The Great Conspiracy

NORTHERN COMPLICITY WITH TREASON–MAYOR FERNANDO WOOD RECOMMENDS
SECESSION OF NEW YORK CITY–THE REBEL JUNTA AT WASHINGTON INSPIRES HIM–
HE OBEYS ORDERS, BUT SHAKES AT THE KNEES–KEITT BRAGS OF THE “MILLIONS
OF DEMOCRATS IN THE NORTH,” FURNISHING A “WALL OF FIRE” AGAINST
COERCION–ATTEMPTED REBEL–SEDUCTION OF NEW JERSEY–THE PRICE-BURNETT
CORRESPONDENCE–SECESSION RESOLUTIONS OF THE PHILADELPHIA DEMOCRACY AT
NATIONAL HALL–LANE OF OREGON “SERVES NOTICE” OF “WAR ENOUGH AT HOME”
FOR REPUBLICANS–“NORTHERN DEMOCRATS NEED NOT CROSS THE BORDER TO FIND
AN ENEMY”–EX-PRESIDENT PIERCE’S CAPTURED TREASONABLE LETTER TO JEFF.
DAVIS–THE “FIGHTING” TO BE “WITHIN OUR OWN BORDERS, IN OUR OWN
STREETS”–ATTITUDE OF DOUGLAS, AND THE DOUGLAS DEMOCRACY, AFTER SUMTER–
DOUGLAS CALLS ON MR. LINCOLN AT THE WHITE HOUSE–HE PATRIOTICALLY
SUSTAINS THE UNION–HE RALLIES THE WHOLE NORTH TO STAND BY THE FLAG–
THERE CAN BE “NO NEUTRALS IN THIS WAR; ONLY PATRIOTS AND TRAITORS”–
LAMENTED DEATH OF “THE LITTLE GIANT”–TRIBUTES OF TRUMBULL AND MCDOUGALL
TO HIS MEMORY–LOGAN’S ATTITUDE AT THIS TIME, AND HIS RELATIONS TO
DOUGLAS–THEIR LAST PRIVATE INTERVIEW–DOUGLAS’S INTENTION TO “JOIN THE
ARMY AND FIGHT”–HIS LAST EFFORTS IN CONGRESS–“CONCILIATION,” BEFORE
SUMTER–“NO HALF-WAY GROUND” AFTER IT
CHAPTER XIII.
THE STORM OF BATTLE.

THE MILITARY SITUATION–THE GREAT UPRISING–POSITIONS AND NUMBERS OF THE
UNION AND REBEL ARMIES–JOHNSTON EVACUATES HARPER’S FERRY, AND RETREATS
UPON WINCHESTER–PATTERSON’S EXTRAORDINARY CONDUCT–HE DISOBEYS GENERAL
SCOTT’S ORDERS TO “ATTACK AND WHIP THE ENEMY”–JOHNSTON CONSEQUENTLY
FREE TO REINFORCE BEAUREGARD AT MANASSAS–FITZ JOHN PORTER’S
ACCOUNTABILITY FOR THE DISASTROUS CONSEQUENCES–MCDOWELL’S ADVANCE UPON
BEAUREGARD–PRELIMINARY BATTLE AT BLACKBURN’S FORD–JUNCTION OF JOHNSTON
WITH BEAUREGARD–REBEL PLANS OF ADVANCE AND ATTACK–CHANGE IN MCDOWELL’S
PLANS–GREAT PITCHED-BATTLE OF BULL RUN, OR MANASSAS, INCLUDING THE
SECOND BATTLE AT BLACKBURN’S FORD–VICTORY, AT FIRST, WITH MCDOWELL–
THE CHECK–THE LEISURELY RETREAT–THE PANIC AT, AND NEAR, THE NATIONAL
CAPITAL–THE WAR FULLY INAUGURATED
CHAPTER XIV.
THE COLORED CONTRABAND.

THE KNELL OF SLAVERY–THE “IMPLIED POWERS” OF CONGRESS IN THE
CONSTITUTION–PATRICK HENRY’S PREDICTION–JOHN QUINCY ADAMS’S PROPHECY–
JOHN SHERMAN’S NON-INTERFERENCE–WITH-SLAVERY RESOLUTIONS–JOHN Q. ADAMS
ON EMANCIPATION–POWERS OF CONGRESS AND MILITARY COMMANDERS–GENERAL
MCCLELLAN’S WEST VIRGINIA PROCLAMATION OF NONINTERFERENCE WITH SLAVES–
GENERAL BUTLER’S CORRESPONDENCE WITH GENERAL SCOTT AND SECRETARY
CAMERON–CAMERON’S REPLY–MILITARY TENDERNESS FOR THE DOOMED
INSTITUTION–CONGRESS, AFTER BULL RUN–CONFISCATION, AND EMANCIPATION,
OF SLAVES USED TO AID REBELLION–RINGING WORDS OF TRUMBULL, WILSON,
MCDOUGALL, AND TEN EYCK, IN THE SENATE–ROMAN COURAGE OF THE HOUSE–
CRITTENDEN’S STATEMENTS–WAR RESOLUTIONS–BRECKINRIDGE’S TREASONABLE
SPEECH UPON “THE SANCTITY” OF THE CONSTITUTION–BAKER’S GLORIOUS REPLY–
HIS MATCHLESS APOSTROPHE TO FREEDOM–HIS SELF-SACRIFICING DEVOTION AND
HEROIC DEATH AT BALL’S BLUFF
CHAPTER XV.
FREEDOM’S EARLY DAWN.

THADDEUS STEVENS’S STARTLING UTTERANCES–CAPTURED SLAVES MUST BE FREE
FOREVER–“NO TRUCES WITH THE REBELS”–HIS PROPHECY AS TO ARMING SLAVES
TO FIGHT REBELLION–SECRETARY CAMERON’S LETTER TOUCHING FUGITIVES FROM
SERVICE–GENERAL FREMONT’S PROCLAMATION OF CONFISCATION AND
EMANCIPATION–ITS EFFECT NORTH AND SOUTH–JEFF. THOMPSON’S SAVAGE
PROCLAMATION OF RETALIATION–PRESIDENT LINCOLN’S EMBARRASSMENT–HE
PRIVATELY SUGGESTS TO FREMONT CERTAIN MODIFICATIONS–FREMONT DEFENDS HIS
COURSE–“STRONG AND VIGOROUS MEASURES NECESSARY TO SUCCESS”–THE
PRESIDENT PUBLICLY ORDERS THE MODIFICATION OF FREMONT’S PROCLAMATION–
THE MILITARY MIND GREATLY CONFUSED–GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS ISSUED BY THE
WAR DEPARTMENT–GENERAL T. W. SHERMAN’S PORT ROYAL PROCLAMATION–GENERAL
WOOL’S SPECIAL AND GENERAL ORDERS AS TO EMPLOYMENT OF “CONTRABANDS”–
GENERAL DIX’S PROCLAMATION FOR REPULSION OF FUGITIVE SLAVES FROM HIS
LINES–HALLECK ORDERS EXPULSION AS WELL AS REPULSION–HIS LETTER OF
EXPLANATION TO FRANK P. BLAIR–SEWARD’S LETTER TO MCCLELLAN ON
“CONTRABANDS” IN THE DISTRICT
OF COLUMBIA
CHAPTER XVI.
“COMPENSATED GRADUAL EMANCIPATION.”

PRESIDENT LINCOLN’S ATTITUDE–SACRIFICES OF PATRIOTISM–ASSERTION BY
CONGRESS OF ITS EMANCIPATING WAR-POWERS–THE CAUSE OF FREEDOM SLOWLY
“MARCHING ON”–ABANDONED SLAVES OF BEAUFORT, S. C.–SECRETARY CAMERON
FAVORS ARMING THEM–THE PRESIDENT’S CAUTIOUS ADVANCES–HE MODIFIES
CAMERON’S REPORT TO CONGRESS ON THE SUBJECT–THE MILITARY MIND, ALL “AT
SEA”–COMMANDERS GUIDED BY POLITICAL BIAS–HALLECK’S ST. LOUIS
PROCLAMATION, 1862–BUELL’S LETTER–CONTRARY ACTION OF DIX AND HALLECK,
BUELL AND HOOKER, FREMONT AND DOUBLEDAY–LINCOLN’S MIDDLE COURSE–HE
PROPOSES TO CONGRESS, COMPENSATED GRADUAL EMANCIPATION–INTERVIEW
BETWEEN MR. LINCOLN AND THE BORDER-STATE REPRESENTATIVES–INTERESTING
REMARKS OF THE PRESIDENT–MR. LINCOLN BETWEEN TWO FIRES–VIEWS, ON
COMPENSATED EMANCIPATION, OF MESSRS. NOELL, CRISFIELD, MENZIES,
WICKLIFFE, AND HALL–ROSCOE CONKLING’S JOINT RESOLUTION, ADOPTED BY BOTH
HOUSES–HOOKER’S “CAMP BAKER” ORDER–MARYLAND FUGITIVE–SLAVE HUNTERS
PERMITTED TO SEARCH THE CAMP–UNION SOLDIERS ENRAGED–SICKLES ORDERS THE
SLAVE HUNTERS OFF–DOUBLEDAY’S DISPATCH AS TO “ALL NEGROES” ENTERING HIS
LINES–TO BE “TREATED AS PERSONS, NOT AS CHATTELS”
CHAPTER XVII.
BORDER–STATE OPPOSITION.

APPOINTMENT OF A SELECT COMMITTEE, IN HOUSE, ON GRADUAL EMANCIPATION–
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA EMANCIPATION ACT–THE PRESIDENT’S SPECIAL MESSAGE
OF APPROVAL–GEN. HUNTER’S EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION–PRESIDENT LINCOLN
PROMPTLY RESCINDS IT BY PROCLAMATION–HIS SOLEMN AND IMPASSIONED APPEAL
TO PEOPLE OF THE BORDER-STATES–HE BEGS THEIR CONSIDERATION OF GRADUAL
COMPENSATED EMANCIPATION–GEN. WILLIAMS’S ORDER EXPELLING RUNAWAY
NEGROES FROM CAMP, AT BATON ROUGE–LIEUT.-COL. ANTHONY’S ORDER EXCLUDING
FUGITIVE-SLAVE HUNTERS FROM “CAMP ETHERIDGE”–GEN. MCCLELLAN’S FAMOUS
“HARRISON’S LANDING LETTER” TO THE PRESIDENT–“FORCIBLE ABOLITION OF
SLAVERY” AND “A CIVIL AND MILITARY POLICY”–SLAVEHOLDING BORDER-STATE
SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES AT THE WHITE HOUSE–PRESIDENT LINCOLN’S
ADDRESS TO THEM, JULY, 1862–GRADUAL EMANCIPATION THE THEME–
COMPENSATION AND COLONIZATION TO ACCOMPANY IT–THE ABOLITION PRESSURE
UPON THE PRESIDENT INCREASING–HE BEGS THE BORDER STATESMEN TO RELIEVE
HIM AND THE COUNTRY IN ITS PERIL–THEIR VARIOUS RESPONSES
CHAPTER XVIII.
FREEDOM PROCLAIMED TO ALL.

PRESIDENT LINCOLN’S PERSONAL APPEAL TO COLORED FREEMEN–HE BEGS THEM TO
HELP IN THE COLONIZATION OF THEIR RACE–PROPOSED AFRICAN COLONY IN
CENTRAL AMERICA–EXECUTIVE ORDER OF JULY 2, 1862–EMPLOYMENT OF NEGROES
FOR MILITARY PURPOSES OF THE UNION–JEFF. DAVIS RETALIATES–MCCLELLAN
PROMULGATES THE EXECUTIVE ORDER WITH ADDENDA OF HIS OWN–HORACE
GREELEY’S LETTER TO PRESIDENT LINCOLN–THE LATTER ACCUSED OF
“SUBSERVIENCY” TO THE SLAVE HOLDERS–AN “UNGRUDGING EXECUTION OF THE
CONFISCATION ACT” DEMANDED–MR. LINCOLN’S FAMOUS REPLY–HIS “PARAMOUNT
OBJECT, TO SAVE THE UNION, AND NOT EITHER TO SAVE OR DESTROY SLAVERY”–
VISIT TO THE WHITE HOUSE OF A RELIGIOUS DEPUTATION FROM CHICAGO–
MEMORIAL ASKING FOR IMMEDIATE EMANCIPATION, BY PROCLAMATION–THE
PRESIDENT’S REPLY TO THE DEPUTATION–“THE POPE’S BULL AGAINST THE
COMET”–VARIOUS OBJECTIONS STATED TENTATIVELY–“A PROCLAMATION OF
LIBERTY TO THE SLAVES” IS “UNDER ADVISEMENT”–THE PROCLAMATION OF
EMANCIPATION ISSUED–ITS POPULAR RECEPTION–MEETING OF LOYAL GOVERNORS
AT ALTOONA–THEIR STIRRING ADDRESS–HOMAGE TO OUR SOLDIERS–PLEDGED
SUPPORT FOR VIGOROUS PROSECUTION OF THE WAR TO TRIUMPHANT END–PRESIDENT
LINCOLN’S HISTORICAL RESUME AND DEFENSE OF EMANCIPATION–HE SUGGESTS TO
CONGRESS, PAYMENT FOR SLAVES AT ONCE EMANCIPATED BY BORDER STATES–
ACTION OF THE HOUSE, ON RESOLUTIONS SEVERALLY REPREHENDING AND ENDORSING
THE PROCLAMATION–SUPPLEMENTAL EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION OF JAN. 1, 1863
CHAPTER XIX.
HISTORICAL REVIEW.

COURSE OF SOUTHERN OLIGARCHS THROUGHOUT–THEIR EVERLASTING GREED AND
RAPACITY–BROKEN COVENANTS AND AGGRESSIVE METHODS–THEIR UNIFORM GAINS
UNTIL 1861–UPS AND DOWNS OF THE TARIFF–FREE TRADE, SLAVERY, STATES-
RIGHTS, SECESSION, ALL PARTS OF ONE CONSPIRACY–“INDEPENDENCE” THE FIRST
OBJECT OF THE WAR–DREAMS, AMBITIONS, AND PLANS OF THE CONSPIRATORS–
LINCOLN’S FAITH IN NORTHERN NUMBERS AND ENDURANCE–“RIGHT MAKES MIGHT”–
THE SOUTH SOLIDLY-CEMENTED BY BLOOD–THE 37TH CONGRESS–ITS WAR
MEASURES–PAVING THE WAY TO DOWNFALL OF SLAVERY AND REBELLION
CHAPTER XX.
LINCOLN’S TROUBLES AND TEMPTATIONS.

INTERFERENCE WITH SLAVERY FORCED BY THE WAR–EDWARD EVERETT’S OPINION–
BORDER-STATES DISTRUST OF LINCOLN–IMPOSSIBILITY OF SATISFYING THEIR
REPRESENTATIVES–THEIR JEALOUS SUSPICIONS AND CONGRESSIONAL ACTION–
PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE OF KINDLY WARNING–STORMY CONTENTION IN CONGRESS–
CRITTENDEN’S ARGUMENT ON “PROPERTY” IN MAN–BORDER–STATES “BID” FOR
MR. LINCOLN–THE “NICHE IN THE TEMPLE OF FAME” OFFERED HIM–LOVEJOY’S
ELOQUENT COUNTERBLAST–SUMNER (JUNE, 1862,) ON LINCOLN AND EMANCIPATION
–THE PRESIDENT HARRIED AND WORRIED–SNUBBED BY BORDER STATESMEN–
MCCLELLAN’S THREAT–ARMY-MISMANAGEMENT–ARMING THE BLACKS–HOW THE
EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION WAS WRITTEN–CABINET SUGGESTIONS–MILITARY
SITUATION–REBEL ADVANCE NORTHWARD–LINCOLN, AND THE BREAST-WORKS–
WASHINGTON AND BALTIMORE MENACED–ANTIETAM, AND THE FIAT OF FREEDOM–
BORDER-STATE DENUNCIATION–KNIGHTS OF THE GOLDEN CIRCLE, ETC.
CHAPTER XXI.
THE ARMED–NEGRO.

“WHO WOULD BE FREE, HIMSELF MUST STRIKE THE BLOW!”–THE COLORED TROOPS
AT PORT HUDSON–THEIR HEROISM–STIRRING INCIDENTS–AT MILLIKEN’S BEND–
AT FORT WAGNER–AT PETERSBURG AND ABOUT RICHMOND–THE REBEL CONSPIRATORS
FURIOUS–OUTLAWRY OF GENERAL BUTLER, ETC.–JEFFERSON DAVIS’S MESSAGE TO
THE REBEL CONGRESS–ATROCIOUS, COLD-BLOODED RESOLUTIONS OF THAT BODY–
DEATH OR SLAVERY TO THE ARMED FREEMAN–PRESIDENT LINCOLN’S RETALIATORY
ORDER–THE BLOODY BUTCHERY AT FORT PILLOW–SAVAGE MALIGNITY OF THE REBELS–
A COMMON ERROR, CORRECTED–ARMING OF NEGROES COMMENCED BY THE REBELS–
SIMILAR SCHEME OF A REVOLUTIONARY HERO, IN 1778–REBEL CONGRESSIONAL ACT,
CONSCRIPTING NEGROES–JEFFERSON DAVIS’S POSITION–GENERAL LEE’S LETTER
TO BARKSDALE ON THE SUBJECT
CHAPTER XXII.
FREEDOM’S SUN STILL RISING.

DEFINITE CONGRESSIONAL ACTION, ON EMANCIPATION, GERMINATING–GLORIOUS
NEWS FROM THE WEST AND EAST–FALL OF VICKSBURG–GETTYSBURG–LINCOLN’S
GETTYSBURG ORATION–THE DRAFT–THE REBEL “FIRE IN THE REAR”–DRAFT RIOTS
IN NEW YORK–LINCOLN’S LETTER, AUGUST, 1863, ON THE SITUATION–
CHATTANOOGA–THE CHEERING FALL-ELECTIONS–VALLANDIGHAM’S DEFEAT–
EMANCIPATION AS A “POLITICAL” MEASURE–“THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT” REPORTED
IN THE SENATE–THADDEUS STEVENS’S RESOLUTIONS, AND TEST VOTE IN THE
HOUSE–LOVEJOY’S DEATH–ELOQUENT TRIBUTES OF ARNOLD, WASHBURNE,
GRINNELL, THADDEUS STEVENS, AND SUMNER
CHAPTER XXIII.
“THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT” IN THE SENATE.

GREAT DEBATE IN THE U. S. SENATE, ON EMANCIPATION–THE WHOLE VILLANOUS
HISTORY OF SLAVERY, LAID BARE–SPEECHES OF TRUMBULL, HENRY WILSON,
HARLAN, SHERMAN, CLARK, HALL, HENDERSON, SUMNER, REVERDY JOHNSON,
MCDOUGALL, SAULSBURY, GARRETT DAVIS, POWELL, AND HENDRICKS–BRILLIANT
ARRAIGNMENT AND DEFENSE OF “THE INSTITUTION”–U. S. GRANT, NOW “GENERAL
IN CHIEF”–HIS PLANS PERFECTED, HE GOES TO THE VIRGINIA FRONT–MR.
LINCOLN’S SOLICITUDE FOR THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT–BORDER–STATE
OBSTRUCTIVE MOTIONS, AMENDMENTS, AND SUBSTITUTES, ALL VOTED DOWN–MR.
LINCOLN’S LETTER TO HODGES, OF KENTUCKY, REVIEWING EMANCIPATION AS A WAR
MEASURE–THE DECISIVE FIELD-DAY (APRIL 8, 1864)–THE DEBATE ABLY CLOSED
–THE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT PASSED BY THE SENATE
CHAPTER XXIV.
TREASON IN THE NORTHERN CAMPS.

EMANCIPATION TEST–VOTES IN THE HOUSE–ARNOLD’S RESOLUTION–BLUE
PROSPECTS FOR THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT–LINCOLN’S ANXIETY–CONGRESSIONAL
COPPERHEADS–THINLY-DISGUISED TREASON–SPEECHES OF VOORHEES, WASHBURNE,
AND KELLEY–SPRINGFIELD COPPERHEAD PEACE-CONVENTION–“THE UNION AS IT
WAS”–PEACE ON ANY TERMS–VALLANDIGHAM’S LIEUTENANTS–ATTITUDE OF COX,
DAVIS, SAULSBURY, WOOD, LONG, ALLEN, HOLMAN, AND OTHERS–NORTHERN
ENCOURAGEMENT TO REBELS–CONSEQUENT SECOND INVASION, OF THE NORTH, BY
LEE–500,000 TREASONABLE NORTHERN “SONS OF LIBERTY”–RITUAL AND OATHS OF
THE “K. G. C.” AND “O. A. K.”–COPPERHEAD EFFORTS TO SPLIT THE NORTH
AND WEST, ON TARIFF-ISSUES–SPALDING AND THAD. STEVENS DENOUNCE
TREASON-BREEDING COPPERHEADS
CHAPTER XXV.
THE “FIRE IN THE REAR.”

THE REBEL MANDATE–“AGITATE THE NORTH!”–OBEDIENT COPPERHEADS–THEIR
DENUNCIATIONS OF THE GOVERNMENT–BROOKS, FERNANDO WOOD, AND WHITE, ON
THE “FOLLY” OF THE WAR FOR THE UNION–EDGERTON’S PEACE RESOLUTIONS–
ECKLEY, ON COPPERHEAD MALIGNITY–ALEXANDER LONG GOES “A BOW-SHOT BEYOND
THEM ALL”–HE PROPOSES THE ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF SOUTHERN INDEPENDENCE–
GARFIELD ELOQUENTLY DENOUNCES LONG’S TREASON–LONG DEFIANTLY REITERATES
IT–SPEAKER COLFAX OFFERS A RESOLUTION TO EXPEL LONG–COX AND JULIAN’S
VERBAL DUEL–HARRIS’S TREASONABLE BID FOR EXPULSION–EXTRAORDINARY SCENE
IN THE HOUSE–FERNANDO WOOD’S BID–HE SUBSEQUENTLY “WEAKENS”–EXCITING
DEBATE–LONG AND HARRIS VOTED “UNWORTHY MEMBERS” OF THE HOUSE
CHAPTER XXVI.
“THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT” DEFEATED IN THE HOUSE.

GLANCE AT THE MILITARY SITUATION–“BEGINNING OF THE END”–THE
CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT–HOLMAN “OBJECTS” TO “SECOND READING”–KELLOGG
SCORES THE COPPERHEAD-DEMOCRACY–CONTINUOUS “FIRE IN THE REAR” IN BOTH
HOUSES–THE PROPOSED AMENDMENT ATTACKED–THE ADMINISTRATION ATTACKED–
THE TARIFF ATTACKED–SPEECHES OF GARRETT DAVIS, AND COX–PEACE-
RESOLUTIONS OF LAZEAR AND DAVIS–GRINNELL AND STEVENS, SCORE COX AND
WOOD–HENDRICKS ON THE DRAFT–“ON” TO RICHMOND AND ATLANTA–VIOLENT
DIATRIBES OF WOOD, AND HOLMAN–FARNSWORTH’S REPLY TO ROSS, PRUYN, AND
OTHERS–ARNOLD, ON THE ETHICS OF SLAVERY–INGERSOLL’S ELOQUENT BURST–
RANDALL, ROLLINS, AND PENDLETON, CLOSING THE DEBATE–THE THIRTEENTH
AMENDMENT DEFEATED–ASHLEY’S MOTION TO RECONSIDER–CONGRESS ADJOURNS
CHAPTER XXVII.
SLAVERY DOOMED AT THE POLLS.

THE ISSUE BETWEEN FREEDOM AND SLAVERY–MR. LINCOLN’S RENOMINATION–
ENDORSED, AT ALL POINTS, BY HIS PARTY–HIS FAITH IN THE PEOPLE–HORATIO
SEYMOUR’S COPPERHEAD DECLARATIONS–THE NATIONAL DEMOCRACY DECLARE THE
WAR “A FAILURE”–THEIR COPPERHEAD PLATFORM, AND UNION CANDIDATE–
MCCLELLAN THEIR NOMINEE–VICTORIES AT ATLANTA AND MOBILE–FREMONT’S
THIRD PARTY–SUCCESSES OF GRANT AND SHERIDAN–DEATH OF CHIEF-JUSTICE
TANEY–MARYLAND BECOMES “FREE”–MORE UNION VICTORIES–REPUBLICAN “TIDAL-
WAVE” SUCCESS–LINCOLN RE-ELECTED–HIS SERENADE-SPEECHES–AMAZING
CONGRESSIONAL-RETURNS–THE DEATH OF SLAVERY INSURED–IT BECOMES SIMPLY A

MATTER OF TIME
CHAPTER XXVIII.
FREEDOM AT LAST ASSURED.

THE WINTER OF 1864–THE MILITARY SITUATION–THE “MARCH TO THE SEA”–
THOMAS AND HOOD–LOGAN’S INTERVIEW WITH THE PRESIDENT–VICTORIES OF
NASHVILLE AND SAVANNAH–MR. LINCOLN’S MESSAGE TO CONGRESS, ON THIRTEENTH
AMENDMENT–CONGRESSIONAL RECESS–PRESIDENT LINCOLN STILL WORKING WITH,
THE BORDER-STATE REPRESENTATIVES–ROLLINS’S INTERVIEW WITH HIM–THE
THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT UP, IN THE HOUSE, AGAIN–VIGOROUS AND ELOQUENT
DEBATE–SPEECHES OF COX, BROOKS, VOORHEES, MALLORY, HOLMAN, WOOD, AND
PENDLETON, AGAINST THE AMENDMENT–SPEECHES OF CRESWELL, SCOFIELD,
ROLLINS, GARFIELD, AND STEVENS, FOR IT–RECONSIDERATION OF ADVERSE VOTE
–THE AMENDMENT ADOPTED–EXCITING SCENE IN THE HOUSE–THE GRAND SALUTE TO
LIBERTY–SERENADE TO MR. LINCOLN–“THIS ENDS THE JOB”
CHAPTER XXIX.
LINCOLN’S SECOND INAUGURATION.

REBELLION ON ITS “LAST LEGS”–PEACE COMMISSIONS AND PROPOSITIONS–
EFFORTS OF GREELEY, JACQUES, GILMORE, AND BLAIR–LINCOLN’S ADVANCES–
JEFFERSON DAVIS’S DEFIANT MESSAGE TO HIM–THE PRESIDENT AND THE REBEL
COMMISSIONERS AT HAMPTON ROADS–VARIOUS ACCOUNTS, OF THE SECRET
CONFERENCE, BY PARTICIPANTS THE PROPOSITIONS ON BOTH SIDES–FAILURE–THE
MILITARY OUTLOOK–THE REBEL CAUSE DESPERATE–REBEL DESERTIONS–
“MILITARY” PEACE-CONVENTION PROPOSED BY REBELS–DECLINED–CORRESPONDENCE
BETWEEN GRANT AND LEE, ETC.–THE SECOND INAUGURATION OF PRESIDENT
LINCOLN–A STRANGE OMEN–HIS IMMORTAL SECOND-INAUGURAL
CHAPTER XXX.
COLLAPSE OF THE ARMED CONSPIRACY.

PROGRESS OF THE WAR–CAMPAIGN OF THE CAROLINAS, 1865–MEETING, AT CITY
POINT, OF LINCOLN, GRANT, AND SHERMAN–SHERMAN’S ACCOUNT OF WHAT PASSED
–GRANT NOW FEELS “LIKE ENDING THE MATTER”–THE BATTLES OF DINWIDDIE
COURT HOUSE AND FIVE FORKS–UNION ASSAULT ON THE PETERSBURG WORKS–UNION
VICTORY EVERYWHERE–PETERSBURG AND RICHMOND EVACUATED–LEE’S RETREAT CUT
OFF BATTLE OF SAILOR’S CREEK–GRANT ASKS LEE TO SURRENDER–LEE DELAYS–
SHERIDAN CATCHES HIM, AND HIS ARMY, IN A TRAP–THE REBELS SURRENDER, AT
APPOMATTOX–GRANT’S GENEROUS AND MAGNANIMOUS TERMS–THE STARVING REBELS
FED WITH UNION RATIONS–SURRENDER OF JOHNSTON’S ARMY–OTHER REBEL FORCES
SURRENDER–THE REBELLION STAMPED OUT–CAPTURE OF JEFFERSON DAVIS–THE
REBELS “YIELD EVERYTHING THEY HAD FOUGHT FOR”–THEY CRAVE PARDON AND
OBLIVION FOR THEIR OFFENCES
CHAPTER XXXI.
ASSASSINATION!

PRESIDENT LINCOLN AT RICHMOND–HIS RECEPTIONS AT JEFFERSON DAVIS’S
MANSION–RETURN TO WASHINGTON–THE NEWS OF LEE’S SURRENDER–LINCOLN’S
LAST PUBLIC SPEECH–HIS THEME, “RECONSTRUCTION”–GRANT ARRIVES AT THE
NATIONAL CAPITAL–PRESIDENT LINCOLN’S LAST CABINET MEETING–HIS FOND
HOPES OF THE FUTURE–AN UNHEEDED PRESENTIMENT–AT FORD’S THEATRE–THE
LAST ACCLAMATION OF THE PEOPLE–THE PISTOL SHOT THAT HORRIFIED THE
WORLD–SCULKING, RED HANDED TREASON–THE ASSASSINATION PLOT-COMPLICITY
OF THE REBEL AUTHORITIES, BELIEVED BY THE BEST INFORMED MEN–TESTIMONY
AS TO THREE ATTEMPTS TO KILL LINCOLN–THE CHIEF REBEL-CONSPIRATORS
“RECEIVE PROPOSITIONS TO ASSASSINATE”–A NATION’S WRATH–ANDREW
JOHNSON’S VEHEMENT ASSEVERATIONS–“TREASON MUST BE MADE ODIOUS”–
RECONSTRUCTION
CHAPTER XXXII.
TURNING BACK THE HANDS

“RECONSTRUCTION” OF THE SOUTH–MEMORIES OF THE WAR, DYING OUT–THE
FOURTEENTH AND FIFTEENTH AMENDMENTS–THE SOUTHERN STATES REHABILITATED
BY ACCEPTANCE OF AMENDMENTS, ETC.–REMOVAL OF REBEL DISABILITIES–
CLEMENCY OF THE CONQUERORS–THE OLD CONSPIRATORS HATCH A NEW CONSPIRACY
–THE “LOST CAUSE” TO BE REGAINED–THE MISSISSIPPI SHOT-GUN PLAN–FRAUD,
BARBARITY, AND MURDERS, EFFECT THE PURPOSE–THE “SOUTH” CEMENTED “SOLID”
BY BLOOD–PEONAGE REPLACES SLAVERY–THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION OF 1876–
THE TILDEN “BARREL,” AND “CIPHER DISPATCHES”–THE “FRAUD” CRY–THE OLD
LEADERS DICTATE THE DEMOCRATIC PRESIDENTIAL NOMINEE OF 1880–THEIR FREE-
TRADE ISSUE TO THE FRONT AGAIN–SUCCESSIVE DEMOCRATIC EFFORTS TO FORCE
FREE-TRADE THROUGH THE HOUSE, SINCE REBELLION–EFFECT OF SUCH EFFORTS–
REPUBLICAN MODIFICATIONS OF THEIR OWN PROTECTIVE TARIFF–THE “SOLID
SOUTH” SUCCEEDS, AT LAST, IN “ELECTING” ITS CANDIDATE FOR PRESIDENT–IS
THIS STILL A REPUBLIC, OR IS IT AN OLIGARCHY?
CHAPTER XXXIII.
WHAT NEXT?

THE PRESENT OUTLOOK–COMMERCIAL PROSPECTS, BRIGHT–WHAT THE PEOPLE OF
THE NORTHERN AND WESTERN STATES SEE–WHAT IS A “REPUBLICAN FORM OF
GOVERNMENT?”–WHAT DID THE FATHERS MEAN BY IT–THE REASON FOR THE
GUARANTEE IN THE NATIONAL CONSTITUTION–PURPOSES OF “THE PEOPLE” IN
CREATING THIS REPUBLIC–THE “SOLID-SOUTHERN” OLIGARCHS DEFEAT THOSE
PURPOSES–THE REPUBLICAN PARTY NOT BLAMELESS FOR THE PRESENT CONDITION
OF THINGS–THE OLD REBEL-CHIEFTAINS AND COPPERHEADS, IN CONTROL–THEY
GRASP ALMOST EVERYTHING THAT WAS LOST BY THE REBELLION–THEIR GROWING
AGGRESSIVENESS–THE FUTURE–“WATCHMAN, WHAT OF THE NIGHT?”

PORTRAITS.

MAPS.

SEAT OF WAR IN VIRGINIA.

FIRST BULL RUN BATTLE-FIELD.

FIRST BULL RUN BATTLE-FIELD, SHOWING POSITION OF ARMIES.
EDWARD D. BAKER,
BENJ. F. BUTLER,
J. C. BRECKINRIDGE,
JOHN C. CALHOUN,
HENRY CLAY,
J. J. CRITTENDEN,
HENRY WINTER DAVIS,
JEFFERSON DAVIS,
SIMON CAMERON,
STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS,
JOHN C. FREMONT,
H. W. HALLECK,
ISAAC W. HAYNE,
PATRICK HENRY,
DAVID HUNTER,
THOMAS JEFFERSON,
ABRAHAM LINCOLN,
GEO. B. MCCLELLAN,
THAD. STEVENS,
WM. H. SEWARD,
LYMAN TRUMBULL,
BENJ. F. WADE,
DANIEL WEBSTER,
LOUIS T. WIGFALL.

CHAPTER I.

A PRELIMINARY RETROSPECT.
To properly understand the condition of things preceding the great war
of the Rebellion, and the causes underlying that condition and the war
itself, we must glance backward through the history of the Country to,
and even beyond, that memorable 30th of November, 1782, when the
Independence of the United States of America was at last conceded by
Great Britain. At that time the population of the United States was
about 2,500,000 free whites and some 500,000 black slaves. We had
gained our Independence of the Mother Country, but she had left fastened
upon us the curse of Slavery. Indeed African Slavery had already in
1620 been implanted on the soil of Virginia before Plymouth Rock was
pressed by the feet of the Pilgrim Fathers, and had spread, prior to the
Revolution, with greater or less rapidity, according to the surrounding
adaptations of soil, production and climate, to every one of the
thirteen Colonies.

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