Cosmology, March 22, 2017
Rhawn Gabriel Joseph

Abraham Lincoln Dreams Of His Death

In April of 1965, less than two weeks before he was gunned down by an assassin’s bullet, President Abraham Lincoln dreamed of his own assassination. Lincoln told this dream to his wife and to several friends including his long time companion Ward Hill Lamon (1911) who was Lincoln’s personal friend and former law partner. According to Lincoln:

“About ten days ago, I retired very late. I had been up waiting for important dispatches from the front. I could not have been long in bed when I fell into a slumber, for I was weary. I soon began to dream. There seemed to be a death-like stillness about me. Then I heard subdued sobs, as if a number of people were weeping. I thought I left my bed and wandered downstairs. There the silence was broken by the same pitiful sobbing, but the mourners were invisible. I went from room to room; no living person was in sight, but the same mournful sounds of distress met me as I passed along. I saw light in all the rooms; every object was familiar to me; but where were all the people who were grieving as if their hearts would break? I was puzzled and alarmed. What could be the meaning of all this? Determined to find the cause of a state of things so mysterious and so shocking, I kept on until I arrived at the East Room, which I entered. There I met with a sickening surprise. Before me was a catafalque, on which rested a corpse wrapped in funeral vestments. Around it were stationed soldiers who were acting as guards; and there was a throng of people, gazing mournfully upon the corpse, whose face was covered, others weeping pitifully. ‘Who is dead in the White House?’ I demanded of one of the soldiers, ‘The President,’ was his answer; ‘he was killed by an assassin.’ Then came a loud burst of grief from the crowd, which woke me from my dream. I slept no more that night; and although it was only a dream, I have been strangely annoyed by it ever since.”

Consciousness and the Past Present Future are Entangled

“The distinctions between past present and future are illusions.” – Albert Einstein

In quantum mechanics, where reality and the quantum continuum are a unity, time is also a unity such that the future present past are a continuum which are linked and the same could be said of personal consciousness which has a time-line extending backwards in time to the birth of that consciousness and into the future until that consciousness is extinguished at death–just as the majestic thousand year old tree which has fallen to its death, is linked-in-time to the seedling from which it first struggled to greet the sun. As such, the time-line of an individual, like a continuous string, exists in the future and in the present and past.

If considered as a “world line” and in space-like instead of time-like intervals, then consciousness from birth to death would be linked as a basic unity extending not in time but in space and the same could be said of time and consciousness which is entangled with the quantum continuum which encompasses past, present and future, as time also has a “world line” and is immeshed and entangled with the continuum. Hence, time, space, and consciousness are linked and interact as is also demonstrated by entanglement and the Uncertainty Principle.

When considered as a unity within the quantum continuum, time and consciousness exist in the future, past, present, simultaneously. Consciousness which exists in the future is entangled with consciousness which exists in the present and the past–like a rope of string stretched out and extending in all directions from the birth to death of that consciousness.

Consider Lincoln’s dream of his own assassination. Lincoln was assassinated, and from the perspective of the present moment, this took place in the past. When Lincoln had the dream, and from his time-line perspective, the assassination takes place in the future. The Lincoln who had the dream is the Lincoln who was murdered; and if considered a string which begins at birth and ends with his death, then by plucking the string the entire string will vibrate such that what occurs in the future can affect the past. Thus, information may also be conveyed from the future to the past, perhaps along the rope of consciousness which extends in all directions and dimensions and is entangled with the quantum continuum which encompasses the past, present, and future.

The future may effect the past and a conscious mind in the past, may be effected by the future as the distinctions between past, present and future are an illusions and all are entangled.

The Quantum Physics of Entanglement and Retrocausation

It is well established that particles respond to and can influence and affect distant particles at speeds faster than light. This “spooky action at a distance” has been attributed to “fields,” “mediator particles,” gravity, and “quantum entanglement” (Bokulich & Jaeger, 2010; Juan et al. 2013; Sonner 2013).

It has been repeatedly demonstrated that entanglement swapping protocols can entangle two remote photons without any interaction between them and even with a significant time-like separation (Ma et al., 2012; Megidish et al. 2013; Peres 2000); the measurement of one simultaneously effects the measurement of another although separated by vast distances. . For example, two particles which are far apart have “spin” and they may spin up or down. However, an observer who measures and verifies the spin of particle A will at the same time effect the spin of particle B, as verified by a second observer. Measuring particle A, effects particle B and changes its spin.

Likewise observing the spin of B determines the spin of A. There is no temporal order as the spin of one effects the spin of the other simultaneously through the simple act of measurements. Even distant objects are entangled and have a symmetrical relationship and a constant conjunction (Bokulich & Jaeger, 2010; Plenio 2007; Sonner 2013).

If considered as a unity with no separations in time and space, then to effect one point in time-space is to effect all points which are entangled; and one of those entangled connections is consciousness (Joseph 2010a). And this gives rise to the uncertainty principle (Heisenberg, 1927) as the laws of cause and effect are violated. Correlation is not causation and it can’t always be said with certainty which is the cause and which is the effect and this is because the cosmos is entangled.

Moreover, the decisions and measurements made in the future can effect the present. In one set of experiments entanglement was demonstrated following a delayed choice and even before there was a decision to make a choice. Specifically, four photons were created and two were measured and which became entangled such that the measurement of one effected the other simultaneously. However, if at a later time a choice was then made to measure the remaining two photons, all four became entangled before it was decided to do a second measurement, before the choice was even made in the future (Ma et al., 2012; Peres 2000).

Entanglement can occur independent of and before the act of measurement and choices made in the future can effect the present. “The time at which quantum measurements are taken and their order, has no effect on the outcome of a quantum mechanical experiment” (Megidish et al. 2013). Moreover, “two photons that exist at separate times can be entangled” (Megidish et al. 2013). As detailed by Megidish et al (2013): “In the scenario we present here, measuring the last photon affects the physical description of the first photon in the past, before it has even been measured. Thus, the “spooky action” is steering the system’s past. Another point of view…is that the measurement of the first photon is immediately steering the future physical description of the last photon. In this case, the action is on the future of a part of the system that has not yet been created.”

Therefore, entanglement between photons takes place even before the second photon even exists; “a manifestation of the non-locality of quantum mechanics not only in space, but also in time” (Megidish et al 2013). In other words, a photon may become entangled with another photon which is created and exists only in the future. Moreover, even after the first photon ceases to exist and before the second photon is created, both become entangle. Photons that do not exist can effect photons which do exist and photons which no longer exist and photons which will exist (Megidish et al. 2013); and this principle applies to electrons, photons, atoms, molecules and even diamonds separated by great distances (Lee et al. 2011; Matson 2012; Olaf et al. 2003; Schrodinger & Born 1935). The effect may even precede the cause even though the effect takes place in the future, as all are linked within the basic oneness of the quantum continuum which encompasses the past present future which are entangled.

The same principles can be applied to conscious phenomenon, including the experience of deja vu, premonitions, and dreams of events taking place in the future which is entangled with the present and that consciousness which exists in the future and in the past.

The past present and future are not only an illusion, but are a simultaneity; and this explains why entanglement (what Einstein called “spooky action at a distance”) takes place faster than the speed of light (Plenio 2007; Juan et al. 2013; Francis 2012; Schrodinger & Dirac 1936), effecting electrons, photons, atoms, molecules and even diamonds separated by great distances instantaneously (Lee et al. 2011; Matson 2012; Olaf et al. 2003; Schrodinger & Born 1935). The effect may even precede the cause since it takes place faster than light. Even distant objects are entangled and have a symmetrical relationship and a constant conjunction (Bokulich & Jaeger, 2010; Plenio 2007; Sonner 2013).

If considered as a unity with no separations in time and space, then to effect one point in time-space is to effect all points which are entangled; and one of those entangled connections is consciousness which may dream of the future in the past.

Dream-Time and the Many Worlds of Quantum Physics

In dream-time past-present-future and the three dimensions of space may exist simultaneously as a gestalt thereby violating all the rules of causality abut not the laws of quantum physics. During dream-time events may occur in a logical or semi-logical temporal sequence, or they may be juxtaposed and make no sense at all to an external consciousness which is dependent on temporal sequences to achieve understanding. Because the future past present exist simultaneously, then a consciousness may experience de ja vu, have a premonition, or dream of the future or future events which take place in the future, but are entangled with the past.

Aberfan Disaster Dream-Time Precognition

Aberfan is a small village in South Wales. Throughout late September and October 1966, heavy rain lashed down on the area and seeped into the porous sandstone of the hills which surrounded the town and against which abutted the village school (Barker 1967).

On September 27 1966, Mrs SB of London dreamed about a school on a hillside, and a horrible avalanche which killed many children.

On October 14, 1966 Mrs GE from Sidcup, dreamed about a group of screaming children being covered by an avalanche of coal.

On October 20, 1966 Mrs MH, dreamed about a group of children who were trapped in a rectangular room and the children were screaming and trying to escape.

On October 20, 1966, a 10 year old child living in Aberfan woke up screaming from a nightmare. She told her parents that in her dream she was trying to go to school when “something black had come down all over it” and there was “no school there.”

On October 21, 1966, part of the rain soaked hills of Aberfan gave way and half a million tons of debris slid toward the village of Aberfan and slammed into the village school. The 10 year old girl who dreamed of the tragedy and 115 other schoolchildren and 28 adults lost their lives when the school was smashed and covered with mud. There were less than a dozen survivors (Baker, 1967).

Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand: Dream-Time Precognition

In June of 1914, Austria was seeking to expand it’s central European empire; plans which were resented by neighboring states, including Serbia, who wished to remain independent. That same month, the Archduke Francis Ferdinand, nephew of the Austrian Emperor Francis Joseph, went on a diplomatic tour accompanied by his wife, to build alliances with the leaders of these independent nations. In late June he and his wife arrived in Sarajevo, Serbia.

On the evening of June 27, 1914, Bishop Joseph Lanyi prepared for bed and upon falling asleep he began to dream. The Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the throne of Austria, had been the Bishop’s student and pupil, and late that night the Archduke appeared in Bishop Lanyi’s dream. The dream became a nightmare and at 3:15 AM Bishop Joseph Lanyi awoke, frightened, upset and in tears. He glanced at the clock, dressed himself, and because the dream was so horrible, he wrote it down:

“At a quarter past three on the morning of 28th June, 1914, I awoke from a terrible dream. I dreamed that I had gone to my desk early in the morning to look through the mail that had come in. On top of all the other letters there lay one with a black border, a black seal, and the arms of the Archduke. I immediately recognized the letter’s handwriting, and saw at the head of the notepaper in blue colouring a picture which showed me a street and a narrow side-street. Their Highnesses sat in a car, opposite them sat a General, and an Officer next to the chauffeur. On both sides of the street there was a large crowd. Two young men sprang forward and shot at their Highnesses.”

In the dream, Bishop Lanyi read the dream-letter, which had been written by the Archduke. According to the Bishop’s account, which he wrote down in the early predawn hours of June 28, the dream letter from the Archduke was as follows: “Dear Dr Lanyi: Your Excellency. I wish to inform you that my wife and I were the victims of a political assassination. We recommend ourselves to your prayers. Cordial greetings from your Archduke Franz. Sarajevo, 28th June, 3.15 a.m.

Bishop Joseph Lanyi was convinced that the Archduke had been assassinated, and called his parishioners and household staff to tell them of the terrible news. Later that morning of June 28, 1914, the Bishop held a mass for the Archduke and his wife. But, the Archduke were still alive and would not be shot dead for another 2 hours.

On June 28, 1914, at 11 a.m., as the Archduke and his wife were leaving a ceremony at Sarajevo, a Serbian nationalist leaped from the crowd and killed them both. It was the Archduke’s assassination which triggered World War One.

The Big Dream and the Quantum Wave Function

In the ancient world, be it Greek, Rome, Egypt, or Babylon, it was believed that some dreams contain important information regarding not only the individual, but his friends, family, and even the entire clan, village, city, or nation: The “big dream” of a child, woman, or man, were taken seriously by highly sophisticated and cultured ancient societies and were even announced two thousand years ago in the Roman Senate.Throughout history, the dreams of generals, kings, queens, emperors, and Pharaohs, were commonly scrutinized and their symbolism interpreted as they were believed to foretell the future.

What may distinguish the “big dream” from the “little dream” is the importance and impact of the future event on the “wave function”–just as a big rock vs a little rock, when tossed into a shimmering pond, will create bigger vs smaller waves and which ripple further and have greater impact on distant shores.

At one level within the quantum continuum, all of existence, including consciousness consists of particles and waves. Quantum theory merges the particle and wave. The wave function describes all the various possible states of the particle. The wave function is the particle spread out over space.

The wave function of a person sitting on their couch, would, at close proximity, resemble a quantum cloud in the general shape of their body and the couch–and the wave would spread out over space, but becoming vanishingly small until perhaps disappearing and becoming one with the quantum continuum.

All of the universe, including consciousness and the past present future have a wave function. Thus, the wave function of the future and of consciousness in that future, would also spread out and ripple across the sands of time and impacting the distant shores of the wave function of the conscious mind in the past, as all are entangled.

Precognition dreams are common and often involve negative, unhappy, unpleasant events such as deaths, disasters or personal calamities (Fukuda 2002; Lange et al. 2001; Ryback & Sweitzer, 1990), or, events of minor importance such as dreaming of a blond girl in a pink dress holding a blue balloon, and the next day observing several children holding balloons, one of whom is blonde and wearing a pink dress. About 40% of precognitive dreams are linked to an event that takes place the following day, or which are about to occur just minutes or seconds in the future.

Numerous studies have proved that most dreams last just seconds, even though they may be experienced as taking place over hours or days–and this is a function of accelerated dream consciousness, or what could be construed as dreaming at the speed of light as the brain is in a paradoxical state of exceedingly heightened activity. As such, the dream may be triggered by something that will occur in the distant or immediate future–and these are often the most common forms precognition dreaming. A famous dream dreamt by French physicist Alfred Maury is a classic example:

“I was rather unwell, and was lying down in my room, when I fell asleep and dreamed of the Reign of Terror [during the French Revolution]. I witnessed massacres… then I was appearing before the Revolutionary tribunal. I saw Robespierre, Marat, Fouquier-Tinville, all the most wicked figures of that terrible era; I talked to them; finally, after many events that I only partly remember, I was judged, condemned to death, taken out in a tumbril through a huge throng to the Place de la Revolution; I mounted the scaffold; the executioner tied me to that fatal plank, he tipped it up, the blade fell; I felt my head separating from my body, I woke up racked by the deepest anguish, and felt the bedpost on my neck. It had broke and had suddenly come off and had fallen on my cervical vertebrae just like the guillotine blade.”

Certainly it would be expected that a major blow to the head and neck would cause instant waking. But in this instance, it did not. Instead, the blow to his neck occurred in the future, and the dream was woven around that event which was about to take place in the future, and the dreamer experienced a long and convoluted dream which was initiated by what was about to happen, and which could also be considered a warning of what was about to happen; albeit in the unique dream-language characteristic of dreams.

In numerous studies, anywhere from 17.8 % to 66% of individuals report that they experienced at least one precognitive dream. Like the dream of Alfred Maury, most of these are “little dream”, such as a convoluted dream which logically leads up to the ringing of the phone or a knock on the door.

Coincidence, Parallel Worlds, and the Law of Averages

“Big Dreams” and precognitive dreams have been dismissed as due to “coincidence” and should be rejected based on the “law of large numbers.” For example, the odds are with so many dreamers having dreams about so many different themes, that a few of them will have dreams about an airplane crash or a ship that sinks. If the next day a ship sinks or a plane crashes, this is merely coincidence. Hence, if precognitive dreams were real, they should be more commonplace, with more dreamers coming forward, and thus there should be a high “hit rate” when there is not; and as such “precognitive dreams” must be pure coincidence.

It may be, however, that just as there are men and women extraordinarily skilled in music, math, art, or athletics, some may be more adept than others at consciously perceiving these waves vs ripples across the sea of time.

Mozart heard his music in his head, already composed. He wrote it down, making few or no corrections, as if taking dictation, as he listened to it, as if it was a radio playing the music inside his head.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) is considered to be one of the most gifted and talented composers and performers of all time. His famous symphonies include “Jupiter”, “Haffner” and “Prague” but in modern time he is best known for his operas including “The Marriage of Figaro”, “Don Giovanni” and “The Magic Flute.” However, according to Mozart, and his wife, many of his works he heard in his mind, “already composed.”

Mozart was a child prodigy, and by age 10 he was already a famous composer and performer. However, even at this tender age, this musical melodic genius, and extreme virtuoso, often wrote out his compositions without need for but minor corrections. By age 12 years old, Mozart had written 3 operas, 6 symphonies and over 100 other musical works and had performed for kings and queens.

Mozart reported that while he walked about, that he could hear the music in his mind, fully composed, being played by a symphony, and wrote it down as he heard it: “es ist alles komponiert, aber noch nicht geschrieben” (“I have already composed it”).

As stated in the Nannerl and Leopold Novello diaries: “When some grand composition was working in his brain he was purely abstracted, walked about the apartment and knew not what was going on about him, but when once arranged in his mind, he needed no piano forte but would take music paper and begin writing.”

Of course, he would also sometimes make minor corrections so not all his manuscripts are completely clean replicas of these stream of consciousness musical compositions. However, despite the fact that some of his compositions have corrections, the fact remains that the composition, in its entirety would first appear in his head, and then he would write down the finished product.

Perhaps there is a cosmic consciousness, a quantum continuum of consciousness, which contains all information, and that one need only a brain that can tune in and tap into select channels. Or, a Mozart in the future who composed the music in the future, is entangled with the mind of a Mozart who exists in the past. Because music is composed in the future, and due to entanglement, Mozart in the past/present then hears the composition already composed in his head; and that’s because he is composing it in the future.

In the parallel universe, multiple worlds model of Everett (1956, 1957) and Dewitt (1971), when a physicist measures an object, the universe splits into two distinct universes, one of particles, the other of waves. In one universe, he measures the wave form, in the other universe he measures the particle; which is why he can’t measure both at the same time. Hence, Mozart in one universe composes and plays the music, and the Mozart in the other universe hears it in his head. He had a rare talent. Not everyone is a Mozart.

Contrast the ability of the average man and woman, of which there are billions, and professional baseball players and their ability to get a “hit” when thrown a 90 MPH fast ball. Most of the billion average souls on this planet might get no hits at all. If we combine and average the hits (and misses) of professionals and non-professionals, then the odds of getting a hit are impossibly low. Hence, every time the professional player gets a hit, then it must be a coincidence, because 99% of all other humans can’t do it, and most of the time he can’t do it, and the overall odds and hit rate are so low.

Even if we restrict our analysis to professionals, the averages do not look very good. Consider, from 2000 until 2016, the average baseball batting average ranged around 267. In 2013-2015, during regular season play, out of 750 major league players, 725 had a batting average of less than 30% ( Taking into considering fowl balls and hits which result in “outs”, but considering that each player has at least 3 opportunities each time at bat to hit the ball, and then factoring in that .267 average, it could be said that the average professional baseball player actually gets a base hit less than 10% of the time. Obviously this does not mean that the bat striking the ball is merely a coincidence because 90% of the time there are no hits. The same standard should be applied to precognitive “Big Dreams” and little dreams.

Relativity and Accelerated Dream Consciousness

It is through dreams that we may be transported to worlds that defy the laws of physics and which obeys their own laws of time, space, motion and conscious reality, where the future is juxtaposed with the past and where time runs backwards and forwards. Not uncommonly the dream will include so many branching and overlapping multiple realities that it makes no sense at all, except to those skilled in the art of interpreting dream symbolism Indeed, it is due to the non-temporal, often gestalt nature of dreams which require that they be consciously scrutinized from multiple angles in order to discern their meaning, for the last may be first and what is missing may be just as significant as what is there.

Throughout history it has been believed that dreams open doors to alternate realities, to the future, to the past, and the hereafter, where the spiritual world sits at the boundaries of the physical; hence the tendency to bury the dead in a sleeping position even 100,000 years ago. Although but a dream, the dream is experienced during dream consciousness much as the waking world is experienced by waking consciousness. The dream is real. Thus, throughout history dreams have been taken seriously especially when they gave glimpses of the future.

During dream sleep, the brain is in a heightened state of accellarated, paroxysmal activity as measured by electrophysiological indices. During the dream, events may unfold over a period of hours, even days, even though the dream lasted only seconds.

Relativity predicts that observers with an accelerated frame of reference experience time-contraction and a shrinking of time-space such that the future and the present come closer together relative to those with a different frame of reference (Einstein et al. 1923, Einstein 1961). Thus, since dream-consciousness and dream-time are also associated with accelerated levels of brain activity, during dream-time, the dreamer may see or experience the future before that future is experienced by the awake conscious mind or the consciousness of those external observers who have a different frame of reference as regard to the contraction of time.

In dream-time past-present-future and the three dimensions of space may exist simultaneously as a gestalt thereby violating all the rules of causality abut not the laws of quantum physics. During dream-time events may occur in a logical or semi-logical temporal sequence, or they may be juxtaposed and make no sense at all to an external consciousness which is dependent on temporal sequences to achieve understanding. Because the future past present may exist simultaneously and as the future may be experienced in a dream during accelerated states of brain activity, then during dream consciousness the dreamer may get glimpses of future events which may occur within days, the next morning, or which may even trigger wakefulness. In other words, just as increased velocity causes a contraction of space-time thereby decreasing the distance between the present and the future (Einstein 1961, Einstein et al. 2913), accelerated dream-consciousness may therefore transport the dreamer to the future which is entangled with the consciousness of the same observer which is still in the past.

This could be likened to the twin-paradox, where the time traveling twin reaches the future in less time than his/her twin back on Earth. Dream-time consciousness vs consciousness in the waking state, could be considered entangled twins, one of which accelerates to the future, the other awakening in its bed.

However, if the dreamer dreams the “big dream” vs the “small dream” may depend upon the wave function of that event which takes place in the future, and the ability to remember the dream upon waking.

Parallel Worlds and Dream Consciousness

In studies of entanglement, it has also been proposed that activity, or a measurement, in the present may exert a steering function on the future, via entanglement. If correct, then perhaps the dream of the future, is a dream that determines or influences the future.

Could the wave function of the dreaming Alfred Maury have caused his bedpost to break and fall upon his head? Entanglement and Everett’s “Many worlds” interpretation says “yes.”

Unlike conscious-time and the conscious mind, the dream-kaleidescape of dream-time and dream-consciousness could best be described as manifestation of the “Many worlds” interpretation of quantum physics: all worlds are possible and past and future and time and space are juxtaposed and intermingled; time can run backward and forward simultaneously and at varying speeds, and multiple realities come and go no matter now improbable.

According to Everett’s theory, every action, every measurements, every behavior, every choice, even not choosing, can create a new reality, another world, generating a bifurcation between what happened and what did not happen, such that innumerable possibilities and possible worlds arise from every action, including realties which do not obey the laws of physics and cause and effect.

As conceived by Everett (1956, 1957) and Dewitt (1971), when a physicist measures an object, the universe splits into two distinct universes to accommodate each of the possible outcomes. In one universe, the physicist measures the wave form, in the other universe the physicist measures the object as a particle. Since all objects have a particle-wave duality, this also explains how an object can be measured as a particle and can be measured as a wave, but not both at the same time in the same world, and how it can be measured in more than one state, each of which exists in another world. The simple act of measurement creates two worlds both of which exist at the same time in parallel, and each separate version of the universe contains a different outcome of that event.

Instead of one continuous timeline, the universe and time-space, would be more like a forest of trees with innumerable branches and twigs, each of which represents a different possible world. However, by making a choice, a measurement, even by thinking and dreaming, one world among the many, is chosen, and becomes this reality.

What this would imply is that by dreaming of his death, Lincoln chose one world out of many–a world where he was struck by an assassins bullet, and then died, exactly as predicted by his dream.

Conclusions: Time, Consciousness, and Entanglement

Time is entangled. Future, past, present, are relative and overlap. Individual consciousness is a continuum which is born, dies, and thus exists in the future and the past. If time is considered from the perspective of space-like intervals and not time-like intervals, then causality can be forward, backward, or simultaneous (Bonor & Steadman, 2005; Buser et al. 2013; Carroll 2004; Godel 1995). The future and the past are entangled as a continuity in space-time and this means information can be transmitted from the past to the future, and from the future to the past simultaneously.

Consciousness, however, would also have a world line, which extends from the birth to the death of that consciousness. Consciousness is therefore entangled with itself, and could transmit information from itself to itself, and this is because that consciousness exists in the present, past, or future… and this is due to entanglement… and… because the distinctions between past present and future are an illusion.

“There seemed to be a death-like stillness about me. Then I heard subdued sobs… people weeping… the silence broken by pitiful sobbing… There I met with a sickening surprise. Before me… rested a corpse wrapped in funeral vestments. Around it were stationed soldiers… and… a throng of people, gazing mournfully upon the corpse… others weeping pitifully. ‘Who is dead in the White House?’ I demanded of one of the soldiers, ‘The President,’ was his answer; ‘he was killed by an assassin.'” -Abraham Lincoln