Like Hitler’s Gestapo (7,8), the mission of the CIA had a definite political purpose which was to put into power those sympathetic to the interests of the Wall Street elite and who supported the fascist ideology of the Brotherhood. However, it was not just third world countries which would be subverted, but the government of the United States.
As explained by Loftus and Aarons (1) “Dulles had been recruiting Nazis under the cover of the State Department’s Office of Policy Coordination. Eastern European emigre networks that had worked first for the SS, then the British, and finally Dulles” were also recruited and put on the payroll of the State Dept., even though they were Nazis working for the CIA.
“The CIA did not know it, but Dulles was bringing them to the United States less for intelligence purposes than for political advantage. The Nazis’ job quickly became to get out the vote for the Republicans.”
“According to several of our sources among the ‘old spies,’ Richard Nixon’s political career began in 1945, when he was the navy officer temporarily assigned to review… captured Nazi documents” (1). The documents revealed the Nazi record of Karl Blessing, “former Reichsbank officer and then head of the Nazi oil cartel, Kontinentale Ol A.G. ‘Konti’ was in partnership with Dulles’ principal Nazi client, IG Farben. Dulles” with Nixon’s help “lost Blessings Nazi party records and personally vouched for Blessing as an anti-Nazi in order to protect continued control of German oil interests in the Middle East. Blessing’s Konti was the Nazi link to Ibn Saud [King of Saudi Arabia] and ARAMCO [the Arabian-American Oil Company]. If Blessing went down, he could have taken a lot of people with him, including Allen Dulles,” and the Bush, Harriman, Rockefeller gang.
Naturally, the Dulles, Bush, Harriman, Rockefeller clique were eager to reward Nixon for his help, and together, they “arranged financing for Nixon’s first congressional campaign. Nixon, they believed, would be yet another useful tool in the toolbox they were constructing in Congress. Some of these tools, i.e. Thomas Dewey, they hoped to place in the White House. Nixon won, but Dewey lost the election.
Not surprisingly, Richard Nixon gives a different explanation as to how his relationship with the Bush gang first developed. In his biography (17), Nixon claims that he saw an advertisement, in a Los Angeles newspaper, that had been placed there, in 1946, by the Orange County Republican Party and a wealthy group of businessmen led by Prescott Bush. Bush and friends, Nixon claims, wanted a young candidate to run for Congress against the liberal democratic incumbent. Nixon says he responded to the ad, and they basically hired him to run for congress, which he did, thus becoming a congressional mouthpiece for the Bush gang.
Nixon, acting as the pro-business, anti-communist mouthpiece of the Dulles-Bush-Harriman-Rockefeller clan, was so effective in this capacity, that he became Eisenhower’s running mate, in 1952—despite Eisenhower’s dislike of the man.
“In preparation for the 1952 Eisenhower-Nixon campaign, the Republicans formed an Ethnic Division, which, to put it bluntly, recruited the ‘displaced Fascists’ who arrived in the United States after World War II. Like similar migrant organizations in several Western countries, the Ethnic Division attracted a significant number of Central and Eastern European Nazis, who had been recruited by the SS as political and police leaders during the Holocaust” (1).
The Nazis worked not only for the Eisenhower-Nixon ticket, but to put Prescott Bush in the Senate. It was during this same time period, during the early days of the attempted Nazification of the Republican party, that Prescott’s son, George H. W. Bush, became actively involved with Republican politics. It was possibly also around this same period, that G.H.W. Bush began working in the
It was the dream of Dulles and gang, to elevate their man Nixon, to the White House. In 1960, Nixon ran against Kennedy. Although the Nazi wing of the party was put at Nixon’s disposal, he lost. Nixon didn&##8217;t blame his loss on the Nazis. Far from it. Instead, and at the urging of Dulles and gang, he intended to make full use of his Nazi friends the next time he ran for president.
“In 1968 Nixon promised that if he won the presidential election, he would create a permanent ethnic council within the Republican party” (1). The word “ethnic” was code for “Nazi.” In the early 1960s, if not before, George H.W. Bush also began playing an active role in the creation of these ethnic councils. Thus he willingly carried out Nixon’s promise after the 1972 election, while he served as chairman of the Republican National Committee (1,19).
One of the men Bush helped to recruit was Laszlo Pasztor, who became the Chairman of Nixon’s Republican Heritage Groups council. During World War II Pasztor served as a government official representing Nazi Hungary in Germany. Other emigre slots were also filled by the members of various Nazi collaborationist organizations (1,12,18,19).
As documented in a 1988 study by Russ Bellant of Political Research Associates, virtually all of the Fascist organizations of World War II were welcomed into the Republican party during the Nixon administration—and George W. Bush, as chairman of the party, played a major role. Emanuel Jasiuk was representative of the character of the Republican ethnic leaders that Bush and Nixon were after. Emanuel Jasiuk, was a notorious mass murderer who was recruited by the Nazis when they invaded what is today called the independent nation of Belarus (which during WWII was part of the Soviet Union).
In addition to being Nazi fascists and haters of democracy, what all these George H.W. Bush recruits had in common was that they had fought against the United States, during World War II.
While George Bush did his duty bringing Nazis into positions of power in the republican party, Nixon, after he became President, was surrounding “himself with what was known as the Berlin Wall, a long succession of advisers with Germanic names: We recall at the top of his “German General Staff’ as it was also known, there was Haldeman. Erlichman, Krogh. Kliendienst. Kissinger (the Rockefellers’ emissary) and many others” (19).
As described by Groden and Livingstone (19), “Some of these men would watch the great Nazi propaganda films in the basement of the White House until all hours of the night, and drink, in fact, get drunk with their power, with blind ambition, as one of them wrote.”
As detailed by Loftus and Aarons (1), “According to several of our sources in the intelligence community who were in a position to know, the secret rosters of the Republican party’s Nationalities Council read like a Who’s Who of Fascist fugitives. The Republican’s Nazi connection is the darkest secret of the Republican leadership.”
“An Allende victory would represent a definite psychological set-back to the US and a definite psychological advantage for the Marxist idea.” — CIA study, 9/7/70.
Chile had long been ruled by a U.S.-backed Nazi-like military dictatorship which served as a lackey for the Wall Street elite (20).
In 1969. during Nixon’s second year in office, a coalition of socialists, communists, and most of the social-democratic parties of Chile, banded together to create the “Popular Unity.” Popular Unity offered a comprehensive program that was designed to reorganize the national economy and to provide improved health care, education, nutrition to the people of Chile. Salvador Allende Gossens, a physician with a distinguished record of government service, was chosen to be the Popular Unity’s presidential candidate (21).
In a speech, Allende laid out one of his “dangerous” proposals that so aggrieved Nixon and his Nazis: “Today in Chile there are over 600,000 children mentally retarded because they were not adequately nourished during the first eight months of their lives, because they did not receive the necessary proteins.” To correct the problem, Allende announced his intention to develop a free milk-distribution program.
Wall Street, the CIA, and it’s cadre of Nazis in the Republican party and Nixon White House, became alarmed. As detailed in the previous chapter, it was Nazi policy under Hitler, to keep conquered peoples, and all “subhumans” uneducated, and to prevent them from gaining access to health care.
CIA agents and U.S. dollars began streaming into the country (22,23) to fight Allende. Jorge Alessandri, the former dictator of Chile was one of the beneficiaries of CIA help and U.S. dollars. In the days before the election, when it became clear Allende would win, he issued a warning: “I don’t think that [Allende] will achieve his objective because the organized public forces and Carabineros (military police) of Chile will not allow the criminal doctrines to win. Moved by patriotism, they will save us at the cost of sacrificing the liberty that we all enjoy” (23). In other words, the military will overthrow Allende and his supporters, and a blood bath will ensue.
Allende, realizing the dangers posed by the military, promised that if elected, he would only gradually implement his educational and health care programs and would not call for any changes in Chile’s military (21,23).
General Rene Schneider Chereau, Commander in Chief of the Chilean Army was satisfied: “The Armed Forces cannot stop the changes. Allende has given us his assurance that he will stay within the Constitution and laws.” The military thus stayed neutral. Despite the CIA’s attempt to interfere with the election, Allende won by a huge plurality.
Wall Street and the Nixon administration went into shock (20,21,22). Nixon began referring to Allende as “that bastard… We’re going to get that bastard…”
As summed up by one Chilean newspaper (24): “This election must have been a shock to foreign investors in Chile, mainly for the mining companies owned by the Americans…Allende is ready to install a revolutionary government to end the dominion of foreign capital.”
Nixon and his Nazis knew better. They decided to kill Allende.
“I don’t see why we need to stand by and watch a country go communist because of the irresponsibility of its own people.” — Henry Kissinger, National Security Adviser to Nixon.
“Save Chile! … not concerned with risks involved … $10,000,000 available, more if necessary.” — handwritten notes of CIA Director Richard Helms, 9/15/1973.
“It is firm and continuing policy that Allende be overthrown by a coup. It would be much preferable to have this transpire prior to 24 October but efforts in this regard will continue vigorously beyond this date. We are to continue to generate maximum pressure toward this end utilizing every appropriate resource. It is imperative that these actions be implemented clandestinely and securely so that the United States government and American hand be well hidden… . Please review all your present and possibly new activities to include propaganda, black operations, surfacing of intelligence or disinformation, personal contacts, or anything else your imagination can conjure which will permit you to press forward toward our objective.” —Cable from CIA headquarters to Henry Heckscher, CIA station chief in Santiago, Chile, 10/16/1973.
The CIA realized, however, that if it was to regain control of the country, not just Allende and his supporters, but the General Rene Schneider Chereau would also have to be removed. General Chereau had promised to obey the constitution and to uphold democracy. A military coup would be impossible with General Chereau at the helm.
On October 26, General Rene Schneider Chereau was dead. He had been attacked and shot by 10 men. According to Chilean intelligence sources, U.S. President Richard Nixon had given “orders to prevent the socialists’ rise to power, hoping to prevent the creation of another Soviet ally in the Western Hemisphere” (25). That is, the Nixon administration ordered the assassination of General Chereau. Allende would be next.
The CIA now had control over Chile’s military. Chilean General Pinochet, would become one of the leaders of the military coup, and then, following the overthrow of Allende, Pinochet would become Chile’s new US-backed dictator.
On September 11,1973, US Navy ships, which had gathered off the coast of Chile, went on high alert offshore. Over 30 jet fighters and support planes began to appear along the borders.
The signal was given: Sections of the Chilean navy seized the port city of Valparaiso, west of Santiago. Allende called his Minister of Defense, Orlando Letelier, and asked him to investigate. Letelier was immediately arrested. Allende began calling his generals. “No one is answering,” he remarked. “I think that this time all of them are involved.”
Soon the Presidential palace was surrounded by tanks. Jets soared overhead. Snipers had taken up their positions.
The attack began. Tank cannons boomed. Jets fired missiles. And then Chilean soldiers attacked and swarmed into the Palace.
A little after 12 noon, Salvador Allende was dead. He had been shot in the head (26).
It was not enough to kill Allende. Wall Street, the CIA, and the Nixon Nazis were determined to terrorize the Chilean population into helpless submission and to destroy his supporters root and branch.
The CIA had learned their art from the masters of terror: Hitler’s SS. In order to subdue and enslave a population, it must be subjected to unrelenting terror. The Nixon White House, the Rockefeller-Bush Wall Street clique, and the CIA, were determined to crush and destroy the people of Chile and to eliminate any member of the intellectual or professional class who even harbored a socialist thought (26).
Based on lists provided by the CIA, students, teachers, doctors, nurses, and of course, members of the Popular Unity party, were the first to be “disappeared;” i.e. rounded up, hideously tortured, and killed. Then the working class and the peasants were targeted. Those who had dared to elect Allende would be tortured, murdered, and severely punished (26,27).
The following eye-witness accounts are taken from Robinson Rojas Sandford’s book, The Murder of Allende and the End of the Chilean Way of Socialism (26):
“During the first weeks of October, I had to cross Bulnes bridge to get over the Mapocho very early every morning. The first time I could not believe my eyes. It couldn’t be true. From a distance I could see lots of people gathered along the bridge’s railing and the riverbanks. They were looking at the half-floating corpses, four men’s bodies. I still remember, one was wearing a red shirt. Farther off, there was a fifth body which had been dragged ashore.”
“This scene went on every day, and not just at this bridge. You could see them at Pedro de Valdivia bridge too. Dozens of women would station themselves at the bridges every day, in hopes of seeing the body of a husband or son who had disappeared after being picked up by the soldiers.”
“One day I saw nine corpses, all with bare chests, hands tied behind their backs. The bodies were perforated by bullet holes. And with them was the body of a girl, apparently fifteen or sixteen years old.”
“Some peasants traveling over the Las Tejuelas bridge, which crosses the Nuble River about a mile and a half from Chilian, noted that, as usual, the water level was beginning to drop with the end of the rainy season. Along with this phenomenon, they noticed another one, new and horrifying: the appearance of dozens of headless cadavers with their arms tied behind their backs. Some of the bodies were half decayed. When the peasants notified the military police post at the city gates, they were told curtly: ‘You saw nothing. If you say anything, we will arrest you and cut your throats, just like those corpses.’”
“Those bodies were the leftovers from the ‘extermination’ operation in Nuble Province, resembling the “leftovers” in any other province in Chile after September 11—human debris left by bayonets, machine guns, and torture devices of the Chilean Air Force, Navy, and Army.”
“Shortly before this incident at the Las Tejuelas bridge, the Arauco Fishing Association, which produces canned seafood in the port of Talcahuano, had to halt work for several days. The fish they were receiving were full of bits of human flesh from bodies the Chilean Navy had tossed into the ocean after they came out of the naval base’s torture chambers.”
“Chilean Air Force troops deposited the body of a seventeen-year-old boy, an MIR party member, in a town south of Santiago. Part of the boy’s abdomen had been subjected to vivisection. Both his legs were broken, and also his left arm. His entire body was covered with holes made by cigarette burns. He had also been castrated. ”
“Children were not spared. On September 18 a military patrol went to pick up Jose Soto, a maker of wrought iron furniture, in his sixties, president of the supply and price control junta in his district, Quinta Normal. Soto wasn’t home. His fourteen-year old son was alone in the house. The military patrol seized the boy. Afterward they threw the boy’s bullet-riddled body on Soto’s doorstep – ‘so the sonofabitch won’t be a faggot and will turn himself in,’ the soldiers shouted to his neighbors.”
“Other common forms of torture practiced by the Army’s SIM and military police intelligence officers were to extinguish cigarettes in the victim’s anus and to apply electric current to the ears, anus, and testicles.”
“During September and part of October, in the Santiago communities around the industrial areas, the soldiers would leave bodies in the streets. When their relatives came to pick them up, they were arrested. The bodies generally had fingernails pulled out, or legs broken, or testicles smashed. Several had their eyes burnt out, apparently with cigarette butts.”
The torture and the murders continued for years. Anyone could be a target, even citizens of other countries including the United States and Britain (28).
William Beausire was a citizen of Britain. “He was apolitical. He had committed no crime. In November 1974, William was on his way to England from Santiago when he was abducted in Buenos Aires by agents of DINA, General Pinochet’s intelligence service. He was taken to their notorious Villa Grimaldi torture centre in Santiago. Over the next seven months William was systematically tortured by the Chilean secret police. We know from witnesses that William had electrodes attached to his genitals. We know that he had sticks forced into his rectum. We know he was suspended from a wall, hanging by his arms. We don’t know what happened to William. He was last seen in July 2nd 1975, being escorted by DINA agents from a torture center in Santiago. He is now missing, presumed dead.”
William Beausire was just one of the thousands of those tortured and killed because of the likes of Wall Street, Nixon, the CIA, and Rockefeller-clone, Henry Kissinger. Kissinger, who never met a mass murderer he didn’t like—that is, so long as the murderer wasn’t a communist—was pleased as punch by the atrocities that were committed.
“In the United States, as you know, we are sympathetic with what you are trying to do here. I think that the previous government was headed toward Communism. We wish your government well.” —Henry Kissinger, speaking to Chilean military dictator, Pinochet, 6/8/76.
Prior to joining the Nixon Nazis, Kissinger had served as a top aid to Rockefeller, and played a major role in covering up the tracks of his boss, while in Germany immediately following the war.
Other interesting characters that served in the Nixon White House, included, Donald Rumsfeld who would later hire his old buddy, Dick Cheney to be his deputy. Rumsfeld and Dick Cheney not only served during the 9/11/1993 tragedy orchestrated by the Nixon White House, but the 9/11/2001 tragedy that occurred during the Bush Jr. presidency, Like Mr. Bush, Cheney attended Yale.
And of course there is George H.W. Bush. In 1973, he was the chairman of the Republican party, and a member of the CIA, during the Nixon administration. What role he played in the mass murder and torture of Chilean men, women, and children, can only be guessed at.
Almost 30 years after the 9/11 tragedy in Chile, Cheney and Rumsfeld would again be part of a Republican administration during another 9/11 tragedy, this one headed by the son of George H.W Bush.
The Nixon Presidency ended with his resignation, after a failed cover up of petty crimes, a burglary, committed by men associated with or employed by the CIA (29).
Nixon was not brought down by the second rate burglary known as “Watergate,” but by the subsequent cover up and the fear of what might also be exposed if Congress voted for impeachment. There were numerous cover-ups in place, one of which may well have served the purpose of covering up the role of Bush and friends in a number of sordid and illegal plots including the financing of the CIA-“plumbers” unit who committed the Watergate burglary
Five men had been arrested in the early morning hours of June 17, 1972, while committing a burglary at Democratic headquarters, at the Watergate hotel. In addition to their burglary gear, they carried nearly $3,000 in hundred dollar bills, all in sequence. Four of the men were from Florida—Bush country. Three were Cuban-Americans.
When burglar James W. McCord was asked his occupation by the judge, he replied he had recently retired from government service, from the “CIA.” He was not alone. The four men from Miami all had CIA connections, and had been involved in “anti-Castro” activities (31). James W. McCord, however, also had worked as an FBI agent, and as the former chief of physical security for the CIA. At the time of the burglary he was a lieutenant colonel in the Air Force Reserve and employed full time as the security coordinator for Nixon’s Committee for the Re-election of the President.
The loyalty of McCord and the others was not to Nixon per se, but to the Anglo-American financier elite and to the notion that communism must be extinguished wherever it may rear its head. Some of these individuals were directly associated with CIA bureaus which in turn have been linked to George Bush, such as the Office of Security- Security Research Staff (30).
It was Henry Kissinger—Rockefeller’s man in the Nixon White House— who demanded the creation of “The Plumbers.” Kissinger insisted that something had to be done to stop leaks to the press (29). Kissinger got his wish following the “Pentagon Papers” affair of 1971.
The Plumbers were funded through a mechanism that appears to have been set up by George Bush. Funds were provided by (30) a fellow oil man and Bush business partner, Bill Liedtke, the president and CEO of Pennzoil. This was first discovered by the U.S. House of Representatives Banking and Currency Committee, chaired by Texas Democrat Wright Patman.
The first hint that big money might be behind the Plumbers, was the large amount of cash found in the pockets of the Watergate burglars. Cold, hard cash, is the most common means used by Wall Street, CIA spooks, and organized crime, when financing murders or other crimes.
However, this time, the Wall Street elites and big oil not only paid cash, they used checks. $100,000 was found in the Miami bank account of Watergate burglar Bernard Barker (31). Baker had been a CIA operative since the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba— which was yet another link to George H.W. Bush.
The $100,000 was traced to Texas CREEP (Committee to Re Elect the President) chairman William Liedtke, longtime business partner of George H.W. Bush.
When this discovery was made by Patman’s committee, an all out effort was made by the Nixon White House to stop any investigation which might lead from Liedtke to Bush and thus from Bush to Barker and to the Bay of Pigs…. which in turn, as we shall see, could lead to questions about the assassination of John F. Kennedy. Indeed, CREEP had set aside hundreds of thousands of dollars to subvert the electoral process and to eliminate any and all democrats who might pose a threat to the election of Richard Nixon
As would be the case following the cover up of the events leading up to the tragedy of 9/11/2001, the FBI took the lead in mishandling the Watergate “investigation.” For example, “the government inexplicably failed to execute search warrants for the homes of the five arrested burglars… Persons in critical positions who might know details of the bugging operation, particularly secretaries,” were not interviewed (31). Others were questioned with their lawyers present and then, they were not asked the right questions (31). Likewise, “prosecutors had not pursued other crimes—no matter how obvious” (31). In addition, those being investigated, and their associates were receiving copies of FBI reports.
Acting FBI director, Gray, later admitted that he had “contained the investigation judiciously” to the point of criminal negligence (31). Gray even destroyed documents taken from the White House safe of one of the Watergate burglars. Almost 30 years later, another FBI director, Mr. Mueller, would be accused of similar crimes in an attempt to cover up FBI, CIA, and Bush administration complicity in the 9/11/2001 attacks.
Who led the effort to sabotage the Watergate investigation? Nixon and his henchmen. Who else? We can only guess. However, what we do know is that the sabotage involved threatening and blackmailing six Democratic members of the House Banking and Currency Committee.
As later admitted by Nixon operative Maurice Stans: “There were indirect approaches to Democratic [committee] members. An all-out campaign was conducted to see that the investigation was killed off, as it successfully was.”
Kentucky Democratic Congressman William Curlin, Jr., revealed in 1973 that “certain members of the committee were reminded of various past political indiscretions, or of relatives who might suffer as a result of [a] pro-subpoena vote.”
Despite its charter, the CIA as well as the FBI regularly spies on members of congress, the judiciary and their staffs. Evidence of adultery, pedophilia, drug use, and so on, are stored and filed away, to be used in cases of necessity—at which time the files may be used to persuade a congressman or senator to vote a certain way. And if they don’t, the information may then be leaked to the press.
Members of Patman’s committee were apparently shown such files, and they voted on Oct. 3,1972, against continuing chairman Patman’s investigation into who had funded the Plumbers.
It was also revealed, in a tape Nixon made of his White house conversations, that Nixon had instructed Haldeman to stop an FBI inquiry into who had provided the funds to the “plumbers” unit. Haldeman was told to use the excuse that the investigation would endanger CIA operations (29).
Indeed, it was a similar excuse which led to the destruction of files taken from the White House safe of Howard Hunt. Acting FBI director “Gray was told that the files were ‘political dynamite’ and should ‘never see the light of day’” (31). Indeed, as detailed by Bernstein and Woodward (31): “the covert activities” the Nixon White House was seeking to cover up, “involve the whole U.S. intelligence community…The cover up was mainly to protect the covert operations. The president, himself, has been blackmailed.”
The involvement of the FBI in the cover-up and other improprieties and illegalities eventually became public. In consequence, acting FBI director, L. Patrick Gray was forced to resigned.
The exact role of the CIA in the Watergate cover up is still not known. However, it is known that the CIA also sought to put a halt to these investigations as so many former agents were involved. However, the concern was not with Watergate. There were yet other, even more serious crimes which had been covered up and which might now come to light, including those related to an international incident known as the “Bay of Pigs” and the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
In 1951, Dulles was appointed Deputy Director of the nascent Central Intelligence Agency, and in 1953 he was appointed CIA Director by President D wight D. Eisenhower. In that capacity, Allen Dulles orchestrated a number of remarkable covert intelligence operations such as the overthrow of Iranian nationalist leader Mohammed Mossagdeh in 1953.
Upon coming to power, Prime Minister Dr. Mohammed Mossadeq had the audacity to defy the British-led oil cartel which was pumping Iranian oil out of the ground but paying almost no royalties (32). In 1951 Mossadeq authorized nationalization of the Iranian National Oil company.
The Rockefeller-led oil-brotherhood retaliated by refusing to purchase Iranian oil, whereas crippling sanctions were imposed by Britain and the U.S. sending Iran spiraling into financial chaos. Rockefeller, however, had no interest in forcing the return of oil concessions to Britain. Rather, his intention was to grab Iran’s oil fields for himself (32). The hated “Shah” of Iran—who had been forced from power and was eager to return—agreed to the deal. Mossadeq, however, would have to be overthrown.
Dulles organized a campaign of terror and destabilization, in order to overthrow Mossadeq and bring the “Shah” to power in his place. Contrary to plan, the people of Iran rose up in rebellion and the “Shah” was forced to flee the country?.
Dulles and Rockefeller (and Rockefeller’s top aid, Kissinger) were not about to give up. The People of Iran, would be severely punished.
The CIA called upon the Iranian military, and a CIA-trained security force, SAVAK, and provided $10-million dollars in funds, as well as training, logistics, weapons, and supervision, and unleashed a brutal civil war in the country. Mossadeq was deposed, the Shah was returned to power, and the CIA-trained special police, SAVAK terrorized the population to maintain order (32,33). After the coup, Iranian National Oil was de-nationalized, with U.S. oil companies getting the lion’s share, rights to 40% of all output.
Dulles and the Rockefeller oil-men on Wall Street had won. In 1976, Amnesty International concluded that the Shah of Iran had the worst human rights record on the planet, and that the number and variety of torture techniques the CIA had taught SAVAK were “beyond belief.”
The next major target of the Dulles clique, was Guatemalan leader, Guilermo Arbenz.
Dulles and his brother, John, were linked financially to the United Fruit Company. As detailed by Shlesinger and Kinzer (34) “Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and his brother CIA Director Allen Dulles had a personal interest in protecting United Fruit’s businesses. Both had investments in firms with heavy investments in United Fruit. In addition, the American ambassador at the UN was a stockholder of United Fruit and President Eisenhower’s personal secretary [Ann Whitman] was the wife of United Fruit’s public relations director.” Allen Dulles also served on the board of directors, and his old law firm, Sullivan and Cromwell, had represented
The United Fruit Company (UFC) virtually owned Guatemala. UFC paid no taxes, it dictated the laws, workers were basically slaves earning the lowest wages in the world. If anyone complained or tried to organize a union they were branded “communists” and dealt with harshly (34,35).
The United Fruit Company (UFC) not only owned most of the land, but it had kept 85% of it out of production (35). The vast majority of the people of Guatemala were not allowed to own or till the land, and by law, were not even considered “citizens” of the state which was ruled by a brutal, U.S. backed military dictator Jorge Ubico (25,26). As the Dulles brothers had their poisonous tentacles wrapped tightly around the throat of the U.S. government, the U.S. government backed these policies 100%.
Unfortunately for the Wall Street elite, conditions in Guatemala began to change in 1944 with the overthrow of the military dictatorship and the election of Guatemala’s first president, Juan Arevalo who challenged UFC’s rule. The people of Guatemala were given citizenship, schools and hospitals were built… and back in Washington, plans to overthrow the new government were being mapped out (34,35). There were over two dozen failed attempts to overthrow Arevalo and crippling sanctions were passed by the U.S. congress.
In 1950 Jacobo Arbenz became president, winning 63% of the vote. He promised to extend the reforms of Arevalo, and to break the grip held on the coiintry by UFC. He also pledged to develop government based industries to provide higher paying jobs to the people and to make the country less dependent on imported goods from America. When he also began expropriating unused farmland and distributing it to the people, CIA director, Dulles, and other officials connected to UFC and Wall Street, began a public relations campaign to paint the new leader of Guatemala as a communist and a threat to the security of the free world. The New York Times, and other major newspapers began echoing these claims, warning of the dangers posed to the U.S., and the world, by the “communist leader” of Guatemala.
Eisenhower was finally persuaded to authorize the training of terrorists and saboteurs who were then unleashed upon Guatemala from neighboring countries (34). The CIA-led coup was also supported by massive air strikes.
CIA operative, E. Howard Hunt (34) freely admitted in an interview with CNN that in leading the overthrow that “what we wanted to do was to have a terror campaign: to terrify Arbenz particularly, terrify his troops, much as the Germans terrified the population of Holland, Belgium and Poland at the onset of World War II and just rendered everybody paralyzed.”
Arbenz was toppled on June 27, 1953, and a CIA-trained army and police force took over the country. Repeating the pattern employed in Iran, the CIA-backed army and police continued to employ indiscriminate mass murder and terror to “keep order.” Between 100,000 to 200,000 men, women, and children were tortured and murdered by CIA-trained thugs.
Dulles, and the Wall Street clique had won again. It was almost impossible for them to lose as they now had the CIA and the U.S. government to do their bidding. Any leader in any country who tried to throw off the Wall Street yoke, would be deemed a “communist.” Sanctions would be imposed, and if possible, any leader who sought to put his people first, would be overthrown and killed. A Wall Street-friendly dictator and a Nazi-like SS police state would be installed in their place (13).
Cuba, 90 miles off the coast of Florida, was just another police state, ruled by a fascist, Nazi-like dictator Fulgencio Batista. Batista took his orders from mobsters and Wall Street (36,37). Batista ruled Cuba with an iron fist, and was backed 100% by Wall Street, organized crime, the CIA, and the United States government, who saw him as a “stabilizing force” at least insofar as Wall and other criminal interests were concerned.
Havana was so overrun with American gangsters and Mafiosa, that under Batista, Cuba became known as “the Latin Las Vegas.” Indeed, under Batista, Havana became a playground for the Wall Street elite, CIA, and U.S. government officials, as well as the offshore headquarters for gangsters such as Vito Genovese, Meyer Lansky, Frank Costello, and Santo Trafficante.
As Batista received a hefty cut of the action, he was pleased to keep the Cuban population suppressed, exploited, and under control. Although rebellions periodically flared up, Batista and his army had always been successful in ruthlessly and brutally quashing dissent (36,37).
In 1958, Batista began to lose his grip over the country. Cuban peasants were rising up, and Castro’s rag-tag revolutionary army were marching toward Havana (37). On New Year’s day, 1959, as the country spun out of his control, Batista, realizing that he had also lost the support of the military, departed Cuba. A military junta took over (36). Castro continued his march and on the 8th of January he arrived in Havana and was greeted by hundreds of thousands of Cubans.
On February 16th Castro became prime minister, then several months later resigned, when the new President of Cuba refused to enact land reform or to reduce rents and utility rates. On July 26th, Castro again became Prime Minister. Standing beside him was Che Guevara who summed up their plans for the future:
“We are now the hope of the unredeemed Americas. All eyes – those of the great oppressors and those of the hopeful – are firmly on us. In great measure the development of the popular movements in Latin America depends on the future stance that we take, on our capacity to resolve so many problems. And every step we take is being observed by the ever-watchful eyes of the big creditor and by the optimistic eyes of our brothers in Latin America… In Cuba we are slaves to sugar cane, the umbilical cord that binds us to the large northern market…. We must diversify our agricultural production, stimulate industry…so that within a short time the infant Cuban industries can compete with the monstrous ones of the countries where capitalism has reached its highest level of development..we shall struggle to the last drop of our rebel blood to make this land a sovereign republic with the true attributes of a nation that is happy, democratic, and fraternal with its brothers of Latin America.”
Dulles and the Wall Street junta, had heard enough. Castro, they decided, was a Communist, and his government would be overthrown (39). A campaign of terror was unleashed, with both sides committing atrocities (36,38,40).
That same year, 1959, Dulles’ CIA began to train Cuban exiles in a terrorist training camp in Guatemala. Dulles was planning an invasion to overthrow Fidel Castro. Vice-President Richard Nixon, who hoped to be elected President in Nov. 1960, was kept informed of the plan (code named: JM/WAVE). It would be Nixon’s job to implement the plan and take back Cuba, when, it was hoped, he was elected President in November of 1960 (39).
Nixon lost the election to Kennedy. Nevertheless, in March of 1961, Dulles received authorization for the operation by President Eisenhower who said, “Everyone must be prepared to swear that he has not heard of it.” Apparently, President-elect Kennedy was one of those who was initially kept out of the loop.
Part of the Bay of Pigs operation was also being run out of South Florida (39,41 ).The Bay of Pigs operations know as “JM/ WAVE…. proliferated across [Florida] in preparation for the Bay of Pigs invasion. A subculture of fronts, proprietaries, suppliers, transfer agents, conduits, dummy corporations, blind drops, detective agencies, law firms, electronic firms, shopping centers, airlines, radio stations, the mob and the church and the banks: a false and secret nervous system twitching to stimuli supplied by the cortex in Clandestine Services in Langley” (41).
Soon more and more people became aware that something was up and that an invasion of Cuba might be imminent.
Not surprisingly, with so much activity, and so much attendant excitement, the press soon got wind of it, including the fact that an army of Cuban exiles was being trained in Florida and Guatemala. Ten days before Kennedy was sworn in, the New York Times announced: “U.S. Helps Train an Anti-Castro Force at Secret Guatemalan Base.” Presumably, this newspaper article was the first detailed briefing Kennedy had yet received. Even after he was was sworn in, he did not learn the rest of the details until the last minute (39).
When John F. Kennedy came to office, the CIA was so powerful, that it was almost a state within a state, a power answerable only to itself. It could do whatever it wanted, and it did, and was able to resist even minimal supervision from the two previous administration. Murder, terrorist attacks, the rigging of elections, the incitement of rebellions, the instigation of coups, and plots to kill foreign leaders, were all planned and carried out with little input from outsiders, including two previous presidents of the United States.
The CIA and the Wall Street Brotherhood assumed Kennedy would also take a hands off approach, and would do what he was told, that he would bend to their wishes. They were wrong.
Kennedy was concerned about international repercussions if Cuba were attacked. Attacking another sovereign state without provocation would be a violation of international law.
The CIA informed him that the Cuban people would rise up and support the invaders and all Kennedy need to is supply 16 planes—which of course would reveal that America was behind the attack. Kennedy decided against the plan and publicly repudiated any American involvement in any unprovoked military attack on Cuba (39).
The CIA decided to go ahead with the plan.
On the morning of April 17, thirty minutes after the Cuban exiles began their invasion, the phone at the president’s bedside rang. Secretary of State Dean Rusk told Kennedy that the CIA wanted to call in U.S. planes to cover the anti-Castro Cubans who were running into unexpected difficulties. Although Kennedy had been told that the grateful Cuban population would welcome the invaders and overthrow Castro, instead they had risen up and were massacring the CIA-trained “freedom fighters.”
Send in the air strikes, now, Kennedy was told. Everything had already been arranged. All he need do is give the order and the air strikes would begin (39).
Kennedy exploded. They had lied to him, had deceived him from the very beginning, and now they were trying to force him to declare war on Cuba and call in air-strikes.
He refused, and his decision left 1,500 exiles stranded on the beaches of Cuba, in the Bay of Pigs (39). The CIA, top pentagon officials, the Wall Street elite, and the Cuban exile community felt betrayed. They were outraged. Kennedy, they decided, was a traitor. Kennedy was soft on communism. Kennedy deserved to die.
It was the “stab in the back” all over again (42).
CIA operative, E. Howard Hunt was still fuming about the Bay of Pigs ten years later (43): “No event since the communiza-tion of China in 1949 has had such a profound effect on the United States and its allies as the defeat of the US-trained Cuban invasion brigade at the Bay of Pigs in April 1961. Out of that humiliation grew the Berlin Wall, the missile crisis, guerrilla warfare throughout Latin American and Africa, and our Dominican Republic intervention. Castro’s’ beachhead triumph opened a bottomless Pandora’s box of difficulties that affected not only the United States, but most of its allies in the Free World. These bloody and subversive events would not have taken place had Castro been toppled. Instead of standing firm, our government pyramided crucially wrong decisions and allowed Brigade 2506 to be destroyed. The Kennedy administration yielded Castro all the excuse he needed to gain a tighter grip on the island of Jose Marti, then moved shamefacedly into the shadows and hoped the Cuban issue would simply melt away.”
Kennedy, too felt betrayed. The CIA had lied to him. Deceived him. Made him look like a fool. Kennedy was so outraged that he fired CIA director Allen Dulles, Dulles’ deputy Richard Bissell, and deputy director Charles Cabell and numerous others. Kennedy swore he was going to “smash the CIA into a thousand pieces and scatter it to the winds.”
On June 28,1961 Kennedy signed National Security Action Memoranda 57, which (along with Memoranda 55,56) effectively stripped responsibility for covert “paramilitary” operations from the CIA, and put them under the control of the Defense Department and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. These memorandum sent shock waves and stirred up outrage throughout the CIA—feelings which reached the boiling point when rumors began to circulate that if Kennedy won a second term, he would appoint his brother, Bobby Kennedy to be head of the CIA.
Dulles had been deposed and now his private police force, his creation, his personal instrument of terror, had been stripped from his hands. Not only was Kennedy going to destroy it but he he was going to hand the remains over to his brother.
It was Kennedy who would have to be destroyed.
Over the next two years, after he refused to engage in a nuclear war with the Soviet Union over the Cuban missile crisis (44), and when he continued to refused to expand the war in Viet Nam (45), the desire to eliminate Kennedy reached fever pitch. Indeed, his refusal to invade Vietnam may have been the last straw. Not only were the “communists” threatening to take over the free world, with each free state falling like dominos (46), but if the US failed to go to war the Wall Street elite would lose billions of dollars in the sale of armaments.
Kennedy repeatedly refused to go to war.
Kennedy would have to die.
In 1945, following the surrender of Japan to Allied forces, Viet Nam’s nationalist leader, Ho Chi Minn established the Democratic Republic of Vietnam based on the idea of “National Liber-
In 1946, France declared Vietnam to be a “free state.” However, as it could only be “free” within the French Union. Ho Chi Minn’s government rebelled (47).
In 1950, China and the Soviet Union pledged to provide support to Ho Chi Minn. The U.S. countered with 15 million dollars in aid to the French. As part of the package, the U.S. also sent military advisors (46,47).
But it was to no avail.
Over the course of the next four years, the Vietnamese repeatedly beat back the French. In 1954, at the “Battle of Dienbienphu” they lay siege to the French garrison at Dienbienphu and made it impossible for French supplies to arrive by air.
France was finally defeated by the Vietnam’s nationalists (47). The Wall Street elite decided that it was time to take matters into their own hands and pay these “communists” a lesson. That same year, Eisenhower and the Dulles brothers advanced the “domino” theory (46), and warned of a communist threat to the “free world” of southeast Asia, and a threat that would soon spread to the United States:
“You have a row of dominoes setup. You knock over the first one, and what will happen to the last one is the certainty that it will go over very quickly.”
The splitting of Vietnam into two states was finally proposed, as a means of containing the communists (46,47). As part of the “Agreement on the Cessation of Hostilities in Vietnam” a provisional demarcation line was drawn at the 17th parallel which was to divide Vietnam until nationwide elections are held. The United States, however, was opposed to democratic elections. The Dulles clique were convinced that if such elections were held, Ho Chi Minh would win in a landslide.
On October 23, 1954, President Eisenhower wrote a letter to Ngo Dinh Diem, President of the Council of Ministers of [South] Vietnam, offering significant military and financial aid: “The purpose of this offer is to assist the Government of Viet-Nam in developing and maintaining a strong, viable state, capable of resisting attempted subversion or aggression through military means.”
Considerable military and financial assistance followed. But it was not having the desired effect. Nationalist leader, Ho Chi Minh, was becoming ever more popular and powerful. It was apparent that his nationalist forces in the north of Viet Nam, would soon be powerful and popular enough to drive Diem and his Western backers, from the coiintry. The Wall Street elite proposed to lend South Viet Nam even larger sums of money, to buy military equipment from firms controlled by the Wall Street elites (46,47,48). There was only one catch: It would be U.S. taxpayers who would supply the money, and if South Viet Nam fell or defaulted, it would be U.S. taxpayers who would reimburse the bankers.
On April 4, 1959, President Eisenhower gave a speech at Gettysburg College, in Pennsylvania, April 4, 1959:
“Viet-Nam is a country divided into two parts, like Korea and Germany. The southern half, with its 12 million people, is free but poor. It is an underdeveloped country; its economy is weak, average individual income being less than $200 a year. The northern half has been turned over to communism. A line of demarcation running along the 17th parallel separates the two. To the north of this line stand several Communist divisions. These facts pose to south Viet-Nam two great tasks: self-defense and economic growth.”
“For Viet-Nam’s economic growth, the acquisition of capital is vitally necessary. [A] way for Viet-Nam to get the necessary capital is through private investments from the outside and through governmental loans… And there is still the other of Viet-Nam’s great problem—how to support the military forces it needs without crushing its economy…. military as well as economic help is currently needed in Viet-Nam… We reach the inescapable conclusion that our own national interests demand some help from us in sustaining in Viet-Nam the morale, the economic progress, and the military strength necessary to its continued existence in freedom.”
1959 was a pivotal year. The Dulles Wall Street clique were hoping that with the election of their man, Nixon, as the next president of the United States, that he would launch a full scale invasion into Cuba followed by a huge military buildup in Viet Nam (46,47).
The election of Kennedy threatened those hopes.
As early as 1951, while serving as a congressman, Kennedy presciently observed: “The Indo-Chinese states are puppet states, French principalities with great resources but as typical examples of empire and colonialism as can be fond anywhere. To check the southern drive of Communism makes sense but not only through reliance on the force of arms. The task is, rather, to build strong native non-Communist sentiment within these areas and rely on that as a spearhead of defense. To do this apart from and in defiance of innately nationalistic aims spells foredoomed failure.”
And again, after his election, Kennedy stated that: “we can’t expect these countries to do every thing the way we want to do them. They have their own interests, their own personalities, their own tradition. We can’t make everyone want to go in our image. In addition, we have ancient struggles between countries….We can’t make the world over, but we can influence the world.”
Dulles and the Wall Street bankers and arms merchants wanted war: War with Cuba, and a long protracted, costly war with Viet Nam.
Kennedy, however, repeatedly refused to escalate the conflict. Although there are those who claim otherwise, such as Walter Rostow, who headed Kennedy’s State Department Policy Planning Council, others, such as his brother (45) who served as Attorney General, and Roger Hilsman, Kennedy’s Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs, and presidential aides Kenny O’Donnell and Dave Powers—all maintain that he had no intention of expanding the war.
Kennedy’s refusal to expand the war was also the fear of the Pentagon and CIA. As summed up by William E. Colby, former director of the CIA: “President Kennedy was unalterably opposed to sending U.S. combat troops to Vietnam.”
Thus, many of those in the Pentagon, the CIA, and on Wall Street, were unalterably opposed to Kennedy as he was viewed as soft on communism and unwilling to give them the expensive war they craved. Many wanted to kill him (50), and for good reason — or so they thought.
First was the refusal to invade Cuba. Second, he fires Dulles. Third, he threatens to eviscerate the CIA. Fourth he refused to go to war with the Soviet Union over the Cuban missile crisis in October of 1962 (44) when the right wingers, the CIA, and Pentagon were clamoring for nuclear war. Fifth, he refused to expand the war in Vietnam. And then, finally, and perhaps the last straw, President John F. Kennedy and Premier Nikita Khrushchev signed the first major arms control agreement, the “Partial Test Ban Treaty”
With the signing of the “Partial Test Ban Treaty” outrage erupted among the Wall Street elite, the anti-communists, the Pentagon, the CIA, and on and on. The “Partial Test Ban Treaty” threatened to halt the nuclear arms race as it banned nuclear testing in the atmosphere, the oceans and outer space. Moreover, the Treaty contained a preambular promise to eventually end to all nuclear test explosions.”
American needed these weapons, the right-wing screamed. The Soviets could never be trusted. The signing of the treaty was a betrayal. And besides, think of all the money the government would spend if only Kennedy were willing to engage in an expensive arm’s race.
Kennedy was now being openly described in some circles as a traitor. Extreme right wing groups were clamoring for his head. Posters with a bull’s eye across his face were printed. On November 22, 1963, Kennedy was killed.