Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant

If Lee’s left is turned, large provision will have to be made
for ordnance stores. I would say not much short of five hundred
rounds of infantry ammunition would do. By the other, half the
amount would be sufficient.



(*26) General John A. Logan, upon whom devolved the command of
the Army of the Tennessee during this battle, in his report gave
our total loss in killed, wounded and missing at 3,521; and
estimated that of the enemy to be not less than 10,000: and
General G. M. Dodge, graphically describing to General Sherman
the enemy’s attack, the full weight of which fell first upon and
was broken by his depleted command, remarks: “The disparity of
forces can be seen from the fact that in the charge made by my
two brigades under Fuller and Mersy they took 351 prisoners,
representing forty-nine different regiments, eight brigades and
three divisions; and brought back eight battle flags from the




MAJOR-GENERAL GEORGE G. MEADE, Commanding Army of the Potomac.

MAJ.-GEN. W. S. HANCOCK, commanding Second Army Corps.

First Division, Brig.-Gen. Francis C. Barlow.
First Brigade, Col. Nelson A. Miles.
Second Brigade, Col. Thomas A. Smyth.
Third Brigade, Col. Paul Frank.
Fourth Brigade, Col. John R. Brooke.

Second Division, Brig.-Gen. John Gibbon.
First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Alex. S. Webb.
Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Joshua T. Owen.
Third Brigade, Col. Samuel S. Carroll.

Third Division, Maj.-Gen. David B. Birney.
First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. J. H. H. Ward.
Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Alexander Hays.

Fourth Divisin, Brig.-Gen. Gershom Mott.
First Brigade, Col. Robert McAllister.
Second Brigade, Col. Wm. R. Brewster.

Artillery Brigade, Col. John C. Tidball.

MAJ.-GEN. G. K. WARREN, commanding Fifth Army Corps.

First Division, Brig.-Gen. Charles Griffin.
First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Romeyn B. Ayres.
Second Brigade, Col. Jacob B. Sweitzer.
Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. J. J. Bartlett.

Second Division, Brig.-Gen. John C. Robinson.
First Brigade, Col. Samuel H. Leonard.
Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Henry Baxter.
Third Brigade, Col. Andrew W. Denison.

Third Division, Brig.-Gen. Samuel W. Crawford.
First Brigade, Col. Wm McCandless.
Third Brigade, Col. Joseph W. Fisher.

Fourth Division, Brig.-Gen. James S. Wadsworth.
First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Lysander Cutler.
Second Brigade Brig.-Gen. James C. Rice.
Third Brigade, Col. Roy Stone

Artillery Brigade, Col. S. S. Wainwright.

MAJ.-GEN. JOHN SEDGWICK, commanding Sixth Army Corps.

First Division, Brig.-Gen. H. G. Wright.
First Brigade, Col. Henry W. Brown.
Second Brigade, Col. Emory Upton.
Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. D. A. Russell.
Fourth Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Alexander Shaler.

Second Division, Brig.-Gen. George W. Getty.
First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Frank Wheaton.
Second Brigade, Col. Lewis A. Grant.
Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Thos. H. Neill.
Fourth Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Henry L. Eustis.

Third Division, Brig.-Gen. James Ricketts.
First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Wm. H. Morris.
Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. T. Seymour.

Artillery Brigade, Col. C. H. Tompkins

MAJ.-GEN. P. H. SHERIDAN, commanding Cavalry Corps.

First Division, Brig.-Gen. A. T. A. Torbert.
First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. G. A. Custer.
Second Brigade, Col. Thos. C. Devin.
Reserve Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Wesley Merritt

Second Division, Brig.-Gen. D. McM. Gregg.
First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Henry E. Davies, Jr.
Second Brigade, Col. J. Irvin Gregg.

Third Division, Brig.-Gen. J. H. Wilson.
First Brigade, Col. T. M. Bryan, Jr.
Second Brigade, Col. Geo. H. Chapman.

MAJ.-GEN. A. E. BURNSIDE, commanding Ninth Army Corps.

First Division, Brig.-Gen. T. G. Stevenson.
First Brigade, Col. Sumner Carruth.
Second Brigade, Col. Daniel Leasure.

Second Division, Brig.-Gen. Robert B. Potter.
First Brigade, Col. Zenas R. Bliss.
Second Brigade, Col. Simon G. Griffin.

Third Division, Brig.-Gen. Orlando Willcox.
First Brigade, Col. John F. Hartranft.
Second Brigade, Col. Benj. C. Christ.

Fourth Division, Brig.-Gen. Edward Ferrero.
First Brigade, Col. Joshua K. Sigfried.
Second Brigade, Col. Henry G. Thomas.

Provisional Brigade, Col. Elisha G. Marshall.

BRIG.-GEN. HENRY J. HUNT, commanding Artillery.

Reserve, Col. H. S. Burton.
First Brigade, Col. J. H. Kitching.
Second Brigade, Maj. J. A. Tompkins.
First Brig. Horse Art., Capt. J. M. Robertson.
Second Brigade, Horse Art., Capt. D. R. Ransom.
Third Brigade, Maj. R. H. Fitzhugh.

Provost Guard, Brig.-Gen. M. R. Patrick.
Volunteer Engineers, Brig.-Gen. H. W. Benham.


Organization of the Army of Northern Virginia, Commanded by
GENERAL ROBERT E. LEE, August 31st, 1834.

First Army Corps: LIEUT.-GEN. R. H. ANDERSON, Commanding.

Brig.-Gen. Seth M. Barton’s Brigade. (a)
Brig.-Gen. M. D. Corse’s ”
” Eppa Hunton’s ”
” Wm. R. Terry’s ”

MAJ.-GEN. C. W. FIELD’S Division. (b)
Brig.-Gen. G. T. Anderson’s Brigade
” E. M. Law’s (c) ”
” John Bratton’s ”

MAJ.-GEN. J. B. KERSHAW’S Division. (d)
Brig.-Gen. W. T. Wofford’s Brigade
” B. G. Humphreys’ ”
” Goode Bryan’s ”
” Kershaw’s (Old) ”

Second Army Corps: MAJOR-GENERAL JUBAL A. EARLY, Commanding

Brig.-Gen. H. T. Hays’ Brigade. (e)
” John Pegram ‘s ” (f)
” Gordon’s ” (g)
Brig.-Gen. R. F. Hoke’s ”

Stonewall Brig. (Brig.-Gen. J. A. Walker). (h)
Brig.-Gen. J M Jones’ Brigade. (h)
” Geo H. Stewart’s ” (h)
” L. A. Stafford’s ” (e)

MAJ.-GEN. R. E. RODES’ Division.
Brig.-Gen. J. Daniel’s Brigade. (i)
” Geo. Dole’s ” (k)
” S. D. Ramseur’s Brigade.
” C. A. Battle’s ”
” R. D. Johnston’s ” (f)

Third Army Corps: LIEUT.-GEN. A. P. HILL, Commanding.

MAJ.-GEN. WM. MAHONE’S Division. (l)
Brig.-Gen. J. C. C. Sanders’ Brigade.
Mahone’s ”
Brig.-Gen. N. H. Harris’s ” (m)
” A. R. Wright’s ”
” Joseph Finegan’s ”

MAJ.-GEN. C. M. WILCOX’S Division.
Brig.-Gen. E. L. Thomas’s Brigade (n)
” James H. Lane’s ”
” Sam’l McCowan’s ”
” Alfred M. Scale’s ”

MAJ.-GEN. H. HETH’S Division. (o)
Brig.-Gen. J. R. Davis’s Brigade.
” John R. Cooke’s ”
” D. McRae’s ”
” J. J. Archer’s ”
” H. H. Walker’s ”

_unattached_: 5th Alabama Battalion.

Cavalry Corps: LIEUTENANT-GENERAL WADE HAMPTON, Commanding.(p)

Brig.-Gen. W. C. Wickham’s Brigade
” L. L. Lomax’s ”

MAJ.-GEN. M. C. BUTLER’S Division.
Brig.-Gen. John Dunovant’s Brigade.
” P. M. B. Young’s ”
” Thomas L. Rosser’s ”

MAJ.-GEN. W. H. F. LEE’S Division.
Brig.-Gen. Rufus Barringer’s Brigade.
” J. R. Chambliss’s ”

Artillery Reserve: BRIG.-GEN. W. N. PENDLETON, Commanding.

Cabell’s Battalion.
Manly’s Battery.
1st Co. Richmond Howitzers.
Carleton’s Battery.
Calloway’s Battery.

Haskell’s Battalion.
Branch’s Battery.
Nelson’s ”
Garden’s ”
Rowan ”

Huger’s Battalion.
Smith’s Battery.
Moody ”
Woolfolk ”
Parker’s ”
Taylor’s ”
Fickling’s ”
Martin’s ”

Gibb’s Battalion.
Davidson’s Battery.
Dickenson’s ”
Otey’s ”


Braxton’s Battalion.
Lee Battery.
1st Md. Artillery.
Stafford ”
Alleghany ”

Cutshaw’s Battalion.
Charlotteville Artillery.
Staunton ”
Courtney ”

Carter’s Battalion.
Morris Artillery.
Orange ”
King William Artillery.
Jeff Davis ”

Nelson’s Battalion.
Amherst Artillery.
Milledge ”
Fluvauna ”

Brown’s Battalion.
Powhatan Artillery.
2d Richmond Howitzers.
3d ” ”
Rockbridge Artillery.
Salem Flying Artillery.


Cutt’s Battalion.
Ross’s Battery.
Patterson’s Battery.
Irwin Artillery.

Richardson’s Battalion.
Lewis Artillery.
Donaldsonville Artillery.
Norfolk Light ”
Huger ”

Mclntosh ‘s Battalion.
Johnson’s Battery.
Hardaway Artillery.
Danville ”
2d Rockbridge Artillery.

Pegram’s Battalion.
Peedee Artillery.
Fredericksburg Artillery.
Letcher ”
Purcell Battery.
Crenshaw’s Battery.

Poague’s Battalion.
Madison Artillery.
Albemarle ”
Brooke ”
Charlotte ”

(a) COL. W. R. Aylett was in command Aug. 29th, and probably at
above date.
(b) Inspection report of this division shows that it also
contained Benning’s and Gregg’s Brigades. (c) Commanded by
Colonel P. D. Bowles.
(d) Only two brigadier-generals reported for duty; names not

Organization of the Army of the Valley District. (e)
Constituting York’s Brigade.
(f) In Ramseur’s Division.
(g) Evan’s Brigade, Colonel E. N. Atkinson commanding, and
containing 12th Georgia Battalion.
(h) The Virginia regiments constituted Terry’s Brigade, Gordon’s
(i) Grimes’ Brigade.
(k) Cook’s ”

(l) Returns report but one general officer present for duty;
name not indicated.
(m) Colonel Joseph M. Jayne, commanding.
(n) Colonel Thomas J. Simmons, commanding. (o) Four
brigadier-generals reported present for duty; names not
(p) On face of returns appears to have consisted of Hampton’s,
Fitz-Lee’s, and W. H. F. Lee’s Division, and Dearing’s Brigade.

*But one general officer reported present for duty in the
artillery, and Alexander’s name not on the original.

May II, 1864.–3 P.M.

Commanding Army of the Potomac.

Move three divisions of the 2d corps by the rear of the 5th and
6th corps, under cover of night, so as to join the 9th corps in
a vigorous assault on the enemy at four o’clock A.M. to-morrow.
will send one or two staff officers over to-night to stay with
Burnside, and impress him with the importance of a prompt and
vigorous attack. Warren and Wright should hold their corps as
close to the enemy as possible, to take advantage of any
diversion caused by this attack, and to push in if any
opportunity presents itself. There is but little doubt in my
mind that the assault last evening would have proved entirely
successful if it had commenced one hour earlier and had been
heartily entered into by Mott’s division and the 9th corps.


May 11, 1864.-4 P.M.

Commanding 9th Army Corps.

Major-General Hancock has been ordered to move his corps under
cover of night to join you in a vigorous attack against the
enemy at 4 o’clock A.M. to-morrow. You will move against the
enemy with your entire force promptly and with all possible
vigor at precisely 4 o’clock A.M. to-morrow the12th inst. Let
your preparations for this attack be conducted with the utmost
secrecy and veiled entirely from the enemy.

I send two of my staff officers, Colonels Comstock and Babcock,
in whom I have great confidence and who are acquainted with the
direction the attack is to be made from here, to remain with you
and General Hancock with instructions to render you every
assistance in their power. Generals Warren and Wright will hold
their corps as close to the enemy as possible, to take advantage
of any diversion caused by yours and Hancock’s attack, and will
push in their whole force if any opportunity presents itself.


May 12, 1864, 6.30 P.M.

Washington, D. C.

The eighth day of the battle closes, leaving between three and
four thousand prisoners in our hands for the day’s work,
including two general officers, and over thirty pieces of
artillery. The enemy are obstinate, and seem to have found the
last ditch. We have lost no organizations, not even that of a
company, whilst we have destroyed and captured one division
(Johnson’s), one brigade (Doles’), and one regiment entire from
the enemy.

Lieut. -General.

(*31) SPOTTSYLVANIA C. H., May 13, 1864.

Washington, D. C.

I beg leave to recommend the following promotions be made for
gallant and distinguished services in the last eight days’
battles, to wit: Brigadier-General H. G. Wright and
Brigadier-General John Gibbon to be Major-Generals; Colonel S.
S. Carroll, 8th Ohio Volunteers Colonel E. Upton, 121st New York
Volunteers; Colonel William McCandless, 2d Pennsylvania Reserves,
to be Brigadier-Generals. I would also recommend Major-General W.
S. Hancock for Brigadier-General in the regular army. His
services and qualifications are eminently deserving of this
recognition. In making these recommendations I do not wish the
claims of General G. M. Dodge for promotion forgotten, but
recommend his name to be sent in at the same time. I would also
ask to have General Wright assigned to the command of the Sixth
Army Corps. I would further ask the confirmation of General
Humphreys to the rank of Major-General.

General Meade has more than met my most sanguine expectations.
He and Sherman are the fittest officers for large commands I
have come in contact with. If their services can be rewarded by
promotion to the rank of Major-Generals in the regular army the
honor would be worthily bestowed, and I would feel personally
gratified. I would not like to see one of these promotions at
this time without seeing both.


(*32) QUARLES’ MILLS, VA., May 26, 1864.

Washington, D. C.

The relative position of the two armies is now as follows: Lee’s
right rests on a swamp east of the Richmond and Fredericksburg
road and south of the North Anna, his centre on the river at Ox
Ford, and his left at Little River with the crossings of Little
River guarded as far up as we have gone. Hancock with his corps
and one division of the 9th corps crossed at Chesterfield Ford
and covers the right wing of Lee’s army. One division of the 9th
corps is on the north bank of the Anna at Ox Ford, with bridges
above and below at points nearest to it where both banks are
held by us, so that it could reinforce either wing of our army
with equal facility. The 5th and 6th corps with one division of
the 9th corps run from the south bank of the Anna from a short
distance above Ox Ford to Little River, and parallel with and
near to the enemy.

To make a direct attack from either wing would cause a slaughter
of our men that even success would not justify. To turn the
enemy by his right, between the two Annas is impossible on
account of the swamp upon which his right rests. To turn him by
the left leaves Little River, New Found River and South Anna
River, all of them streams presenting considerable obstacles to
the movement of our army, to be crossed. I have determined
therefore to turn the enemy’s right by crossing at or near
Hanover Town. This crosses all three streams at once, and
leaves us still where we can draw supplies.

During the last night the teams and artillery not in position,
belonging to the right wing of our army, and one division of
that wing were quietly withdrawn to the north bank of the river
and moved down to the rear of the left. As soon as it is dark
this division with most of the cavalry will commence a forced
march for Hanover Town to seize and hold the crossings. The
balance of the right wing will withdraw at the same hour, and
follow as rapidly as possible. The left wing will also withdraw
from the south bank of the river to-night and follow in rear of
the right wing. Lee’s army is really whipped. The prisoners we
now take show it, and the action of his army shows it
unmistakably. A battle with them outside of intrenchments
cannot be had. Our men feel that they have gained the MORALE
over the enemy, and attack him with confidence. I may be
mistaken, but I feel that our success over Lee’s army is already
assured. The promptness and rapidity with which you have
forwarded reinforcements has contributed largely to the feeling
of confidence inspired in our men, and to break down that of the

We are destroying all the rails we can on the Central and
Fredericksburg roads. I want to leave a gap on the roads north
of Richmond so big that to get a single track they will have to
import rail from elsewhere. Even if a crossing is not effected
at Hanover Town it will probably be necessary for us to move on
down the Pamunkey until a crossing is effected. I think it
advisable therefore to change our base of supplies from Port
Royal to the White House. I wish you would direct this change
at once, and also direct Smith to put the railroad bridge there
in condition for crossing troops and artillery and leave men to
hold it.

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