The Nag Hammadi Library

That is why each has two names.

Yaldabaoth modeled his creation

On the pattern of the original realms above him

So that it might be just like the indestructible realms.

[Not that he had ever seen the indestructible ones. Rather, the power in him, deriving from his mother, made him aware of the pattern of the cosmos above.]

When he gazed upon his creation surrounding him He said to his host of demons

The ones who had come forth out of him: “I am a jealous God and there is no God but me!”

[But by doing this he admitted to his demons that there is indeed another God. For, if there were no other God, whom would he possibly be jealous of?]

His mother began to move back and forth

Because she had become aware that she now lacked Light For her brightness had dimmed.

[Since her consort had not approved of her actions, she grew darker] [I said “Master, what does it mean ‘she moved back and forth’?”

He laughed, saying, “It’s not as Moses said ‘upon the waters.’ Not at all.”]

When she saw the evil that had taken place and

The theft of light that her son had committed She repented.

In the darkness of ignorance She began to forget.

She began to be ashamed.

But she could not yet return above Yet she began to move.

And so she moved back and forth.

[The arrogant one removed Power from his mother For he was ignorant

He thought no one existed except for his mother. He saw the host of demons he had created

And he elevated himself above them.

But when the mother realized that that miscarriage Was so imperfect

She came to realize that her consort had not approved. She repented and wept furiously.]

All of the divine realms (pleroma) heard her repentant prayer They sought blessing for her from the Invisible Virgin Spirit.

The Spirit consented.

He poured the Holy Spirit over her

Brought forth from the whole full realm.

[Her consort did not come down to her on his own, but he came through the whole full realm

to restore her to her original condition.]

She was elevated above her son,

But she was not restored to her own original realm.

She would remain in the ninth sphere until she was fully restored.

Humanity Begins

Then came a voice from the highest realms saying: “The Man exists! And the Son of Man!”

Yaldabaoth, chief ruler, heard it

He thought it came from his mother

He did not know the true source of the voice: The Holy Mother-Father

Perfect Providence Image of the Invisible

Father of Everything

In whom everything has come to be.

The First Man

[This is the one who appeared to them.

He appeared in the form of a human being.]

All of the realm of the chief ruler quaked!

The foundations of the abyss moved!

He illuminated the waters above the world of matter, His image shown in those waters.

All the demons and the first ruler together gazed up Toward the underside of the newly shining waters.

Through that light they saw the Image in the waters.

Yaldabaoth said to his subordinate demons:

“Let’s create a man according to the image of God And our own likeness

So that his image will illuminate us.”

Each one through another’s Power created aspects of the man;

Each added a characteristic corresponding to the psychic factors They had seen in the Image above them.

They made a creature of substance

In the likeness of that perfect First Man

And they said, “Let us call him Adam, so that his name will give us the power of light.”

Construction of the Human Body

The seven Powers began to work:

. Goodness made a psyche of bone Providence made a psyche of sinew Divinity made a psyche of flesh Lordship made a psyche of marrow Kingdom made a psyche of blood Zeal made a psyche of skin Understanding made a psyche of hair

The host of demons took these substances from the Powers to create the limbs and the body itself. They put the parts together and coordinated them.

The first ones began by making the head: Abron created his head; Meniggesstroeth created the brain; Asterechme the right eye; Thaspomocha, the left eye; Ieronumos, the right ear; Bissoum, the left ear; Akioreim, the nose; Banenrphroum, the lips; Amen, the front teeth; Ibikan, the molars; Basiliademe, the tonsils; Achcha, the uvula; Adaban, the neck; Chaaman, the neckbones; Dearcho, the throat; Tebar, the shoulder; Mniarcon, the elbow; Abitrion, the right arm; Evanthen, the left arm; Krys, the right hand; Beluai, the left hand; Treneu, the fingers of the right hand; Balbel, the fingers of the left hand; Kriman, fingernails; Astrops, the right breast; Barroph, the left breast; Baoum, the right shoulder joint; Ararim, the left shoulder joint; Areche, the belly; Phthave, the navel; Senaphim, the abdomen; Arachethopi, the right ribs; Zabedo, the left ribs; Barias, the right hip; Phnouth the left hip; Abenlenarchei, the marrow; Chnoumeninorin, the skeleton; Gesole, the stomach; Agromauna, the heart; Bano, the lungs; Sostrapal, the liver; Anesimalar, the spleen; Thopithro, the intestines; Biblo, the kidneys; Roeror, the sinews; Taphreo, the spine; Ipouspoboba, the veins; Bineborin, the arteries; Atoimenpsephei, respiration; Entholleia, the flesh; Bedouk, the right buttock; Arabeei,

the penis; Eilo, the testicles; Sorma, the genitals; Gormakaiochlabar, the right thigh; Nebrith, the left thigh; Pserem, the kidneys of the right leg; Asaklas, the left kidney; Ormaoth, the right leg; Emenun, the left leg; Knyx, the right shin; Tupelon, the left shin; Achiel, the right knee; Phnene, the left knee; Phiouthrom, the right foot; Boabel, its toes; Trachoun, the left foot; Phikna, its toes; Miamai, the toenails.

And those who were appointed over all of these are: Zathoth,


Kalila, Iabel, Sabaoth, Cain, Abel.

The energizing powers in the limbs were divided among:

the head made by Diolimodraza; the neck by Yammeax; the right shoulder Yakouib; the left shoulder Verton; the right hand Oudidi; the left Arbao; the fingers of the right hand Lampno; the fingers of the left hand Leekaphar; the right breast Barbar; the left breast

Imae; the chest Pisandriaptes; the right shoulder joint Koade; the left shoulder joint Odeor; the right ribs Asphixix; the left ribs Synogchouta; the abdomen Arouph; the womb Sabalo; the right thigh Charcharb; the left thigh Chthaon; the genitals Bathinoth; the right leg Choux; the left leg Charcha; the right shin Aroer; the left shin Toechtha; the right knee Aol; the left knee Charaner; the right foot Bastan; its toes Archentechtha; the left foot Marephnounth; its toes Abrana.

Seven govern the whole body: Michael,


Asmenedas, Saphasatoel, Aarmouriam, Richram, Amiorps.

The one who governs perceptions: Archendekta The one who governs reception: Deitharbathas The one who governs imagination: Oummaa

The one who governs integration: Aachiaram The one who governs impulse: Riaramnacho.

There is a fourfold source of the bodily demons: Hot, Cold, Dry, Wet.

[Matter is the mother of them all.]

Ruler of hot: Phloxopha

Ruler of cold: Oroorrothos

Ruler of dry: Erimacho

Ruler of wet: Athuro.

Their mother stands among them: Onorthochrasaei She is unlimited

She mixes with all of them. She is matter

And they are nourished by her.

The four chief demons are:

Ephememphi, associated with pleasure, Yoko, associated with desire, Nenentophni, associated with distress, Blaomen, associated with fear.

Their mother is Esthesis-Zouch-Epi-Ptoe.

Out from these four demons come passions: From distress arises

Envy, jealousy, grief, vexation, Discord, cruelty, worry, mourning.

From pleasure comes much evil And unmerited pride, And so forth.

From desire comes

Anger, fury, bitterness, outrage, dissatisfaction And so forth.

From fear emerges

Horror, flattery, suffering, and shame.

[Their thought and truth is Anayo, the ruler of the material soul. It belongs with the seven senses, Esthesis-Zouch-Epi-Ptoe.]

This is the total number of the demons: 365

They worked together to complete, part by part, the psychical and the material body.

There are even more of them in charge of other passions That I didn’t tell you about.

If you want to know about them

You will find the information in the Book of Zoroaster.

All of Yaldabaoth’s servants and his demons Worked to finish the psychic body. For a very long time it lay inanimate It did not move.

Yaldabaoth’s mother wanted to take back the Power She had turned over to the Chief Ruler.

She earnestly asked the most merciful, The Mother-Father of everything,

For help.

Yaldabaoth Deceived

By His sacred command He sent down the five Lights

In the forms of the principal advisors to Yaldabaoth.

[This led to the removal of Yaldabaoth’s mother’s divine Power from him.] They told Yaldabaoth:

“Blow some of your Spirit in the man’s face, Then his body will rise up.”

Yaldabaoth blew some of his Spirit into the man.

That Spirit was the divine Power of his mother.

[He didn’t understand what was happening, for he lived in ignorance.] His mother’s divine Power left Yaldabaoth

It entered the psychic human body Modeled on the primordial image.

The human body moved!

It grew powerful! It shone!

Yaldabaoth’s demonic forces envied the man.

Through their united efforts he had come into being They had given their Power to him.

His understanding was far greater than that of those who had created him.

And greater than that of the Chief Ruler himself.

When they realized that he shone with light And could think better than they could And was naked of evil,

They took him and cast him down

Into the lowest depths of the material world.

The Beginning of Salvation

The blessed one.

The Mother-Father The good merciful one

Looked compassionately upon the Mother’s Power Relinquished by the Chief Ruler.

Since Yaldabaoth’s demons might again overpower the perceptible psychic body He sent down from his good Spirit a helper for Adam,

Out of his great compassion A light-filled Epinoia emerged.

And he called her Life (Zoe).

She aids the entire creation Working with him

Restoring him to the fullness.

She taught Adam about the way his people had descended She taught Adam about the way he could ascend,

Which is the way he had descended.

The light-filled Epinoia was hidden in Adam.

So that the rulers wouldn’t know about her

For Epinoia would repair the disaster their mother had caused.

[Adam was revealed because within him dwelt the shadow of light.

His mental abilities were far greater than those of his creators. They had gazed upward and seen his exalted mental capability.]

The host of rulers and demons plotted together They mixed fire and earth and water

Together with four blazing winds

They melded them together in great turbulence. Adam was brought into the shadow of death.

They intended to make him anew This time from

Earth, Water, Fire, Wind,

Which are

Matter, Darkness, Desire,

The Artificial Spirit. This all became a tomb,

A new kind of body.

Those thieves bound the man in it, Enchained him in forgetfulness, Made him subject to dying.

[His was the first descent

And the first separation.

Yet the light-filled Epinoia within him will elevate his thinking.]

Adam in Yaldabaoth’s Paradise

The rulers took the man and put him into paradise They told him to eat freely.

[Their food is bitter; their beauty is corrupt. Their food is deceit; their trees are ungodliness. Their fruit is poison.

Their promise is death.]

They placed the Tree of Their Life into the middle of paradise. [I will teach you (plural) the secret of their life:

The plan that they made together about an artificial spirit.]

Its root is bitter

Its branches are dead.

Its shadow is hatred

Its leaves are deception

The nectar of wickedness is in its blossoms.

Its fruit is death Its seed is desire

It flowers in the darkness.

Those who eat from it are denizens of Hades Darkness is their resting place.

As for the tree called “The Knowledge Of Good And Evil” It is the Epinoia of the light.

They commanded him not to eat from it, Standing in front to conceal it,

For fear that he might look upwards to the fullness And know the nakedness of his indecency.

[However, I caused them to eat.

I asked the Savior,

“Lord, isn’t it the serpent that caused Adam to eat?”

He smiled and replied,

“The serpent caused them to eat

in order to produce the wickedness of the desire to reproduce that would make Adam helpful to him.”]

The chief ruler, Yaldabaoth, knew that

Because the light-filled Epinoia within Adam Made his mental abilities greater than his own, Adam had been disobedient.

In order to recover the Power that he had put into Adam

Yaldabaoth made Adam completely forgetful.

[I asked the Savior, “What is it to be ‘completely forgetful?’” He replied, “It is not what Moses wrote in his first book:

‘He caused Adam to fall into deep sleep’

Rather, Adam’s perceptions were veiled And he became unconscious.

As he (Yaldabaoth) said through his prophet:

‘I will make their minds dull so that they do not see or understand.’”]

Woman Comes into Being

The light-filled Epinoia hid deep within Adam.

The Chief Ruler tried to remove her from his ribcage, But Epinoia cannot be captured.

Although the darkness pursued her it did not catch her.

The Chief ruler did remove a portion of his Power from Adam To create a person with a woman’s form

Modeled on the light-filled Epinoia that had been manifested to him.

He placed the Power removed from the man into the woman.

[It did not happen the way Moses said it did: “he took a rib and made the woman.”]

Adam saw the woman standing next to him.

The light-filled Epinoia immediately appeared to him She raised up the veil that dulled his mind.

He sobered up from the dark drunkenness And he recognized his own counterpart.

He said: “This is bone from my bones Flesh from my flesh.”

Because of this a man will leave his mother and father

And be joined to a woman and those two will become one flesh.

For they will send his helper to him.

[Sophia, our sister, came down Descending innocently

So as to regain what she had lost.

Therefore she was called Life.

The Mother of the Living

The one from the Providence of the Authority of Heaven By her assistance people can achieve perfect knowledge.]

I appeared as an eagle perched on the Tree of Knowledge! [Which is the Epinoia from the pure Providence of Light.]

In order to teach them

And raise them up from sleep’s depths.

[For the two of them were fallen and aware of their nakedness. Epinoia appeared as a being full of light

She enlightened their minds.]

When Yaldabaoth discovered that they had moved away from him He cursed his earth.

He located the woman as she was preparing herself for her man. He gave the woman over so that the man might be her master,

Because he did not know the secret of the divine strategy.

The man and woman were too terrified to renounce Yaldabaoth, Who showed his ignorance to his angels

And he cast both of them out of paradise Dressing them in heavy darkness.

The Chief Archon saw the young woman who was standing by Adam.

He realized that the light-filled Epinoia of life was within her. Yaldabaoth became completely ignorant.

[When the Providence of all saw what was going to happen She sent assistants to remove Divine Life from Eve.]

Yaldabaoth raped Eve. She bore two sons.

[Elohim was the name of the first. Yahweh was the name of the second.

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