, 1993
In Response to the Scottish Rite/ADL Desperate Defense of The KKK’s National Monument.
The city councils of Birmingham and Tuskegee, Alabama; Austin, Texas; Newark, New Jersey; Buffalo, New York; and New Orleans, Louisiana, have all called for the removal of the statue of Ku Klux Klan founder Albert Pike from Judiciary Square in Washington, D.C. Meanwhile, the Council of the District of Columbia, considering whether to pass a resolution similar to those passed in the other U.S. cities, has been warned by the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry and the Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith not to move to take down the KKK monument. Albert Pike, national KKK chief judiciary officer and Grand Dragon of the Arkansas Klan after the Civil War, is buried in a crypt at the Headquarters Temple of the Scottish Rite, Southern Jurisdiction, at 16th and S Streets, Washington. Pike was Grand Commander of that masonic group when he and his confederate clique organized the KKK.
Why? Why has the Anti-Defamation League (ADL), a self-proclaimed “anti-bigotry” lobby, acted to save the KKK’s national monument? For starters, the ADL is officially subordinate to the B’nai B’rith, a pro-slavery masonic secret society formed under Scottish Rite control in the 1840s. The ADL, the Scottish Rite, and the Klan appeared openly together in the early 20th century as elements of the “British party” within American political life. In shameful national public statements and private actions, B’nai B’rith and the ADL denounced and viciously sabotaged all 1930s anti-Hitler protests by Jews.
As a fall-back, the ADL has also said that “there is no real evidence of Pike’s role in the Klan; and even if there is such evidence, the issue is not important.”‘
This applies as well to the notorious KKK Grand Wizard, slave-trade millionaire and wartime racial murderer Nathan Bedford Forrest. “General Forrest did not actually admit that he was in the Klan,” Brown explained. “So, where is your proof that he or anyone else actually ran the Klan?”
How Pike’s Role Was Revealed
Pike was the grand strategist of Klan “justice.” It is to be stressed that Walter Fleming’s book was not a slander or hatchet job against Albert Pike. Though it revealed much important data for the first time, it placed the KKK and Pike in the most favorable possible light. The book was a hit among diehard Confederates and Anglo-Saxon “race patriots.”
It was in 1905 that the Neale Publishing Company, New York and Washington, published Ku Klux Klan: Its Origin, Growth and Disbandment, written and edited by Walter L. Fleming, incorporating earlier published material by J.C. Lester and D.L. Wilson. Historian Walter Fleming’s introduction to this 1905 book explains that he has been given “information in regard to Ku Klux Klan, by many former members of the order, and by their friends and relatives.” Dr. Fleming states that “General Albert Pike, who stood high in the Masonic order, was the chief judicial officer of the Klan.” On a page of illustrations of important founders of the KKK, Dr. Fleming places General Pike’s portrait in the center, makes it larger than the six others on the page, and repeats this information as a caption: “General Albert Pike, chief judicial officer”. Dr. Fleming attaches as an appendix to his book, a KKK “prescript” or secret constitution which had then recently been discovered. This document sets forth the regulations of the Klan’s “judiciary”‘ department, over which Albert Pike ruled. This is the internal disciplinary or counter-intelligence department. It also corresponds to Pike and the Klan’s influence over the regular court system and the legal profession in the post-civil War southern states.
As the boss of all the southern secret societies and simultaneously president of the Tennessee Bar Association, Pike was the grand strategist of Klan “justice.” It is to be stressed that Walter Fleming’s book was not a slander or hatchet job against Albert Pike. Though it revealed much important data for the first time, it placed the KKK and Pike in the most favorable possible light. The book was a hit among diehard Confederates and Anglo-Saxon “race patriots,” and it launched Fleming’s career as the dean of southern historians. Fleming became the leading apologist for the KKK, and was the father of the modern historical line that Reconstruction was a corrupt oppression of the South. In September 1903, Fleming had written in the Journal of the Southern History Association: “The very need for such an organization in the disordered conditions of the time caused the Dens [KKK local units] to begin to exercise the duties of a police patrol for regulating the conduct of thieving and impudent negroes and similar “loyal’ whites….” Dr. Fleming’s biases have not hurt his reputation with established authorities. The National Cyclopedia of American Biography calls his 1905 Ku Klux Klan history “an authoritative account of that organization.” The Dictionary of American Biography states bluntly: “Fleming covered the Civil War and Reconstruction in the South more fully than any other man. His works are characterized by … scholarly objective. A Southerner, Fleming wrote of the sectional conflict with Southern sympathies yet he was more objective than most Southerners of his generation. The historiography of the Civil War and Reconstruction owes much to his indefatigable research, his breadth of scholarship, and power of interpretation.” Basing his career on his defense of Pike’s KKK, Fleming became dean of arts and sciences at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee.
Pike’s Tennessee Klan Command
Bowers wrote that much of the KKK’s alleged violence was actually perpetrated by Negroes disguised in Klan robes to wreak vengeance on other Negroes!
General Brown and Colonel Fussell, like Major Crowe, are identifiable as soldiers of Albert Pike’s masonic order. General Brown had been a master mason in the Pulaski lodge for 15 years when the KKK was formed there, and became grand master of Tennessee Masons and governor of Tennessee during the Klan’s era of power. Colonel Fussell was commandant of Tennessee’s masonic Knights Templar during the Klan rule. The preceding masonic information is taken from Tennessee Templars: A Register of Names with Biographical Sketches of the Knights Templar of Tennessee by James D. Richardson. This James D. Richardson was himself the Commandant of Knights Templar and Grand Master of Masons in Tennessee, and was speaker of the Tennessee House of Representatives during the era of the Klan power. This same James D. Richardson was Albert Pike’s successor as commander of the southern Scottish Rite masons. It was this same Richardson who ordered the Pike statue to be erected in Washington, D.C. It was Richardson who, as a U.S. congressman from Tennessee, introduced into the U.S. House of Representatives the infamous 1898 resolution: It called for the federal government to provide federal land to Richardson’s masonic organization, on which to put up their statue honoring the master strategist of KKK terror.
The KKK on Parade
Susan Lawrence Davis’s 1924 Authentic History, Ku Klux Klan, 1865-1877, repeats the pattern Fleming created in 1905, revealing Pike’s KKK role but treating him and the Klan sympathetically. The Davis book was written to celebrate the new, 20th-century KKK, which was just then staging full-dress mass marches in Washington and northern cities such as Detroit. In her chapter on General Pike’s leadership of the Klan, Miss Davis applauds Pike’s clever stewardship of the KKK secret organization. She reproduces in her KKK history an oil portrait of Albert Pike given to her for the KKK book by Pike’s son. The same is true of other book-length histories of the Klan and numerous published biographies of Albert Pike: Pike’s role as Klan leader or KKK boss of Arkansas is discussed, but treated as if KKK terrorist murder of African-Americans was “regrettable” but “only natural” and “understandable.” In his book, The Tragic Era, Claude Bowers describes the KKK as patriotic southerners defending their way of life from out-of-control blacks and northerners. Bowers, who served many years as the U.S. ambassador to Spain and to Chile, described Albert Pike as one of the handful of distinguished, respectable founders of the KKK and the Klan’s leader in Arkansas.
Bowers wrote that much of the KKK’s alleged violence was actually perpetrated by Negroes disguised in Klan robes to wreak vengeance on other Negroes! Rather than quake in fear when the white southern masons or the ADL puts the muscle on, a citizen or his political representative ought to put this question to General Pike’s defenders: “Do you say that Professor Fleming, Miss Davis, Mr. Bowers, and all the other pro-Confederate historians were liars when they wrote of Pike’s marvelous deeds as KKK founder and leader?” They want to have it both ways: first to issue propaganda justifying Klan terrorism as the work of “respectable” men like Pike; later, when their hero is under attack, to claim that their own propaganda slanders their man!
The ADL and a Crime of Omission
The ADL Blacklisting of Anti-Apartheid Activists
November 17, 1998: note the peculiar coverage of the same story. The story carried by the San Francisco Chronicle reads like an ADL press release. It makes no mention of the most critical aspect of the story– the identity of the plaintiffs– Pro-Palestinian and anti-apartheid activists. For example, they note the plaintiffs are “Bay Area activists”. But which ones? Environmental activists? Animal rights activists? Religious activists? Compare this to the AP release below.
Also ignored by the Chronicle are the key charges– that the ADL used state records, including drivers licenses and Social Security numbers, to ruin the careers of anti-apartheid activists by disseminating this confidential information to hostile parties. Why the harassment and blacklisting of anti-apartheid activists from, of all things, a civil rights organization?
As if Blacks Built the Nazi Death Camps…
You’ll notice this survey above is intended to suggest blacks are four times more prone to racism than any other demographic group. The implication of such defamatory and unscientific studies are serious. This is an obvious attempt to polarize Americans, particularly the Jewish community, against the African-American. The Anti-Defamation League, created by the B’nai B’rith, has anything but an untainted past when it comes to racism. According to author Anton Chaitkin:
“The Independent Order of B’nai B’rith formed in 1843 as a Jewish community sub-project in the restoration of Masonry by the Scottish Rite and the British foreign office. Though most of its lodges were in the North, B’nai B’rith was openly pro-Confederate. Though it claimed to be neutral in the war, many of the Order’s Northern spokesmen were stridently pro-slavery. B’nai B’rith’s post-Civil War leaders were pro-Confederate operatives, including later president Simon Wolf, who had been arrested by the War Department in Washington, D.C. as the lawyer for a Confederate spy ring.
“Rabbi Isaac Wise established B’nai B’rith’s center for the “liberalizing” of Judaism in Cincinnati, Ohio-coinciding with Cincinnati’s other great Scottish Rite scheme, the launching of the Knights of the Golden Circle. Wise was officially neutral in the Civil War. Core leaders of the B’nai B’rith from then on have been Scottish Rite Masons. The political establishment associated with the Order has always had its headquarters in London…
“In the 1930s, Cyrus Adler, president of the American Jewish Committee, coordinated with the family’s B’nai B’rith, and the family’s (New York Times), to crush all U.S. political action against Adolf Hitler in Germany. The B’nai B’rith was the one Jewish organization that Hitler deliberately (left open )and functioning under Nazi rule from 1933 on. In 1939, Britain made a dramatic change in its policy toward Hitler-after teaching Hitler his race theories, after forcefully backing his takeover of Germany, after financing and equipping his armies, Britain now changed publicly to opposing Hitler. Only at that point, in 1939, about a year after Hitler finally closed B’nai B’rith’s Nazi-authorized German operations, B’nai B’rith decided to “approve” an international boycott against the Nazi regime….
“B’nai B’rith’s Anti-Defamation League recently opened a vicious campaign to label American black leaders as anti-Semites, aiming at a racial conflict, and stomping on the memory of the young Jews who fought for civil rights in the 1960s. It is essential that the religious, national, and historical character of this racialism be precisely understood.”
It is apparent, judging by the misleading and divisive surveys like the aforementioned propaganda; that the ADL’s campaign to label black American leaders as anti-Semites has now expanded, and now aimed at labeling all blacks as anti-Semites. Actually, it’s not just blacks. Anyone that doesn’t agree with the ADL, or raises challenging and legitimate questions about their history, is invariably labeled an anti-Semite.
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