ENOCH'S LETTER TO METHUSELAH (pages 107-108)
This short section may be in the wrong location. It may have been a letter that Enoch gave to his son, with the book. Or it may have originally been at the end of the book, as a conclusion. It stands satisfactorily on its own, so I have kept to the order of the Ethiopian manuscripts.
ENOCH'S LETTER TO METHUSELAH
- And these three Holy ones brought me and set me on the earth in front of the door of my house, and said to me: “Tell everything to your son Methuselah, and show all your children that no flesh is righteous, before the Lord, for He created them.
- For one year we will leave you with your children, until you have regained your strength, so that you may teach your children and write these things down for them, and testify to all your children. And in the second year we will take you from amongst them.
- Let your heart be strong, for the good will proclaim righteousness to the good, the righteous will rejoice with the righteous and they will wish each other well.
- But the sinner will die with the sinner and the apostate will sink with the apostate.
- And those who practice righteousness will die because of the deeds of men, and will be gathered in because of the deeds of the impious.”
- And in those days they finished speaking to me and I went to my family as I blessed the Lord of Ages.
- And now, my son Methuselah, all these things I recount to you, and write down for you. I have revealed everything to you, and have given you books about all these things. Keep, my son Methuselah, the books from the hand of your father so that you may pass them on to the generations of eternity.
- have given wisdom to you, and to your children, and to those who will be your children, that they may give it to their children, for all the generations, forever, this wisdom that is beyond their thoughts.
- And those who understand it will not sleep, but will incline their ears that they may learn this wisdom, and it will be better for those who eatfrom it than good food.
THE LAW OF THE STARS (pages 110-112)
This chapter is the conclusion to the part of Enoch's book about astronomy and the calendar.
At 82.8, Enoch reports that the planets (powers of heaven) rotate in their orbits!
THE LAW OF THE STARS
- Blessed are all the righteous, blessed are all those who walk in the way of righteousness and do not sin like the sinners.In the numbering of all their days in which the Sun journeys in Heaven, coming in and out, through the Gates of Heaven, for thirty days.With the leaders of the thousands, of this order of stars, and with the four which are added, and divided between the four seasons of the year, which lead them and appear with them on four days.
- Because of them men go wrong, and they do not reckon them in the reckoning of the whole year; for men go wrong in respect of them and do not know them exactly.
- For they belong in the reckoning of the year, and are truly recorded forever, one in the first Gate, and one in the third, and one in the fourth and one in the sixth. And the year is completed in 364 days.
- And the account of it is true, and the recorded reckoning of it is exact, for the lights, and the months, and the feasts, and the years, and the days. Uriel showed me, and inspired me; he to whom the Lord of the whole created world gave commands about the Host of Heaven for me.
- And he has power in Heaven, over night and day, to cause light to shine on men; the Sun, the Moon, and the stars, and all the Powers of Heaven, which rotate in their orbits.
- And this is the Law of the Stars, which set in their places, at their times, and at their feasts, and in their months.
- And these are the names of those who lead them, who keep watch, so that they appear at their times, and in their orders, and in their months, and in their periods of rule, and in their positions.
- Their four leaders, who divide the four parts of the year, appear first; and after them the twelve leaders of the orders, who divide the months andthe years into 364 days, with the heads over thousands, who separate the days. And for the four days, that are added to them, there are the leaders who separate the four parts of the year.
- And as for these heads over thousands, one is added between the leader and the led, but their leaders make the separation.
- And these are the names of the leaders who separate the four appointed parts of the year: Melkiel, Helemmelek, Meleyal, and Narel.
- And the names of those whom they lead: Adnarel, Iyasusael, Iylumiel; these three follow behind the leaders of the orders. And all others follow behind the three leaders of the orders, who follow behind those leaders of positions, who separate the four parts of the year.
- In the beginning of the year, Melkiel rises first and rules, who is called the southern Sun - and all the days of his period, during which he rules, are ninety-one.
- And these are the signs of the days that are to be seen on the earth, in the days of his period of rule; sweat, and heat, and calm. And all the trees bear fruit, and leaves appear on all the trees, and the wheat harvest, and rose flowers. And all the flowers bloom in the field but the trees of winter are withered.
- And these are the names of the leaders who are under them: Berkeel, Zelebsael, and another one who is added, a head over a thousand, named Heloyaseph. And the days of the period of rule, of this one, are complete.
- The second leader, after him, is Helemmelec, whom they call the Shining Sun; and all the days of his light are ninety-one.
- And these are the signs of the days on earth: heat, and drought. And the trees bring their fruit to ripeness and maturity and make their fruit dry. And the sheep mate and become pregnant. And men gather all the fruits of the earth, and everything that is in the fields, and the vats of wine. And these things occur in the days of his period of rule.
- And these are the names, and the orders, and the leaders of these heads over thousands: Gedaeyal, Keel, and Heel. And the name of the head-over-a-thousand, who is added to them, is Asfael. And the days of his period of rule are complete.
ENOCH'S FIRST VISION (pages 114-116)
This chapter serves as a short introduction to the prophecy chapters. Enoch describes a disturbing dream he had when he was young.
ENOCH'S FIRST VISION
- And now, my son Methuselah, I will show you all the visions that I saw, recounting them before you.
- Two visions I saw, before I took a wife, and neither one was like the other. For the first time, when I learnt the art of writing, and for the second time, before I took your mother. I saw a terrible vision and concerning this I made supplication to the Lord.
- had lain down in the house of my grandfather, Malalel, when I saw in a vision how Heaven was thrown down, and removed, and it fell upon the Earth.
- And when it fell upon the Earth, I saw how the earth was swallowed up in a great abyss, and mountains were suspended on mountains, and hills sank down upon hills, and tall trees were torn up by their roots, and were thrown down, and sank into the abyss.
- And then speech fell into my mouth, and I raised my voice to cry out, and said: “The earth is destroyed!”
- And my grandfather, Malalel, roused me, since I lay near him, and said to me: “Why did you cry out so, my son, and why do you moan so?”
- And I recounted to him the whole vision, which I had seen, and he said to me: “A terrible thing you have seen, my son! Your dream vision concerns the secrets of all the sin of the Earth; it is about to sink into the abyss and be utterly destroyed.
- And now, my son, rise and make supplication to the Lord of Glory, for you are faithful, that a remnant may be left on the Earth and that he may not wipe out the whole Earth.
- My son, from Heaven all this will come upon the Earth, and upon the Earth there will be great destruction.”
- And then I rose and prayed, and made supplication, and wrote myprayer down for the generations of eternity, and I will show everything to you my son Methuselah.
- And, when I went out below and saw the sky, and the Sun rising in the east, and the Moon setting in the west, and some stars, and the whole Earth, and everything as He knew it since the beginning. Then I blessed the Lord of Judgment and ascribed Majesty to him, for he makes the Sun come out from the windows of the east, so that it ascends and rises on the face of Heaven, and follows the path which has been shown to it.
- And I raised my hands in righteousness and I blessed the Holy and Great One. And I spoke with the breath of my mouth, and with the tongue of flesh, which God has made for men born of flesh so that they might speak with it; and he has given them breath, and a tongue, and a mouth, so that they might speak with them.
- “Blessed are you, Oh Lord King, and great and powerful in your majesty, Lord of the whole Creation of Heaven, King of Kings, and God of the whole world! And your kingly authority, and your Sovereignty and your Majesty will last forever, and forever and ever, and your power, for all generations. And all the Heavens are your throne, forever, and the whole Earth your footstool forever, and ever and ever.
- For you made, and you rule, everything, and nothing is too hard for you, and no wisdom escapes you; it does not turn away from your throne nor from your presence. And you know, and see, and hear, everything, and nothing is hidden from you, for you see everything.
- And now the Angels of your Heaven are doing wrong and your anger rests upon the flesh of men until the day of the great judgment.
- And now, Oh God, Lord, and Great King, I entreat and ask that you will fulfill my prayer to leave me a posterity on Earth and not to wipe out all the flesh of men and make the earth empty so that there is destruction forever.
- And now, my Lord, wipe out from the earth the flesh that has provoked your anger, but the flesh of righteousness and uprightness establish as a seed bearing plant forever. And do not hide your face from the prayer of your servant, Oh Lord.”
PROPHECY OF THE ANIMALS (pages 120-135)
Although Enoch says here that it was a dream this is a long and detailed prophecy. The Watchers may have told him to say it was a dream. He has written it in his own words, his style is easily recognizable, particularly where the story is complicated.
Most of the contents of prophecy are now history and are recognizable as bible stories but the end stretches off into the future. There are no names or dates; different animals represent different nations or nationalities. The next chapter, The Ten Weeks, covers the same story but from a different viewpoint.
We start at 85.3 with Adam and Eve, and Cain and Abel. Cain and his descendants are at 85.5.
At 85.8 Seth is born to Eve. Next (85.9-10) there is Enoch's family line described in Genesis chapter 5.
The star at 86.1 is the first of the Watchers to appear. They are represented in this story by stars rather than as animals – another indication that they were the real authors or, at least, the editors of this chapter. This first one is the fall of Satan, perhaps a senior member of the Watchers, we don’t seem to have any reliable information on this story, the information here is that Satan caused people to be dissatisfied, they moved around and changed their wives.
The period covered by Enoch's book starts at 86.3 and continues through to 88.3. Here the runaways are described as fallen stars. This is also described at the start of chapter 6 in Genesis - Sons of God (Godlings in Hebrew) desired the daughters of men. These unions gave rise to giants (Nephilim - meaning “to fall”, as in ‘swoop down’).
At 87.2-3 Enoch describes how beings from heaven, and he actually says they looked like white men, raised him to their tower. 88.1-3 seems to describe serious warfare using advanced weapons. It is possible that this war and the events surrounding it are described in the Mahabharata an ancient Hindu text where the gods fight a war with many advanced weapons, nuclear missiles included, judging from the detailed descriptions in the text.
The story of Noah (possibly 17,000 BC) starts at 89.1 and continues through to
89.9. The flood starts at 89.2. Noah's three sons, Shem, Ham and Japheth, give rise to
all the animals (nations) at 89.10.
The white bull at the end of 89.10 is Abraham (possibly 2166 - 1991 BC). At
89.11 there is Abraham’s son Ishmael (2080 BC) the wild ass, and Isaac (2066 BC) the white bull.
Isaac has a wild boar, Esau, and a white sheep that is Jacob (2006 BC). At the end of 89.12 Jacob has twelve sons – the patriarchs of the 12 tribes.
At 89.13 Joseph is sold to the Ishmaelites or Midianites (asses) and then (1898 BC) to the Egyptians (wolves), see also Genesis 37.25 and 39.1.
Genesis 42 onwards is described at 89.14, the time in Egypt. At 89.15, we get to events covered in the book of Exodus.
There is a long section describing the life of Moses (1526 - 1406 BC), at 89.16 – 38; which is probably the reason why Moses believed that Enoch walked with God, (as stated in Genesis 5.22).
89.18 introduces Aaron and the parting of the Red Sea is described by the text at 89.24-25.
Crossing the river Jordan (1406 BC), 89.39, is chapter 3 in the book of Joshua. Also in this verse the Judges get a brief mention.
The ram at 89.41 is probably Samuel, followed by Saul, 89.42, (chapter 22 of 1Samuel in the bible), and these are followed by David (1010 - 970 BC) at 89.45.
The dogs are the Philistines.
The time of Solomon (970 - 930 BC) is at 89.48 and the building of the Temple at 89.50 (the tower).
The period after Solomon starts at 89.51 with the deaths of prophets. The one saved, 89.52, is Elijah.
At 89.56, "he left that house of theirs" probably refers to the time of King Manasseh when the Levites took the Ark of the Covenant and left Israel (around 670 BC). They also took Enoch's book, and eventually settled in Ethiopia. The lions in this part are the Assyrians.
There is a change of scene at 89.59, which probably coincides with the religious reforms under Josiah (620 BC) see chapter 34 of 2Chronicles. Then there are the 70 shepherds; these are various religious leaders in Jerusalem since that time.
At 89.66 there is the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem by the Babylonians (587 BC).
The return after the exile (538 BC) is at 89.72. The three who return are Ezra,
Haggai, and Zechariah, who all have books in the Bible.
The second temple period, is at 89.73, this is described in Malachi (450 - 400 BC) his book is the last book of the Old Testament.
The eagles first appear in the story at 90.2 they are the Romans. Fifty-eight of the shepherds have served their time by verse 90.5. The small lambs with open eyes (90.6) may be the Essenes.
At 90.8 there is the death of John the Baptist - by the ravens.
Jesus is the "sheep with the big horn" at 90.9-16. Interestingly, it does not say specifically that he is killed, only that his ministry is stopped by a conspiracy.
At 90.17, the final twelve shepherds have their own book. This must be the Christian era.
The prophecy then goes into the future. At 90.18, God strikes the earth in anger. This is the "second end" in the next section. There are no recognizable events after this, the story goes far off into the future and only time will reveal its meaning.
PROPHECY OF THE ANIMALS
- And after this I saw another dream, and I will show it all to you, my son.
- And Enoch raised his voice and said to his son Methuselah: “To you I speak, my son. Hear my words, and incline your ear to the dream vision of your father.
- Before I took your mother, Edna, I saw a vision on my bed: - and behold - a bull came out of the earth, and that bull was white.And, after it, a heifer came out, and with the heifer came two bullocks, and one of them was black and the other red.
- And that black bullock struck the red one, and pursued it over the earth, and from then on I could not see that red bullock.
- But that black bullock grew, and a heifer went with it; and I saw that many bulls came out from it, which were like it, and followed behind it.
- And that cow, that first one, came from the presence of that first bull, seeking that red bullock, but did not find it. And then it moaned bitterly and continued to seek it.
- And I looked until that first bull came to it, and calmed it, and from that time it did not cry out.
- And after this, she bore another white bull, and after this she bore many black bulls and cows.
- And I saw, in my sleep, that white bull, how it likewise grew and became a large white bull. And from it came many white bulls, and they were like it.
- And they began to beget many white bulls that were like them - one following another.
- And again, I looked with my eyes as I was sleeping, and I saw Heaven above, and behold, a star fell from Heaven, and it arose and ate andpastured amongst those bulls.
- And, after this, I saw the large and the black bulls, and behold, all of them changed their pens, and their pastures, and their heifers. And they began to moan, one after another.
- And, again, I saw in the vision and looked up at Heaven, and behold, I saw many stars, how they came down, and were thrown down from Heaven to that first star, and fell amongst those heifers and bulls. They were with them pasturing amongst them.
- And I looked at them and saw, and behold, all of them let out their private parts, like horses, and began to mount the cows of the bulls. And they all became pregnant and bore elephants, camels, and asses.
- And all the bulls were afraid of them, and were terrified in front of them. And they began to bite with their teeth, and to devour, and to gore with their horns.
- And so they began to devour those bulls, and behold, all the sons of the Earth began to tremble and shake before them and to flee.
- And again I saw them, how they began to gore one another, and to devour one another, and the Earth began to cry out.
- And I raised my eyes again to Heaven, and saw in the vision, and behold, there came from Heaven beings that were like white men. And four came from that place, and three others with them.
- And those three, who came out last, took hold of me by my hand and raised me from the generations of the Earth, and lifted me up onto a high place, and showed me a tower high above the earth, and all the hills were lower.
- And one said to me: “Remain here until you have seen everything which is coming upon these elephants, and camels, and asses, and upon the stars, and upon all the bulls.”
- And I saw one of those four who had come out first, how he took holdof that first star, which had fallen from Heaven, and bound it by its hands and feet, and threw it into an abyss. And that abyss was narrow, and deep, and horrible, and dark.
- And one of them drew his sword, and gave it to those elephants, camels, and asses; and they began to strike one another, and the whole Earth shook because of them.
- And as I looked in the vision, behold, one of those four who had come out cast a line from Heaven and gathered and took all the large stars; those whose private parts were like the private parts of horses, and bound them all by their hands and their feet, and threw them into a chasm of the Earth.
- And one of those four, went to a white bull, and taught him a mystery, trembling as he was. He was born a bull, but became a man, and built for himself a large vessel, and dwelt on it, and three bulls went with him in that vessel, and they were covered over.
- And, again, I raised my eyes to Heaven and saw a high roof with seven water channels on it, and those channels discharged much water into an enclosure.
- And I looked again, and behold, springs opened on the floor of that large enclosure, and water began to bubble up, and to rise above the floor. And I looked at that enclosure until its whole floor was covered by water.
- And water, darkness, and mist increased on it, and I looked at the height of that water, and that water had risen above that enclosure and was pouring out over the enclosure, and it remained on the earth.
- And all the bulls of that enclosure were gathered together, until I saw how they sank, and were swallowed up, and destroyed, in that water.
- And that vessel floated on the water, but all the bulls, elephants, camels, and asses sank to the bottom, together with all the animals, so that I could not see them. And they were unable to get out, but were destroyed, and sank into the depths.
- And, again, I looked at that vision until those water channels were removed from that high roof, and the chasms of the Earth were made level, and other abysses were opened.
- And the water began to run down into them, until the earth became visible, and that vessel settled on the earth and the darkness departed, and light appeared.
- And that white bull, who became a man, went out from that vessel, and the three bulls with him. And one of the three bulls was white, like that bull, and one of them was red as blood, and one was black. And that white bull passed away from them.
- And they began to beget wild animals and birds, so that there arose from them every kind of species: lions, tigers, wolves, dogs, hyenas, wild- boars, foxes, badgers, pigs, falcons, vultures, kites, eagles, and ravens. But amongst them was born a white bull.
- And they began to bite one another but that white bull, which was born amongst them, begat a wild ass and a white bull with it, and the wild asses increased.
- But that bull, which was born from it, begat a black wild boar and a white sheep, and that wild-boar begat many boars and that sheep begat twelve sheep.
- And when those twelve sheep had grown, they handed one of their number over to the asses, and those in turn, handed that sheep over to the wolves; and that sheep grew up amongst the wolves.
- And the Lord brought the eleven sheep to dwell with it, and to pasture with it amongst the wolves, and they increased and became many flocks of sheep.
- And the wolves began to make them afraid, and they oppressed them until they made away with their young, and then they threw their young into a river with much water; but those sheep began to cry out because oftheir young, and to complain to their Lord.
- But a sheep, which had been saved from the wolves, fled and escaped to the wild asses. And I saw the sheep moaning and crying out, and petitioning the Lord with all their power, until that Lord of the sheep came down at the call of the sheep, from a high room, and came to them, and looked at them.
- And he called that sheep, which had fled from the wolves, and spoke to it about the wolves, that it should warn them that they should not touch the sheep.
- And the sheep went to the wolves, in accordance with the Word of the Lord, and another sheep met that sheep and went with it. And the two of them together, entered the assembly of those wolves, spoke to them, and warned them that from then on, they should not touch those sheep.
- And after this, I saw the wolves, how they acted even more harshly towards the sheep, with all their power, and the sheep called out.
- And their Lord came to the sheep and began to beat those wolves; and the wolves began to moan, but the sheep became silent and from then on they did not cry out.
- And I looked at the sheep until they escaped from the wolves; but the eyes of the wolves were blinded, and those wolves went out in pursuit of the sheep with all their forces.
- And the Lord of the sheep went with them, as he led them, and all his sheep followed him; and his face was glorious, and his appearance terrible and magnificent.
- But the wolves began to pursue those sheep until they met them by a stretch of water.
- And that stretch of water was divided, and the water stood on one side, and on the other, before them. And their Lord as he led them, stood between them and the wolves.
- And while those wolves had not yet seen the sheep, they went into the middle of that stretch of water; but the wolves pursued the sheep, and those wolves ran after them into that stretch of water.
- But when they saw the Lord of the sheep they turned to flee in front of him; but that stretch of water flowed together again, and suddenly resumed its natural form, and the water swelled up, and rose until it covered those wolves.
- And I looked until all the wolves that had pursued those sheep were destroyed and drowned.
- But the sheep escaped that water, and went to a desert, where there was neither water, nor grass. And they began to open their eyes and see, and I saw the Lord of the sheep pasturing them, and giving them water and grass, and that sheep going and leading them.
- And that sheep went up to the summit of a high rock and the Lord of the sheep sent it to them.
- And after this, I saw the Lord of the sheep standing before them, and his appearance was terrible and majestic, and all those sheep saw him and were afraid of him.
- And all of them were afraid and trembled before him; and they cried out to that sheep, with those who were in their midst: “We cannot stand before our Lord nor look at him.”
- And that sheep, which led them, again went up to the summit of that rock; and the sheep began to be blinded, and go astray from the path which had been shown to them, but that sheep did not know.
- And the Lord of the sheep was extremely angry with them, and that sheep knew, and went down from the summit of the rock, and came to the sheep, and found the majority of them, with their eyes blinded, and going astray from his path.
- And when they saw it they were afraid and trembled before it and
wished that they could return to their enclosure. And that sheep took some other sheep with it, and went to those sheep that had gone astray, and then began to kill them; and the sheep were afraid of it. And that sheep brought back those sheep that had gone astray, and they returned to their enclosures.