The Lost Books of the Bible

13 And they went and found the tomb opened, and coming near they looked in there; and they see there a certain young man sitting in the midst of the tomb, beautiful and clothed in a robe exceeding bright; who said to them, Wherefore are ye come? Whom seek ye? Him that was crucified? He is risen and gone. But if ye believe not, look in and see the place

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where he lay, that he is not [here]; for he is risen and gone thither, whence he was sent. Then the women feared and fled.

14 Now it was the last day of the unleavened bread, and many were going forth, returning to their homes, as the feast was ended. But we, the twelve disciples of the Lord, wept and were grieved: and each one, being grieved for that which was come to pass, departed to his home. But I Simon Peter and Andrew my brother took our nets and went to the sea; and there was with us Levi the son of Alphaeus, whom the Lord . . .

The Lost Books of the Bible, [1926], at sacred-texts.com

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TABLE I.

A LIST of all the Apocryphal Pieces not now extant, mentioned by Writers in the first four Centuries of Christ, with the several Works wherein they are cited or noticed.

A

1. THE ACTS OF ANDREW. Euseb. Hist. Eccl. l. 3 c. 25. Philastr. Haeres. 87. Epiphan. Haeres. 47 section 1. Haeres. 61 section 1. et Haeres. 63. section 2. Gelas. in Decret. apud. Concil. Sanct. tom. 4. p. 1260.

2. Books under the name of ANDREW. August. contr. Adversar. Leg. et Prophet. l. c. 20. et Innocent I. Epis. 3. ad Exuper. Tholos. Episc. section 7.

3. The Gospel of ANDREW. Gelas. in Decret.

A Gospel under the name of APELLES. Hieron. Praefat. in Comment. in Matt.

The Gospel according to the Twelve APOSTLES. Origen. Homil. in Luc. i. 1. Ambros. Comment. in Luc. i. 1. et Hieron. Praefat. in Comment. in Matt.

B

The Gospel of BARNABAS. Gelas. in Decret.

1. The Writings of BARTHOLOMEW the Apostle. Dionys. Areopagit. de Theol. Myst. c. 1.

2. The Gospel of BARTHOLOMEW. Hieron. Catul. Script. Eccles. in Pantaen. et Praefat. in Comm. in Matt. Gelas in Decret.

The Gospel of BASILIDES. Orig. in Luc. i. 1. Ambros. in Luc. i. 1. Hieron. Praefat. in Comm. in Matt.

C

1. The Gospel of CERINTHUS. Epiphan. Haeres. 51. section 7.

2. The Revelation of CERINTHUS. Caias Presb. Rom. lib. Disput. apud. Euseb. Hist. Eccl. l. 3. c. 28.

1. An Epistle of CHRIST to Peter and Paul. August. de Consens. Evang. l. 1. c. 9, 19.

2. Some other Books under the name of CHRIST. Ibid. c. 3.

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3. An Epistle of CHRIST, produced by the Manichees. August. contr. Faust, l. 28. c. 4

4. A Hymn, which CHRIST taught his disciples. Epis. ad Ceret. Episc.

E

The Gospel according to the EGYPTIANS. Clem. Alex. Strom. l. 3. p. 452, 465. Origen. in Luc. il l. Hieron. Praef. in Comm. in Matt. Epiphan. Haeres. 62 section 2.

The Acts of the APOSTLES, made use of by the EBIONITES. Epiphan. Haeres. 30. section 16.

The Gospel of the EBIONITES. Epiphan. Haeres. 30. section 13.

The Gospel of the ENCRATITES. Epiphan. Haeres. 46. 1.

The Gospel of EVE. Epiphan. Haeres. 26. section 2.

H

The Gospel according to the HEBREWS. Hegesipp. lib. Comment. apud Euseb. Hist. Eccl. l. c. 22. Clem. Alex. Strom. l. 2. p. 380. Origen. Tract. 8. in Matt. xix. 19. et l. 2, Joan. p. 58. Euseb. Hist. Eccl. l. 3. c. 25, 27, et 39. Jerome in many places, as above.

The Book of the HELKESAITES. Euseb. Hist. Eccl. l. 6. c. 38.

The false Gospels of HESYCHIUS. Hieron. Praefat. in Evang. ad Damas. Gelas. in Decret.

J

The Book of JAMES. Origen. Comm. in Matt. xiii. 55, 56.

Books forged and published under the name of JAMES. Epiphan. Haeres. 30. section 23. Innocent I. Epist. 3. ad Exuper. Tholos. Episc. section 7.

1. The Acts of JOHN. Euseb. Hist. Eccl. l. 3. c. 25. Athanas. in Synops. section 76. Philastr. Hares. 87. Epiphan. Haeres. 47. section 1. August. contr. Advers. Leg. l. 1. c. 20.

2. Books under the name of JOHN. Epiphan. Haeres. 30. section 23. et Innocent I. ibid.

A Gospel under the name of JUDE. Epiphan. Haeres. 38. section 1.

A Gospel under the name of JUDAS ISCARIOT. Iren. advers. Haeres. l. 1. c. 35.

The Acts of the Apostles by LEUCIUS. August. lib. de Fide contr. Manich. c. 38.

The Acts of the Apostles by LENTITIUS. August. de Act. cum Folic. Manich. l. 2. c. 6.

The Books of LENTITIUS. Gelas. in Decret.

The Acts under the Apostles’ name by LEONTIUS. August. de Fide. contr. Manich. c. 5.

The Acts of the Apostles by LEUTHON. Hieron. Epist. ad Chromat. et Heliodor.

The false Gospels, published by LUCIANUS. Hieron. Praefat. in Evang. ad Damas.

M

The Acts of the Apostles used by the MANICHEES. August. lib. cont. Adimant Manich. c. 17.

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The Gospel of MARCION. Tertull. adv. Marcion. lib. 4. c. 2. et 4. Epiphan. Haeres. 42. Proem.

Books under the name of MATTHEW. Epiphan. Haeres. 30. section 23.

1. The Gospel of MATTHIAS. Orig. Comm. in Luc. i. 1. Euseb. Hist. Eccl. l. 3. c. 25. Ambros. in Luc. i. 1. Hieron. Praefat. in Comment in Matt.

2. The Traditions of MATTHIAS. Clem. Alex. Strom. l. 2. p. 380. l. 3. p. 436. et l. 7. p. 748.

3. A Book under the name of MATTHIAS. Innocent I. ibid.

The Gospel of MERINTHUS. Epiphan. Haeres. 51. section 7.

N

The Gospel according to the NAZARENES. See above concerning the Gospel according to the Hebrews.

P

1 The Acts. of PAUL and THECLA. Tertull. de Baptism. c. 17. Hieron. Catal. Script. Eccl. in Luc. Gelas. in Decret.

2. The Acts of PAUL. Orig. de Princip. l. 1. c. 2. et l. 21. in Joan. tom. 2. p. 298. Euseb. Hist. Eccl. l. 3. c. 3. et 25. Philastr. Haeres. 87.

3. The Preaching of PAUL (and PETER). Lactant. de Ver. Sap. l. 4. c. 21. Script. anonym. ad calcem Opp. Cypr., and, according to some, Clem. Alex. Strom. l. 6. p. 636.

4. A Book under the name of PAUL. Cyprian. Epist. 27.

5. The Revelation of Paul. Epiphan. Haeres. 38. section 2. August. Tract. 98. in Joann. in fin. Gelas. in Decret.

The Gospel of PERFECTION. Epiphan. Haeres. 26. section 2.

1. The Acts of PETER. Euseb. Hist. Eccl. l. 3. c. 3. Athanas. in Synops. S. Scriptur. section 75. Philastr Haeres. 27. Hieron. catal. Script. Eccl. in Petr. Epiphan. Haeres. 30. section 15.

2. The Doctrine of PETER. Orig. Proem. in lib. de Princip.

3. The Gospel of PETER. Scrip. lib. de Evang. Petri., apud. Euseb. Hist. Eccl. l. 6. c. 13. Tertull. adv. Marc. l. 4. c. 5. Orig. Comment. in Matt. xiii. 55, 56, tom. i. p. 223. Euseb. Hist. Eccl. l. 3. c. 3. et 25. Hieron. Catal. Script. Eccles. in Petr.

The Judgment of PETER. Ruffin. Exposit. in Symbol. Apostol. section 36. Hieron. Catal. Script. Eccles. in Petr.

5. The Preaching of PETER. Heracl. apud. Orig. l. 14. in Joan. Clem. Alex. Strom. l. 1. p. 357. l. 2. p. 390. l. 6. p. 635, 636, et 678. Theodot. Byzant. in Excerpt. p. 899. ad calc. Opp. Clem. Alex. Lactant. de Ver. Sap. l. 4, c. 21. Euseb. Hist. Eccles. l. 3. c. 3. et Hieron. Catal. Script. Eccl. in Petr.

6. The Revelation of PETER. Clem. Alex. lib. Hypotypos. apud. Euseb. Hist. Rel. l. 6. c. 14. Theodot. Byzant. in Excerpt. p. 806, 807. ad. calc. Opp. Clem. Alex. Euseb. Hist. Eccl. l. 3. c. 3. et 25. Hieron. Catal. Script. Eccl. in Petr.

7. Books under the name of PETER. Innocent. I. Epist. 3. ad Exuper. Tholos. Epist. section. 7.

1. The Acts of PHILIP. Gelas. in Decret.

2. The Gospel of PHILIP. Epiphan. Haeres. 26. section 13.

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S

The Gospel of SCYTHIANUS. Cyrill. Catech. VI. section 22. et Epiphan. Haeres. 66. section 2.

The Acts of the Apostles by SELEUCUS. Hieron. Epist. ad Chromat. et Heliodor.

The Revelation of STEPHEN. Gelas. in Decret.

T

The Gospel of TITAN. Euseb. Hist. Eccl. l. 4. c. 29.

The Gospel of THADDaeUS. Galas. in Decret.

The Catholic Epistle of THEMISON the Montanist. Apollon. lib. cont. Cataphryg. apud. Euseb. Hist. Eccl. l. 5. c. 18.

1. The Acts of THOMAS. Epiphan. Haeres. 47. section 1. et 61. section 1 Athanas. in Synops. S. Script. section. 76 et Gelas. in Decret.

2. The Gospel of THOMAS. Orig. in Luc. i. 1. Euseb. Hist. .Eccl. l. 3. c. 25. Cyrill. Catech. IV. section 36. et Catech. VI. section 31. Ambros. in Luc. i. 1. Athan. in Synops. S. Script. section 76. Hieron. Praef. in Comment. in Matth. Gelas. in Decret.

4. Books under the name of THOMAS. Innocent I. Epist. 3. ad Exuper. Tholos. Episc. section 7.

The Gospel of TRUTH made use of by the Valentinians. Iren. adv. Haeres. l. 3. c. 11.

V

The Gospel of VALENTINUS. Tertull. de Praescript. adv. Haeret. c. 49.

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TABLE II.

A LIST of the Christian Authors of the first four Centuries, whose Writings contain Catalogues of the Books of the New Testament.

*** Those which also have Catalogues of the Books of the Old Testament are marked thus *.

The Names of the Writers.

The times in which they lived.

The variation or Agreement of their Catalogues with ours now received.

The Places of their Writings, in which these Catalogues are.

A. C.

I. * ORIGEN, a Presbyter of Alexandria, who employed incredible pains in knowing the Scriptures.

210.

Omits the Epistles of James and Jude, though he owns them both in other parts of his writings.

Comment in Matt. apud Euseb. Hist. Eccl. ll. 6. c. 25. Exposit. in Joan. l. 5, apud Euseb. ibid.

II. EUSEBIUS PAMPHILUS, whose writings evidence his zeal about the sacred writings, and his great care to be informed which were genuine and which not.

315.

His Catalogue is exactly the same with the modern one; only he says, the Epistles of James, Jude, the 2nd of Peter, the 2nd and. 3rd of John, though they were generally received, yet had been by some doubted of. As to the Revelation, though he says some rejected it, yet he says others received it; and himself places it among those which are to be received without dispute.

Hist. Eccl. l. 3, c. 55, confer ejusdem lib. b 3.

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III. *ATHANASIUS, Bp. of Alexandria.

315.

The same perfectly with ours now received.

Fragment. Epist. Festal. et in Synops. Scriptur. Sacr.

IV. * CYRIL, Bp. of Jerusalem.

340.

The same with ours, only the Revelation is omitted.

Catech. IV. section 36.

V. * The Bishops assembled in the Council of Laodices.

364.
[*+]

The Revelation is omitted.

Canon. LX.

N.B.–The Canons of this Council were not long afterwards received into the body of the Canons of the universal Church

VI. EPIPHANIUS, Bp. of Salamis in Cyprus.

370.

The same with ours now received.

Haeres. 76, c. 5.

VII. GREGORY NAZIANZEN, Bp. of Constantinople.

375.

Omits the Revelation.

Carm. de veris et genuin. Scriptur.

VIII. PHILASTRIUS, Bp. of Brixia in Venice.

380.

The same with ours now received; except that he mentions only thirteen of St. Paul’s Epistles (omitting very probably the Epistle to the Hebrews), and leaves out the Revelation.

Lib. de Haeres. 87.

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IX. *JEROME.

382.

The same with ours, except that he speaks dubiously of the Epist. to the Hebrews; though in other parts of his writings he receives it as Canonical, as hereafter will appear.

Ep. ad. Paulin. de Stud. Scrip. Also commonly prefixed to the Latin Vulgate.

X. *RUFFIN, Presbyter of Aquilegium.

390.

It perfectly agrees with ours.

Expos. in Symb. Apostol. section 36. int. Op. Hieror. et inter Op. Cypr.

XI. *AUSTIN, Bp. of Hippo in Africa

394.

It perfectly agrees with ours.

De. Doct. Christ. l. 2, c. 8.

XII. * The forty-four Bps. assembled in the third Council of Carthage.

St. Austin was present at it.

It perfectly agrees with ours.

Vid. Canon. XLVII. et cap. ult.

XIII. The anonymous author of the works under the name of DIONYSIUS the Areopagite.

390.

It seems perfectly to agree with ours; for though he doth not, for good reasons, produce the names of the books; yet (as the, learned Daille says, De Script. supposit. Doings. l. 1. c. 16,) he so clearly describes them as that he has left out no divine book, may be easily perceived.

Lib. de Hierarch. Eccl. c. 3.

THE END.

Footnotes

^292:+ The Papists generally place this Council before the Council of Nice.

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